Ged Social Studies Practice 9 - online test

…As people move, so do microbes. HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria together cause 25 percent of all deaths worldwide. With an estimated 40 million people already infected, the national security threat posed by HIV/AIDS is no longer theoretical or prospective; it is clear and present today. It is, moreover, rapidly expanding its deadly reach beyond Sub-Saharan Africa. In the last 5 years, for instance, the HIV/AIDS infection rates in Eastern Europe increased 1300 percent. Even relatively low rates of infection will have enormous consequences for high population countries such as China and India. HIV/AIDS is particularly devastating because it often combines with other infectious diseases””notably tuberculosis””in lethal alliances. To make matters worse, drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis are becoming more prevalent. Such strains can defeat the most sophisticated antibiotics in modern medicine’s arsenal.

The burden of infectious diseases can strain weak health systems to the breaking point and beyond, with pernicious effects on social, economic, and political stability of regions important to America’s interests. The hardest-hit nations in Sub-Saharan Africa are experiencing precipitous declines in life expectancies, some falling over 30 years. Millions of orphans will need to be raised by the poorest societies on earth; many, forced to fend for themselves or exploited by others, will pose a clear source of instability in affected areas. The spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases, therefore, will not only pose a health risk, but threaten to destroy societies, devastate economies, and destabilize entire regions. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization, AIDS Epidemic Update, December 2001 (Geneva: UNAIDS, 2001); UNICEF, UNAIDS, and WHO, Coordinates 2002: Charting Progress Against AIDS, TB and Malaria (Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002).)

Haass, Richard N. (2007, April 14). Supporting US Foreign Policy in the Post-9/11 World: Policymakers and the Intelligence Community. Retrieved September 27, 2013 by,

According to the text, what threatens to destabilize entire regions?

Civil war

The spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases.

Millions of orphans will need to be raised by the poorest societies on earth.

Decline of life-expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa.

What evidence does the author use to support the idea that microbes move with people with devastating effects?

The spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases, therefore, will not only pose a health risk, but threaten to destroy societies.

HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria together cause 25 percent of all deaths worldwide.

In the last 5 years, for instance, the HIV/AIDS infection rates in Eastern Europe increased 1300 percent.

Both B and C

Considering your answers to the above questions, respond briefly on your own: In this case, how does the created environment affect societal development?

Tips and Answers below

Tips and Answers below

Sample answer: (The information can be found in the final paragraph, along with personal inferences). It negatively affects societal development. The increase of illness places a burden on already weak health care systems. The increase of orphaned children causes social problems””and as these orphans grow up””social unrest. Lower life expectancy and illness combined work to de-stabilize the economy””people can’t work, and are not around to work as long. They also do not have money to spend.

Consider the Greek history timeline below beginning in 1000 BCE and answer the following question.
Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 9 exam questions 4. question
What came first: the first Olympic Games or the laying of the foundation for Democracy?

The laying of the foundation for Democracy

The first Olympic Games

What was the catalyst that pushed the U.S.into WWII?

Germany invading and controlling most of Europe

Japan’s advancement in China

The Soviet Union’s non-aggression pact with Germany

The bombing of Pearl Harbor

Why did the early Puritan colonists come to America?

Religious persecution

Adventure

They were kicked out of Britain

Manifest Destiny

Read the following passage from Martin Luther’s “I Have a Dream” speech:
“…Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity….But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free….
In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”
What does Martin Luther’s mean when he says the check has come back with “insufficient funds”?

All people are guaranteed rights by the constitution

The slaves were freed a hundred years ago, but still are not free

Citizens of color were not given the same “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” that the Constitution and Declaration of Independence declare for all Americans

They were given a bad check.

What words from the word bank below best fit under the category “Cold War”?
Antarctica
arms race
World War I

Hawaii
Soviet Union

Communism vs Democracy
United States

Iron Curtain
Revolutionary War

Antarctica, Soviet Union, Communism vs Democracy, United States, Iron Curtain

Arms race, Soviet Union, United States, WWI, Iron Curtain, Hawaii

WWI, Revolutionary War, Soviet Union, Communism vs Democracy, United States

Arms race, Soviet Union, Communism vs Democracy, United States, Iron Curtain

Just prior to the Civil War, as states began to secede from the Union, the governor of Austin, Texas, Sam Houston is quoted as saying,
“Let me tell you what is coming…Your fathers and husbands, your sons and brothers, will be herded at the point of the bayonet…You may, after the sacrifice of countless millions treasure and hundreds of thousands of lives, as a bare possibility, win Southern Independence… But I doubt it. I tell you that, while I believe with you in the doctrine of States Rights, the North is determined to preserve this Union.”
Ward, Geoffery., Ric Burns, & Ken Burns. (2009). The Civil War. New York: Albert A Knoff.

