Ged Social Studies Practice Test 7 - online test

Mystery Surrounds Fate of Malaysian Flight 370

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370/MAS370) was a scheduled international passenger flight that disappeared on 8 March 2014, while flying from Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia, to Beijing Capital International Airport in China. The flight last made voice contact with air traffic control at 01:19 MYT, 8 March (17:19 UTC, 7 March) when it was over the South China Sea, less than an hour after takeoff. The aircraft disappeared from air traffic controllers’ radar screens at 01:22 MYT. Malaysian military radar continued to track the aircraft as it deviated from its planned flight path and crossed the Malay Peninsula. It left the range of Malaysian military radar at 02:22 while over the Andaman Sea, 200 nautical miles (370 km) north-west of Penang in north-western Malaysia. The aircraft, a Boeing 777-200ER, was carrying 12 Malaysian crew members and 227 passengers from 15 nations.

A multinational search effort began in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea, where the flight’s signal was last seen on secondary surveillance radar, and was soon extended to the Strait of Malacca and Andaman Sea. Analysis of satellite communications between the aircraft and Inmarsat’s satellite communications network concluded that the flight continued until at least 08:19 and flew south into the southern Indian Ocean, although the precise location cannot be determined. Australia took charge of the search effort on 17 March, when the search moved to the southern Indian Ocean. On 24 March, the Malaysian government noted that the final location determined by the satellite communication is far from any possible landing sites, and concluded that “flight MH370 ended in the southern Indian Ocean.” The current phase of the search, the largest and most expensive in aviation history, is a comprehensive survey of the sea floor about 1,800 kilometres (970 nmi) south-west of Perth, Western Australia, which began in October 2014. Nothing was found of the aircraft until 29 July 2015, when a piece of marine debris, later confirmed to be a flaperon from Flight 370, washed ashore on Réunion Island. The bulk of the aircraft has still not been located, prompting many theories about its disappearance.

One of the main theories about the final location of this aircraft is the southern Indian Ocean.
What evidence from the passage supports this theory?

Authorities there have taken over the investigation.

There have been no signs of survivors or debris discovered anywhere else.

Underwater probes have discovered no sign of the plane elsewhere.

The aircraft’s last satellite communications came from that location.

The passage states “the flight continued until at least 08:19 and flew south into the southern Indian Ocean” and that the last communication came from a location that was “far from any possible landing sites”. The other answer choices do not provide direct evidence of this theory.

The 19th Amendment

The 19th Amendment guarantees American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation. Beginning in the mid-19th century, woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered radical change.

Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but their strategies varied. Some tried to pass suffrage acts in each state. Nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. More public tactics included parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Supporters were heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused.

By 1916, most of the major suffrage organizations united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917, and President Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift.

On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment, and two weeks later, the Senate followed. When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment on August 18, 1920, the amendment was adopted. While decades of struggle to include African Americans and other minority women in the promise of voting rights remained, the face of the American electorate had changed forever.

Featured Document: The 19th Amendment - National Archives ... (n.d.).

The passage mentions several specific examples that led to a change in women’s suffrage rights.
Which of these conclusions is the best description of the information implied in the passage?

Having major suffrage organizations unite behind a constitutional amendment was instrumental in helping to bring about change.

A combination of approaches worked to bring changes in women’s voting rights.

President Wilson’s changes in position on women’s suffrage led to political changes.

New York’s adoption of women’s suffrage in 1917 aided in changing the political landscape.

Each of the answer options is a specific example, except the correct answer, “A combination of approaches worked to bring changes in women’s voting rights,” which is an implied meaning based on the several examples given in the passage. Questions like these ask the reader to draw conclusions based on examples given.

