Ged Social Studies Practice 2 - online test

This excerpt is from the Declaration of Independence.


We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.


That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.


Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.

What was the purpose of the Fourteen Points?

to establish and maintain peace

to establish and maintain peace

to establish and maintain peace

to establish and maintain peace

As described in the excerpt, most of the provisions are related to establishing peace during World War I and maintaining that peace in subsequent years.

Wilson viewed the last of his Fourteen Points as the most important.
What organization evolved from this point?

the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

The United Nations—a body in which each country has representation—eventually grew out of Wilson’s proposal for a League of Nations.

What conclusion can be drawn about the implementation of the Fourteen Points?

Nondemocratic governments refused to support the Fourteen Points.

Nondemocratic governments refused to support the Fourteen Points.

Nondemocratic governments refused to support the Fourteen Points.

Nondemocratic governments refused to support the Fourteen Points.

As shown in the Fourteen Points chart, immediate war aims, such as the removal of occupying forces, proved easier to implement than broader goals.
Freedom of Speech

In a 1919 Supreme Court case, Schenk v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that the United States could limit free speech if the words represented a “clear and present danger.” Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote, “The most stringent [strictest] protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic."

What interpretation of the Bill of Rights does this illustrate?

The freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights are not absolute.

The freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights are not absolute.

The freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights are not absolute.

The freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights are not absolute.

The freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights are not absolute. Freedom of speech, for instance, does not extend to circumstances in which the words would endanger other people.
Types of Government

Absolute monarchy: a system in which a king or queen inherits the throne and makes all decisions


Constitutional monarchy: a system in which a king or queen is the head of state, but decisions are made by representatives elected by the citizens


Dictatorship: a system in which one leader makes all decisions without accountability to the citizenry


Direct democracy: a system in which decisions are made by a vote of all eligible citizens


Military junta: a system in which a small group of military leaders make decisions with no accountability to the citizenry


Representative democracy: a system in which citizens elect representatives who make decisions

Which of the following is an example of representative democracy?

A popular leader who was elected to power declares herself president for life.

A popular leader who was elected to power declares herself president for life.

A popular leader who was elected to power declares herself president for life.

A popular leader who was elected to power declares herself president for life.

This is an example of a representative democracy. Each grade elects a representative, and those representatives will make decisions about the dance.

“Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
—Lord Acton, British historian
Based on this quotation, Lord Acton would most likely support which form of government?

absolute monarchy

absolute monarchy

absolute monarchy

absolute monarchy

In a democracy, power is shared among the people and their representatives. The other three choices are types of governments in which one person or one limited group holds power.

The United States has laws that protect people from discrimination in housing. Laws prohibit landlords from using race or gender as a criterion for renting an apartment or home. Landlords are allowed to review a person’s financial situation to ensure that a renter will be able to pay.

Based on the passage, which of the following situations would be a justifiable basis for turning down an applicant for a new apartment?

credit history

credit history

credit history

credit history

A person’s credit history is tied to his or her ability to pay. Laws allow a landlord to deny an applicant if past history suggests that the applicant may not pay the rent.

The Aqualux company created a fabric that allows for better flotation when swimming. As a result, it has become the brand of choice for Olympic swimmers. However, another company has patented a newer fabric that performs even better.
Based on the laws of supply and demand, when the swimsuit made from the newer fabric hits the market, which of the following will MOST LIKELY occur?

Aqualux will go out of business.

Aqualux will go out of business.

Aqualux will go out of business.

Aqualux will go out of business.

Another supplier means more supply in the market, which drives down the price. To compete with the new supplier, Aqualux will most likely have to lower its price.
Checks and Balances

The Founding Fathers divided the U.S. government into three branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. To make sure that no one branch became too powerful, the framers of the U.S. Constitution implemented a system of checks and balances whereby each of the three branches can limit the powers of the others.

Which is NOT an example of these checks and balances?

