Ged Social Studies Practice 3 - online test

When the U.S. Constitution was written, only white men (over the age of 21) of property were granted the right to vote. The following amendments addressed voting rights:


Fifteenth Amendment (1870): The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.


Nineteenth Amendment (1920): The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.


Twenty-fourth Amendment (1964): The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.


Twenty-sixth Amendment (1971): The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Which conclusion can be drawn from these amendments?

The United States has expanded voting rights.

The United States has expanded voting rights.

The United States has expanded voting rights.

The United States has expanded voting rights.

The amendments to the Constitution have consistently expanded voting rights beyond the narrow terms that were specified when the Constitution was established.

Which of these groups was the first to be granted the right to vote?

white men between 18 and 21 years old

white men between 18 and 21 years old

white men between 18 and 21 years old

white men between 18 and 21 years old

The Fifteenth Amendment was enacted in 1870, following the Civil War. Under its terms, states could no longer deny the right to vote on the basis of race. This amendment was enacted long before women or young people between the ages of 18 and 21 had the right to vote.

Which amendment removed restrictions that some states had been put in place to keep poor people, especially African Americans, from voting?

Fifteenth Amendment

Fifteenth Amendment

Fifteenth Amendment

Fifteenth Amendment

Under the Twenty-fourth Amendment, states could no longer require a poll tax, which some had used to deny the right to vote to African Americans and others who could not afford the tax.
The Hoover Dam

During the Great Depression, the U.S. government engaged in a number of public works programs as part of an effort to stimulate the economy and get people back to work. The Hoover Dam, which was built between 1931 and 1935, is one of the most important structures to come out of this effort. The Hoover Dam serves a number of important purposes. It helps control the flow of water, which protects areas downstream from flooding. The water is held back by the dam during the spring, when the river was once prone to flooding, and then releases it in the summer, when farmers need the water to irrigate their crops.


The Hoover Dam is also used to provide drinking water to people in the Southwest. In order to deliver the water to the area, an aqueduct was built to send water from the dam to the cities and towns. But the main benefit of the Hoover Dam is the production of hydroelectric power. A power plant at the base of the dam converts the energy of falling water into electricity.

Prior to the construction of the Hoover Dam, there was not enough drinking water to support the growing population of the Southwest.
This is an example of which of the following?

scarcity

scarcity

scarcity

scarcity

Scarcity occurs when there is a shortage of resources, such as water.

What is the greatest direct impact of a dam on the geography of a region?

It changes the depth of a river.

It changes the depth of a river.

It changes the depth of a river.

It changes the depth of a river.

As discussed in this passage, a dam stops river water from flowing and then releases water later.

Where is the BEST place to position a hydroelectric power plant?

in a desert

in a desert

in a desert

in a desert

Hydroelectric plants are generally built near waterways, where the energy from flowing water can be easily collected and converted to electricity.

Which inference about the Great Depression can you make from the excerpt?

The Great Depression lasted from 1931 to 1935.

The Great Depression lasted from 1931 to 1935.

The Great Depression lasted from 1931 to 1935.

The Great Depression lasted from 1931 to 1935.

The passage suggests that one of the reasons for the Hoover Dam project was to get people to work. The Great Depression was characterized by high unemployment rates.
This excerpt is from the Declaration of Independence.


We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.


That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.


Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.

Which fundamental idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

Governments derive their right to govern from the Creator.

Governments derive their right to govern from the Creator.

Governments derive their right to govern from the Creator.

Governments derive their right to govern from the Creator.

The Declaration of Independence declares that governments derive “their just powers from the consent of the governed.”

According to the Declaration of Independence, people have the right to alter or abolish a government that does which of the following?

raises taxes

raises taxes

raises taxes

raises taxes

The Declaration of Independence lists inalienable or natural rights that a government has no right to violate.
Federalism

As related to the U.S. government, federalism describes the relationship between the national, or federal, government and the states. Under federalism, state and national governments work together to enforce laws. Powers that are held by both the states and the federal government are called concurrent powers. When states and the national government both have power over the same issue, the Constitution says that federal law trumps state laws. According to the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, which was passed as part of the Bill of Rights, any powers that are not given to the national government belong to the states. These clauses form the basis of the relationship between the federal and state governments, but the relationship has shifted over the course of the nation’s history.


The most important challenge to federalism occurred with the Civil War. In the years preceding the war, some Americans argued that the Constitution derived its power from the states and states should have the power to make important decisions. In particular, many Southern leaders accused the federal government of encroaching on their decision-making rights. Eventually they decided to secede from the Union. President Abraham Lincoln and other Northerners disagreed. The Union's victory confirmed and strengthened the power of the federal government over the states. Globalization and the emergence of the United States as a world power have also contributed to the growing power of the federal government.

Which is an example of federalism?

Voters cast their votes for the state government.

Voters cast their votes for the state government.

Voters cast their votes for the state government.

Voters cast their votes for the state government.

This is an example of the federal and state governments working together. Federal funding provided to the states is one important aspect of the relationship between state and federal governments.

Which is an argument in favor of federalism?

It permits states to enact laws that discriminate against minorities.

It permits states to enact laws that discriminate against minorities.

It permits states to enact laws that discriminate against minorities.

It permits states to enact laws that discriminate against minorities.

Choice C is correct. The main advantage of federalism is that it provides consistency throughout the nation while allowing individual states to meet the particular needs and wants of their constituents, which may differ from one state to another.

This passage discusses two landmark Supreme Court cases:


In 1896 the Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Constitution that states had the right to pass and enforce laws segregating blacks and whites in public facilities. The case was brought by a man testing the law requiring segregated railway cars. The states used the “separate but equal” ruling in Plessy to segregate everything from railroad and bus terminals to public hospitals and schools.


In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” Citing studies showing that segregated schools had adverse effects on black schoolchildren, the Court declared that state laws establishing racially segregated public schools were unconstitutional.

Taken together, what do these ruling suggest about the Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court always focuses on protecting the rights of minorities.

The Supreme Court always focuses on protecting the rights of minorities.

The Supreme Court always focuses on protecting the rights of minorities.

The Supreme Court always focuses on protecting the rights of minorities.

In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court overturned the ruling that the Court had previously made in Plessy v. Ferguson. In the 1896 case, the Supreme Court had upheld the right of states to pass laws segregating blacks and whites; Brown v. Board of Education changed that ruling in light of new evidence.

This excerpt describes the basic ideas of Communism and Capitalism:


Communism is a socioeconomic system in which the government owns the means of production. It is based on the philosophy that people can achieve a greater good by working together as equals. One of the roles of a government in a Communist system is to make sure that everyone’s needs are met.


Capitalism is based on a system of free enterprise in which governments interfere with the economy as little as possible. Capitalists believe that competition leads to better ideas and that people should be allowed to make their own living.

With which statement would a Communist most likely agree?

You reap what you sow.

You reap what you sow.

You reap what you sow.

You reap what you sow.

In a Communist system, the government owns and operates the means of production and governs the distribution of goods and services. Ideally, this system operates according to the principle “From each according to his or her ability, to each according to his or her need.”