According to this passage, which of these was a practical and visual example of tireless work on behalf of championing women’s voting rights?

decades of agitation

marches

civil disobedience

challenges in courts

This question asks for an example that was both a practical and visual example and marches is the only answer choice that satisfies these requirements. While the other options were helpful overall, the everyday common and prominent displays, such as marches, brought larger public attention

Checks, Balances, and Constitutional Defense

Even long ago, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were defending the Constitution. They wrote their defense in the Federalist, saying that built-in restraints were important. Quoting from their text, “You must first enable government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” Each branch of government had been given powers by the constitution to limit one or more of the other branches. For example, the legislative branch could remove officials from office, including the President. The Congress could be limited by the President’s power to veto legislation and the Supreme Court is monitored by the Presidential appointments to it and the “advice and consent” of the Senate. Chief Justice Marshall actually created the present three way restraint system when he instituted the judicial review policy. This confirms the present policy of checks and balances in the U.S. Government.

According to the defenders of the Constitution, all of these ensure a strong national government except _________.

eliminating judicial review

limited powers for executive and legislative branches

presidential veto power

impeachment power of Congress

Chief Justice Marshall established the principle of judicial review, which is the third branch of our government’s checks and balances system. Therefore, the correct answer is “eliminating judicial review.” Since all of these answers are needed parts of the system, judicial review cannot be eliminated.

Mayflower Compact

In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc.

Having undertaken, for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern Parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together into a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini 1620.

MR. JOHN CARVER

MR. WILLIAM BRADFORD

MR EDWARD WINSLOW

MR. WILLIAM BREWSTER

ISAAC ALLERTON

MYLES STANDISH

JOHN ALDEN

JOHN TURNER

FRANCIS EATON

JAMES CHILTON

JOHN CRAXTON

JOHN BILLINGTON

JOSES FLETCHER

JOHN GOODMAN

MR. SAMUEL FULLER

MR. CHRISTOPHER MARTIN

MR. WILLIAM MULLINS

MR. WILLIAM WHITE

MR. RICHARD WARREN

JOHN HOWLAND

MR. STEVEN HOPKINS

DIGERY PRIEST

THOMAS WILLIAMS

GILBERT WINSLOW

EDMUND MARGESSON

PETER BROWN

RICHARD BRITTERIDGE

GEORGE SOULE

EDWARD TILLY

JOHN TILLY

FRANCIS COOKE

THOMAS ROGERS

THOMAS TINKER

JOHN RIDGDALE

EDWARD FULLER

RICHARD CLARK

RICHARD GARDINER

MR. JOHN ALLERTON

THOMAS ENGLISH

EDWARD DOTEN

EDWARD LIESTER

Why is the Mayflower Compact a significant historical document?

It was an official document claiming land for all of Europe.

It was an official, signed and sealed document guaranteeing the land rights to the Mayflower passengers.

It served as a starting point for what was to become the United States and United States government.

It meant that a group of people were detaching themselves from England.

The Mayflower Compact served as a starting point for the United States and U.S. organization. It was not a means of claiming land for Europe, for detaching from European countries, or a document securing land rights.

Who signed the Mayflower Compact?

Abraham Lincoln

the men aboard the Mayflower

the men and women aboard the Mayflower

King James

Abraham Lincoln was not present to sign the Compact. King James, though mentioned, was likewise not present. At this time, women were not considered the equals of men, and were therefore not permitted to sign. Instead, it was the men aboard the Mayflower who signed the Compact.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice Test 7 exam questions 7 questionAccording to the map “Original Thirteen Colonies,” which of these is not true?

Rhode Island is the smallest of the original thirteen colonies.

The map is showing all of the current state names.

The original thirteen colonies were settled along the West Coast.

The colonies in the South occupied more land mass than those in the North.

This question requires the reader to know what the directions are on a map. Typically, maps will provide a compass illustration for you, but be prepared for those that do not. Without exception, all of the thirteen original colonies were along the Eastern Coast. All of the other statements are true.

You are perusing a social media site and come across an announcement that an ancestry research group has found hereditary ties between a popular celebrity and a former President of the United States, who lived many years ago. Wondering why the site would publish such information, you can think of these reasons.
Which one would you discard as being the most unlikely?