The president can veto a bill passed by Congress.

The president can veto a bill passed by Congress.

The president can veto a bill passed by Congress.

The president can veto a bill passed by Congress.

A state legislature’s action is not a check on the power of any of the branches of the federal government. The state legislature is not part of the federal government. The division of powers between the national and state governments is called federalism.

What does the system of checks and balances suggest about the view of the Founding Fathers toward government?

They wanted a large government with many officeholders.

They wanted a large government with many officeholders.

They wanted a large government with many officeholders.

They wanted a large government with many officeholders.

Having experienced British colonial administration, the Founding Fathers were suspicious of a powerful government. The system of checks and balances was a tool for ensuring that no one person or group would have too much power.

The passage below is incomplete. Choose the option that correctly completes the sentence.
In the case of presidential misconduct, the House of Representatives can impeach the president. If a majority of the members of the House of Representatives vote for impeachment, the Senate then conducts an impeachment trial. If a majority of the Senate finds the president guilty of misconduct, the president may be removed from office. This is an example of a check of the ________.

executive branch on the judicial branch

executive branch on the judicial branch

executive branch on the judicial branch

executive branch on the judicial branch

In this example, Congress (the legislative branch) is checking the power of the president (a member of the executive branch).
World War I

On April 6, 1917, the United States formally entered World War I—or the Great War as it was known at the time. The United States had tried to maintain its neutrality in the midst of the war in Europe, but German mines damaged or sank several U.S. ships traveling to Britain, a close trading partner of the United States. German U-boats also inflicted damage. On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat torpedoed the Lusitania, a British-owned ocean liner, killing 1201 civilians on board. Germany promised to give warning before sinking unarmed vessels, but it reversed this policy in February 1917. The subsequent sinking of merchant ships was among the things that drew the United States into the war.


Until this point, World War I was primarily a war among European nations. The precipitating event occurred on June 28, 1914, when a Serbian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia a month later. Russia had a mutual defense agreement with Serbia. When Russia began to mobilize its troops, Germany (an ally of Austria-Hungary) declared war on Russia. Soon, other European nations were embroiled in the war, which divided into two armed camps: the Central Powers, made up initially of Germany and Austria-Hungary, versus the Allied Powers, which were initially France, Russia, and Great Britain. Italy had been allied with Germany and Austria-Hungary prior to World War I, but it—along with Japan and several other nations—joined the Allied Powers. The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria, on the other hand, joined Germany and Austria. By the end of the war, a total of 30 countries had become involved in the conflict.


The main combatants signed an armistice, bringing an end to the fighting on November 11, 1918. In January 1919, an international meeting was held at Versailles, France, to establish a peace treaty.

Which of the following was NOT a U.S.ally in World War I?

Great Britain

Great Britain

Great Britain

Great Britain

Choice B is correct. In declaring war on Germany, the United States joined the Allied Powers. Bulgaria was one of the Central Powers and was allied with Germany.

Choose the letter that shows the World War I events in the order in which they occurred.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia.
The Lusitania is sunk.
The United States enters the war.
The Treaty of Versailles is signed.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia.
The Lusitania is sunk.
The United States enters the war.
The Treaty of Versailles is signed.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia.
The Lusitania is sunk.
The United States enters the war.
The Treaty of Versailles is signed.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia.
The Lusitania is sunk.
The United States enters the war.
The Treaty of Versailles is signed.

Option A is correct.
  1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated.
  2. Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
  3. Germany declares war on Russia.
  4. The Lusitania is sunk.
  5. The United States enters the war.
  6. The Treaty of Versailles is signed.

The precipitating event for World War I was the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. Russia began mobilizing its troops, causing Austria’s ally Germany to declare war on Russia. A German U-boat sank the Lusitania in 1915; the United States did not enter the war until April 1917, just 19 months before the war ended with an armistice. Peace terms were set in 1919 in the Treaty of Versailles.