What does the Governor give as the belief of the Confederacy and the belief of the Union?

Confederacy believes in States Rights

The Union believes in preserving the Union

The Confederacy believes in Southern Independence, the North wants to free the slaves

The Confederacy believes in Southern Independence, the North wants to free the slaves

Both A and B

Put the following events in order: Sinking of the Lusitania, D-Day, Columbus sails, Declaration of Independence, Korean War, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

D-Day, Columbus, Korean War, Assassination, Declaration of Independence, Lusitania

Columbus, Korean War, Assassination, Declaration of Independence, Lusitania, D-Day

Korean War, Assassination, Columbus, Lusitania, Declaration of Independence, D-Day

Columbus, Declaration of Independence, Assassination, Lusitania, D-Day, Korean War

In Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, he declared:
“..And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God….” (January 1, 1863)
What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation, and how was this supported by the American democratic ideals?

The purpose was to go to war with against the Confederacy. It was supported by American democratic ideals because it worked to preserve the Union.

The purpose was to free the slaves. It was supported by American democratic ideals because it worked towards “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” of all men.

The purpose was to go to war against the Confederacy. It was supported by American democratic ideals because it freed the slaves.

The purpose was to free the slaves. It supported American democratic ideals because it gave the slaves the right to vote.

How many branches of government are there in the United States government, and what system do they operate on?

Three: Executive, Judicial, Legislative. They operate on a system of checks and balances.

Four: Executive, Judicial, Legislative, Presidential. They operate on a system of checks and balances.

Three: Executive, Judicial, Legislative. They operate on a system of first among equals.

Four: Executive, Judicial, Legislative, Presidential. They operate on a system of first among equals.

In John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address on January 20, 1961 he said:
“…And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you ”” ask what you can do for your country….My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man….Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own.”
In President Kennedy’s address, he is appealing to what?

Individual rights

Contain Communism

Civic responsibilities

Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Consider the following picture taken in the early 1900s in the United States and the picture following.
Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 9 exam questions 14. question
And this one of President Wilson surrounded by child laborers:
Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 9 exam questions 14. question
What event are these pictures most closely related to and why?

Civil War. Children were used in the North when the army was fighting in the South.

Industrial Revolution. The rise of technological advances moved people from farms to factories. Companies, wanting to make money, profited in an unregulated work environment that exploited the use of children as laborers.

Industrial Revolution. Children liked to play in the factories while their parent worked.

None of the above

Industrial Revolution. The rise of technological advances moved people from farms to factories. Companies, wanting to make money, profited in an unregulated work environment that exploited the use of children as laborers.

Read the following about WWII Victory Gardens:

As part of the war effort, the government rationed foods like sugar, butter, milk, cheese, eggs, coffee, meat and canned goods. Labor and transportation shortages made it hard to harvest and move fruits and vegetables to market. So, the government turned to its citizens and encouraged them to plant “Victory Gardens.” They wanted individuals to provide their own fruits and vegetables.

Nearly 20 million Americans answered the call. They planted gardens in backyards, empty lots and even city rooftops. Neighbors pooled their resources, planted different kinds of foods and formed cooperatives, all in the name of patriotism.

(Obtained October 2, 2013 from Wessel’s Living History Farm York, Nebraska

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 9 exam questions 15. question
What are some of the economic impacts of war stated above?

There are no economic impacts.

Labor and transportation shortages.

Rationed foods.

B. and C.

What were the economic reasons that drove early exploration and colonization?

Profit (gold, land, use of natural resources)

Fame (the need to be well-known throughout the globe)

Power (explorers and countries wanted to have the largest kingdoms)

None of the above

Clinton just opened his own cupcake business. He is trying to decide what the cost of each cupcake should be.
This example falls best under which category:

Macroeconomics

Microeconomics

The Great Depression in the United States:

Did not affect the economy

Had a great affect on the economy

Had a great affect on the economy and was the catalyst to put in place social programs that would forever change the United States economy.

Had a great affect on the economy and was the catalyst to get us into WWII.