Associating a celebrity may bring more credibility to the website.

If people visit the website to read about this connection, they may be drawn into researching their own relatives and more motivated to subscribe.

Revealing an ancestrial connection between a popular historical figure and a current popular celebrity will attract more attention to the website.

The ancestry site is hoping the celebrity’s other relatives will come forward to the public.

All these options would boost traffic to the website and thus increase the chance that they will get new subscribers. The likelihood that the celebrity’s other relatives will first see the article, and then, second, come forth in the media, is the most unlikely of the options.
In trying to understand and adapt to today’s world, we can find a great deal of help in the study of past geographies. At different times of Earth history, there have been widely varied climates, resources of land and water, animals, plants, and routes of transportation. As humans have interacted with these resources, the resources themselves have changed, changing the face of history for future generations. The results of historical Earth/human interaction can tell us a lot about our present role on Earth and how we can help create the best possible scenario for our descendants.

With which of these statements would the author of this passage agree?

The history of humanity would be inadequate if the Earth’s geographic history is not evaluated as a major contributor.

Generations of humanity have not been able to adapt adequately with the pace of geographic changes.

While important, geographic characteristics over time are not a significant factor of consideration in the history of humanity.

Geographically speaking, the world of today is very similar to past times.

The author speaks in several different ways to emphasize how important geography is to the history of humanity. The author states that generations have tried to adapt to geographic changes but makes no value judgment about how well.

Both of these passages are excerpts from speeches given by the same man, Frederick Douglass, but they were given approximately 24 years apart.

Passage 1: What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Given in 1852 at a Fourth of July celebration

“Fellow-citizens; above your national, tumultuous joy, I hear the mournful wail of millions! whose chains, heavy and grievous yesterday, are, to-day, rendered more intolerable by the jubilee shouts that reach them. If I do forget, if I do not faithfully remember those bleeding children of sorrow this day, “may my right hand forget her cunning, and may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth!” To forget them, to pass lightly over their wrongs, and to chime in with the popular theme, would be treason most scandalous and shocking, and would make me a reproach before God and the world. My subject, then fellow-citizens, is AMERICAN SLAVERY. I shall see, this day, and its popular characteristics, from the slave’s point of view. Standing, there, identified with the American bondman, making his wrongs mine, I do not hesitate to declare, with all my soul, that the character and conduct of this nation never looked blacker to me than on this 4th of July! Whether we turn to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems equally hideous and revolting. America is false to the past, false to the present, and solemnly binds herself to be false to the future. Standing with God and the crushed and bleeding slave on this occasion, I will, in the name of humanity which is outraged, in the name of liberty which is fettered, in the name of the constitution and the Bible, which are disregarded and trampled upon, dare to call in question and to denounce, with all the emphasis I can command, everything that serves to perpetuate slavery — the great sin and shame of America! “I will not equivocate; I will not excuse;” I will use the severest language I can command; and yet not one word shall escape me that any man, whose judgment is not blinded by prejudice, or who is not at heart a slaveholder, shall not confess to be right and just.”

Passage 2: Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln Given in 1876 at the Unveiling of The Freedmen’s Monument in Lincoln Park, Washington, D.C.

“Few facts could better illustrate the vast and wonderful change which has taken place in our condition as a people than the fact of our assembling here for the purpose we have today. Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago. The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy in some dark and distant parts of our country, would have made our assembling here the signal and excuse for opening upon us all the flood-gates of wrath and violence. That we are here in peace today is a compliment and a credit to American civilization, and a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future. I refer to the past not in malice, for this is no day for malice; but simply to place more distinctly in front the gratifying and glorious change which has come both to our white fellow-citizens and ourselves, and to congratulate all upon the contrast between now and then; the new dispensation of freedom with its thousand blessings to both races, and the old dispensation of slavery with its ten thousand evils to both races — white and black. In view, then, of the past, the present, and the future, with the long and dark history of our bondage behind us, and with liberty, progress, and enlightenment before us, I again congratulate you upon this auspicious day and hour.”

Passage 1 is part of a speech that Frederick Douglass gave when he was asked to speak at a celebration of the Fourth of July.
Considering the occasion, which of these was probably his most significant statement?

“My subject, then fellow-citizens, is AMERICAN SLAVERY.”

“I will not equivocate; I will not excuse;…”

“I will use the severest language I can command…”

“… may my right hand forget her cunning, and may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth!”

The crowd was probably expecting a speech about the holiday, but Douglass had other ideas. This statement informs the crowd that he will speak on something else, entirely: the issue of slavery. On this holiday celebrating independence, Douglass reminded the crowd that not everyone could celebrate their freedom and independence. The other statements may have alerted or surprised the crowd, but they did not have as much of an overall effect on his presentation as this one did.

It is evident from his words that Douglass’ vision for America’s future has _________ during the time between the two speeches.

remained unchanged

vastly improved

become more bleak

intensified

This is the best answer, using evidence from the two passages. In the first speech, Douglass referred to America’s destiny when he said “ … [America] solemnly binds herself to be false to the future.” Over twenty years later, he had this to say about the dedication of the monument: “[it is] a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future.” So, his opinion of America’s future has definitely improved. The two speeches appear to be about equal in intensity.

The difference between the two passages, in tone and content, can best be attributed to which historical event that occurred during the years between them?

The Revolutionary War

The Emancipation Proclamation

World War I

The Declaration of Independence

This was the document that freed the slaves, enacted by Abraham Lincoln. Freedom from slavery was what Douglass was seeking in passage 1 and what he was praising in passage 2. Also, the events in the other answer choices did not occur during the 24 years between the two speeches.

“The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy…”
As used in this sentence, the word “spirit” most nearly means _________.

harmony

religious idol

secret movement

principle

While the word spirit can mean several things, in this instance it is used to refer to a “principle” and the attitudes surrounding the adherence to that principle.

“Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago.”
Douglass uses this statement, the second sentence in passage 2, to emphasize _________.

the size and exuberance of the crowd present for the ceremony

the changes in attitude toward slavery in the previous twenty years

the beautiful nature of the ceremony and the monument it honored

the harmless nature of the ceremony, in terms of historical significance

With this statement, Douglass reminds the crowd that, without the major attitude changes toward slavery that had occurred among the American people in the past twenty years, the ceremony would not be possible.

Passage 1: What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Given in 1852 at a Fourth of July celebration

“Fellow-citizens; above your national, tumultuous joy, I hear the mournful wail of millions! whose chains, heavy and grievous yesterday, are, to-day, rendered more intolerable by the jubilee shouts that reach them. If I do forget, if I do not faithfully remember those bleeding children of sorrow this day, “may my right hand forget her cunning, and may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth!” To forget them, to pass lightly over their wrongs, and to chime in with the popular theme, would be treason most scandalous and shocking, and would make me a reproach before God and the world. My subject, then fellow-citizens, is AMERICAN SLAVERY. I shall see, this day, and its popular characteristics, from the slave’s point of view. Standing, there, identified with the American bondman, making his wrongs mine, I do not hesitate to declare, with all my soul, that the character and conduct of this nation never looked blacker to me than on this 4th of July! Whether we turn to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems equally hideous and revolting. America is false to the past, false to the present, and solemnly binds herself to be false to the future. Standing with God and the crushed and bleeding slave on this occasion, I will, in the name of humanity which is outraged, in the name of liberty which is fettered, in the name of the constitution and the Bible, which are disregarded and trampled upon, dare to call in question and to denounce, with all the emphasis I can command, everything that serves to perpetuate slavery — the great sin and shame of America! “I will not equivocate; I will not excuse;” I will use the severest language I can command; and yet not one word shall escape me that any man, whose judgment is not blinded by prejudice, or who is not at heart a slaveholder, shall not confess to be right and just.”

Passage 2: Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln Given in 1876 at the Unveiling of The Freedmen’s Monument in Lincoln Park, Washington, D.C.

“Few facts could better illustrate the vast and wonderful change which has taken place in our condition as a people than the fact of our assembling here for the purpose we have today. Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago. The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy in some dark and distant parts of our country, would have made our assembling here the signal and excuse for opening upon us all the flood-gates of wrath and violence. That we are here in peace today is a compliment and a credit to American civilization, and a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future. I refer to the past not in malice, for this is no day for malice; but simply to place more distinctly in front the gratifying and glorious change which has come both to our white fellow-citizens and ourselves, and to congratulate all upon the contrast between now and then; the new dispensation of freedom with its thousand blessings to both races, and the old dispensation of slavery with its ten thousand evils to both races — white and black. In view, then, of the past, the present, and the future, with the long and dark history of our bondage behind us, and with liberty, progress, and enlightenment before us, I again congratulate you upon this auspicious day and hour.”

The main idea of passage 1 is __________.

America should choose a different time to celebrate independence.

Some Americans cannot celebrate Independence Day because they are not yet free.

All people should be celebrating Independence Day, regardless of race.

Owning slaves has been a popular practice among American landowners for many years.

The other answers are either not part of Douglass’s message or are merely details and not his main point.

The Gettysburg Address

“Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us–that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion–that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.”

Lincoln, Abraham. "The Gettysburg Address." Dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery. Gettysburg. 19 Nov. 1863. Address.

According to the context clues, which of these is the best definition of the word “consecrated” as used in the Gettysburg Address?

desecrated

defiled

tarnished

blessed

The word blessed is the only word that fits into the context where the word “consecrated” is used. All of the other choices are opposite in meaning.

According to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, which of these statements describes why President Lincoln feels the memorial is for the living rather than the dead?

Those that are alive need a place to come and see their loved ones.

Those that are alive must be reminded to continue to work for the cause that killed the soldiers.

Those that are alive can see how many actually died in the War.

Those that are alive will always remember the fallen soldiers.

Lincoln makes it clear that we must be dedicated to finishing the cause for which the fallen had died. This is the only way their deaths will not be in vain. While it is true that those alive need to see how many perished, and that we all need a place to see our loved ones that have passed, Lincoln’s message is clear that this needs to be an occasion to motivate further action.

One Down-Side of Globalization

Globalization has provided new options for trade in today’s world. While most of these changes are positive, the increase in drug trade over land has become a concern. One drug, heroin, is produced from opium poppies, which is most widely done in Afghanistan. In fact, of the heroin supply in the UK, it is estimated that 90% of it comes from Afghanistan, the world’s largest heroin producer. The value of this UK/Afghanistan heroin trade was estimated at 44 billion English pounds in 2009.

The topography of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran does not make them easily policed. Moreover, due to the constant fluctuation in government and the frequency of conflict, it is not easy to enforce the law. Additionally, the Taliban has been associated with one primary area of heroin production. The drug producers use camels and 4-wheel drive vehicles to get their product out of the area.

According to the passage, how does geography influence the trade of heroin?

The landscape allows transportation by land or sea.

The landscape of the area around Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran are not easy to police, therefore assisting in the ease of trafficking of the product.

The topography allows an easy flow because of many options for transport.

The landscape stability allows a safe flow with little risk of danger to the carriers.

The passage points out that the “topography” makes the area difficult to police and the area has instability that makes law enforcement difficult. Topography is a synonym for the word landscape, requiring you to use context clues if you are unfamiliar with this term. (A review of common geographic vocabulary would be helpful to students preparing for this exam.) There is no mention in the article of transportation by sea. Transportation is extremely limited because it leaves mainly by camel or four-wheel drive vehicles.

How Does an Idea Turn into Law?

In the U.S. Congress, there is a definitive process by which a law is made. First, a congressperson takes his/her idea for a new law and formulates a bill. This bill is then given to the Clerk of the House or put in the “hopper”, a box used for this purpose. The bill is identified by its sponsor (the member who submitted it) and a unique number assignment. If the member introducing the bill is from the House of Representatives, the number is preceded by “H.R.” and Senate bill numbers are preceded by “S.”. Each bill is printed by the Government Printing Office (G.P.O.) and a copy is given to each member.

Depending on the category of the bill, it is assigned to one of the many committees (22 in the House of Representatives) to study. The designated committee is responsible for hearing expert testimony regarding the bill, as well as input from interested parties. The committee then does one of two things: release the bill (with or without revision) or lay it aside. If the bill is laid aside, this is called “tabling” and the House or Senate cannot vote on it. If, on the other hand, the bill is released, it is called “reporting out” and the congressional body involved will be able to vote on passage.

According to the passage, a bill with the designation H.R. 2040 would be sent to ___________.

the Senate and the House of Representatives

the Senate

the House of Representatives

the Speaker of the House

The passage states that bills sent to the House of Representatives are preceded with the initials “H.R.” All of the other choices are incorrect.

According to the passage, which of these describes the “reporting out” process?

A bill is sent to a standing committee, studied, and then released to be voted upon.

A bill’s description is reported to the media for publicity.

A bill is sent to a standing committee and then passed.

A bill is “out” of the voting process and tabled.

“Reporting out” means a bill is going out for action. The committee will make a recommendation and then a decision is rendered. There is nothing in the passage that indicates when the information is released to the public. The standing committee does not have the power to pass the bill, only to make a recommendation.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice Test 7 exam questions 21 questionAccording to the United States Poverty Map, which of these statements is not true?

The southern states have higher poverty rates overall than the northern states.

Areas of eastern Oregon have higher poverty rates than those of western Oregon.

Iowa has a higher poverty rate than Montana.

New Hampshire and Connecticut have a lower incidence of poverty than most of the other eastern states.

Iowa has a much lower rate of poverty compared to Montana. This is the only statement that is not true. This question relies on the reader knowing the official state abbreviations. Reviewing each state’s abbreviation in preparation for this exam is recommended.

By the President of the United States of America:

A Proclamation.

Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:

“That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

“That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States.”

Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.

And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.


Lincoln, Abraham."Emancipation Proclamation." Washington, DC., 1863. Address.

Who constructed/enacted the Emancipation Proclamation?

Barack Obama

Abraham Lincoln

George Washington

Benjamin Franklin

The Emancipation Proclamation was enacted by a president in the 1800s, effectively removing the possibility of both Barack Obama (a modern president) and Benjamin Franklin (was never president). George Washington was not the president during the Civil War, necessitating a response of Abraham Lincoln.

At its inception, the Emancipation Proclamation was met ___________.

with widespread derision from both the North and the South

with widespread accolades from both the North and the South

with acclaim from the South and derision from the North

with acclaim from the North and derision from the South

The North was largely in agreement with the Proclamation, while the South was strongly opposed; the Proclamation espoused the desires of the North as a whole, while mostly opposing the desires of the South.

Why was the Emancipation Proclamation a significant document in U.S.history?

It functioned as a proclamation solidifying the rights of property holders in the wake of the Civil War.

It served as a testament to England that the United States was no longer an English government territory.

It paved the way for the Civil Rights movement of the 1860s.

It served to make the freedom of slaves among the primary goals of the Civil War, in addition to reunification of the North and South.

The Proclamation was discussing a civil matter, not a foreign one, and was therefore not for England. It was created in the midst of the Civil War, not following its close. The Civil Rights movement was not to come for approximately 100 years following the Proclamation.

Why are Jim Crow laws significant?

They were enacted to force segregation in public places, securing racial animosity.

They dictated how American men and women were required to treat endangered bird species.

They were laws protecting men and women of African descent in the United States.

They dictated how men were allowed to treat women in 1960s America.

Jim Crow is a name, not a reference to bird species. These laws did not protect African Americans, nor did they dictate how men and women were to interact; instead, they were created to enforce segregation in public places.

What role did the Treaty of Versailles play in World War I?

It created a precedent for ending war.

It declared the war over between Germany and the Allied Powers.

It declared war on Germany from the Allied Powers.

It instigated a feud between the Allied powers.

As the name suggests, the Treaty declared the war over. It did not instigate or declare war, nor did it create a precedent for ending war; many wars had ended before this, without this treaty to use as an example.

What did Reconstruction after the Civil War look like?

Following President Lincoln’s assassination, much of the progress made during his term fell apart, including allotting land to freed slaves.

Following the end of the Civil War, the North and South made amends quickly.

Freed slaves and landowners continued to fight on a mass scale, resulting in war-like conditions post Civil War.

After the Civil War, though there was much strife, both sides of the war reconciled quickly.

At the close of the Civil War, war did not once again rise up; though there was still contention, it did not reach the scale of the Civil War itself. The North and South did not reconcile or make amends quickly; instead, much of Lincoln’s progress was torn down, resulting in much of the Proclamation’s provisions being ignored.

The basic components of the Watergate scandal were _________.

wiretapping, conspiracy, and leaking government secrets

wiretapping, conspiracy, burglary, and illegal funding

stealing war documents and leaking government secrets

conspiring to assassinate and conspiring to overthrow

While the scandal did include wiretapping and conspiracy, it did not intend to leak government secrets, steal war documents, or conspire to assassinate. Instead, it was intended to learn more about the opponents to gain a greater chance of election and gain favor.

What is the main difference between a direct democracy and a representative democracy?

Direct democracy is small, while representative is large.

Direct democracy means citizens form a consensus on items directly, while representative uses individuals to represent a larger group.

Direct democracy utilizes state government primarily, while representative utilizes federal government primarily.

Direct democracy means politicians speak directly to people, while representative democracy involves using representatives to speak.

The words direct and representative are used to describe the people, not the government entity. While direct could mean small, and representative large, this answer is ambiguous and does not clearly identify what, exactly, is small and what is large. Direct democracy does not focus on state’s rights, but uses citizen consensus directly, and representative does not focus on federal government, but on representatives to speak for citizens.

Which of these is not a provision of the Bill of Rights?

the right against unreasonable searches and seizures

the right to own land

the right to bear arms

the right to a speedy and public trial

The Bill of Rights is intended to protect citizens from the government, rather than as a means of declaring personal interest. For this reason, the right to own land is not included; land ownership is mentioned in the Declaration of Independence, but is not considered a right.

What effect did the Industrial Revolution have on scientific discovery in America?

The Industrial Revolution had little to no effect on scientific discovery in America; the two are not related.

The Industrial Revolution fueled interest in science due to the advent of farming utilities.

The Industrial Revolution pushed men and women further from science and toward religious duties.

The Industrial Revolution brought more interest in utility and practicality, driving minds more toward science than religion.

The Industrial Revolution did have an effect on scientific discovery, as it brought interest in utility and practicality–further driving scientific discovery and investigation. This was not solely due to the advent of farming utilities, and it did not prompt a renewed interest in religion while moving away from science.

America is often referred to as a “melting pot” __________.

due to the coming together of two main ethnic backgrounds

due to the population containing a diverse number of backgrounds and traditions

due to the rich American diet

due to the inclusion of all types of delicacies and traditional foods

The term melting pot, despite being a popular restaurant’s name, is not in any way a reference to the American diet. Rather, it is used to describe the diverse population found in the U.S. There are not just two main nationalities comprising the American people, but a wide variety.

How does the concept of assimilation apply to the United States?

Assimilation is the process by which the government incorporates foreign policy into domestic policy.

It is not related to the United States.

Assimilation is an important aspect of U.S. culture, as there are numerous backgrounds and ethnicities represented in the United States.

Assimilation is not an important aspect of U.S. culture, as men and women of foreign backgrounds are urged to abandon all prior cultural ties.

Assimilation is an important concept in U.S. culture, as there are countless ethnicities represented within the population. These different ethnicities must learn to retain their heritage, while melding with modern U.S. living. Men and women should not abandon all previous cultural ties, but are encouraged to incorporate these ties into modern American life. Assimilation refers to the population, not to government practices.

Which branch of the U.S.government is missing? Executive, ________, Legislative

House

Judicial

Congress

Senate

While Congress, Senate, and House are all terms that can be applied to the United States government, these terms do not describe the three main branches of the government, which are Executive, Judicial, and Legislative.

How does war influence a country’s economy?

War fills government coffers, resulting in a robust, thriving period of economic growth.

War bolsters a country’s economy, leading to greater economic growth.

War depletes a country’s natural resources, resulting in reliance upon foreign goods.

War drains wealth and severely alters markets, resulting in a depressed economy.

War removes two important aspects of the economy: people and money. Because war is extremely expensive, it drains the wealth of a country and severely alters markets (due to drained finances and the removal of working men and women), resulting in a depressed, or at least drastically altered, economy. It does not bring in wealth, nor does it deplete natural resources alone.

Historically speaking, how might economics influence exploration?

Economics and exploration are typically unrelated.

Economics and exploration sometimes have a relationship, but sometimes do not; it is determined on a case-by-case basis.

Exploration was determined largely by a country’s wealth; wealthy countries could afford to explore and claim new land, while poor countries remained stagnant.

Exploration was related to power, rather than money; rich but small countries would not explore, while poorer, larger countries wielded greater influence.

Economics and exploration are intricately related. Exploration requires money to fund transportation and goods–powerful countries without money would not be able to procure a means of travel or the goods necessary to maintain travel. As such, a country’s wealth was the largest determining factor in its overall exploration and growth

What does it mean to have a monopoly on an industry?

It means that big businesses reign supreme, while small stores go unused.

It means that a single store or company dominates a market and squashes any competition.

It means that an industry is heavily influenced by the oldest member of the community.

It means that industry is regarded as a game rather than a serious issue.

Industry is not considered a game by someone possessing a monopoly; on the contrary, creating and maintaining a monopoly requires shrewd business tactics. Although big business is generally charged with maintaining a monopoly, its competition is not solely small business, but may include other large corporations. It is also not indicative of the age of a company or executive. Instead, it means that single store or company completely dominates a market (i.e. Wal-Mart dominates its niche), and tramples its competition.

Which of these is a basic principle of supply and demand?

Government entities will always be in control of the goods in a given market.

Economic growth is driven by foreign markets and goods.

The amount of goods produced in a given market is driven by the demand for the goods in that market.

Ask and you will receive.

Supply and demand is not equated to a benevolent giver, nor is it directly referring to a government force. It is not necessarily indicative of a foreign presence, but simply means that the supply of a good is driven by the demand for that good. It is a cause and effect relationship.

What is inflation and how does it relate to the economy?

Inflation is a term used to describe the idea that governments will mimic each other; a healthy government budget will encourage neighboring countries to follow suit.

Inflation is the term used to describe the ever-growing cost of goods; while prices may increase, goods may remain the same in quantity or quality.

Inflation is an economic concept describing the relationship between goods and wages.

Inflation is the concept used to describe how state governments allocate their federal funds.

Inflation is neither a term used to describe inter-governmental workings, nor a term used to describe state spending. While it certainly does involve wages, it is not limited to the relationship between goods and wages; instead, it is a term used to encompass the ever-growing cost of goods. While the price of goods may increase, the quality or quantity of said goods may not increase—and may even decrease