Ged Social Studies Practice 1 - online test

Where was the Constitution signed?

New York

Philadelphia

Washington

Virginia

The Constitution was written and signed in Philadelphia in the Assembly Room of the Pennsylvania State House, now known as Independence Hall.

The Supreme Court uses the interpretation of what document as a guide in court decisions?

Declaration of Independence

Social Security Act

Bill of Rights

U.S. Constitution

The Supreme Court only takes cases from state courts when the appeal involves the U.S. Constitution.

Which level of government regulates drivers’ licenses?

state

county

municipal

federal

State governments regulate drivers’ licenses so that license requirements are the same throughout each state.

What is an amendment?

the right to vote

U.S diploma

a change to the Constitution

a promotion strategy

An amendment is a change to the Constitution.

According to the Constitution, how often must the United States take a census?

Every 3 years

Every year

Every 20 years

Every 10 years

The U.S. Census counts every resident in the United States and takes place every 10 years.

Census data is used to determine ...

school districts and how to distribute federal funds for education and transportation

how many senators a state elects

It's not clear

It depends

Census data is used to determine school districts and how to distribute federal funds for education and transportation.

How many states must approve an amendment to the Constitution?

35%

50%

75%

100%

Three-fourths (75%) of the states must affirm the proposed Amendment.

Cold weather in Florida has damaged this year’s orange crop. Farmers have only half of the usual amount of oranges to sell.
What will happen to the price of oranges?

The price will go down

Nothing changes

It depends

The price will go up

When there is a shortage the price will usually rise, so the price of oranges will go up.

What is the lowest point in the United States?

Mississippi River

San Andres Fault

Death Valley

It depends

Death Valley is the lowest point in the United States.

What is it called when the President rejects a bill proposed by congress?

veto

pardon

amendment

unconstitutional law

The power of the President to refuse to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevent its enactment into law is the veto.

The Constitution uses the idea of a ... legislature, meaning that it has two branches

it depends

congressional

dual

bicameral

The term “bicameral legislature” refers to any lawmaking body of government that consists of two separate houses or chambers, such as the House of Representatives and the Senate that make up the United States Congress.
Both of these passages are excerpts from speeches given by the same man, Frederick Douglass, but they were given approximately 24 years apart. Passage 1: What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? Given in 1852 at a Fourth of July celebration "Fellow-citizens; above your national, tumultuous joy, I hear the mournful wail of millions! whose chains, heavy and grievous yesterday, are, to-day, rendered more intolerable by the jubilee shouts that reach them. If I do forget, if I do not faithfully remember those bleeding children of sorrow this day, "may my right hand forget her cunning, and may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth!" To forget them, to pass lightly over their wrongs, and to chime in with the popular theme, would be treason most scandalous and shocking, and would make me a reproach before God and the world. My subject, then fellow-citizens, is AMERICAN SLAVERY. I shall see, this day, and its popular characteristics, from the slave's point of view. Standing, there, identified with the American bondman, making his wrongs mine, I do not hesitate to declare, with all my soul, that the character and conduct of this nation never looked blacker to me than on this 4th of July! Whether we turn to the declarations of the past, or to the professions of the present, the conduct of the nation seems equally hideous and revolting. America is false to the past, false to the present, and solemnly binds herself to be false to the future. Standing with God and the crushed and bleeding slave on this occasion, I will, in the name of humanity which is outraged, in the name of liberty which is fettered, in the name of the constitution and the Bible, which are disregarded and trampled upon, dare to call in question and to denounce, with all the emphasis I can command, everything that serves to perpetuate slavery — the great sin and shame of America! "I will not equivocate; I will not excuse;" I will use the severest language I can command; and yet not one word shall escape me that any man, whose judgment is not blinded by prejudice, or who is not at heart a slaveholder, shall not confess to be right and just." Passage 2: Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln Given in 1876 at the Unveiling of The Freedmen's Monument in Lincoln Park, Washington, D.C. "Few facts could better illustrate the vast and wonderful change which has taken place in our condition as a people than the fact of our assembling here for the purpose we have today. Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago. The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy in some dark and distant parts of our country, would have made our assembling here the signal and excuse for opening upon us all the flood-gates of wrath and violence. That we are here in peace today is a compliment and a credit to American civilization, and a prophecy of still greater national enlightenment and progress in the future. I refer to the past not in malice, for this is no day for malice; but simply to place more distinctly in front the gratifying and glorious change which has come both to our white fellow-citizens and ourselves, and to congratulate all upon the contrast between now and then; the new dispensation of freedom with its thousand blessings to both races, and the old dispensation of slavery with its ten thousand evils to both races — white and black. In view, then, of the past, the present, and the future, with the long and dark history of our bondage behind us, and with liberty, progress, and enlightenment before us, I again congratulate you upon this auspicious day and hour."

The difference between the two passages, in tone and content, can best be attributed to which historical event that occurred during the years between them?

World War I

The Revolutionary War

The Emancipation Proclamation

The Declaration of Independence

This was the document that freed the slaves, enacted by Abraham Lincoln. Freedom from slavery was what Douglass was seeking in passage 1 and what he was praising in passage 2. Also, the events in the other answer choices did not occur during the 24 years between the two speeches.

Which statement best describes the significance of the Mayflower Compact on colonial America?

It provided the Pilgrims the first written basis for laws in the New World.

It established Puritanism as the official religion for Puritan colonies.

It served as a blueprint for the later Bill of Rights.

It declared that the colonists were independent from King James.

The male passengers of the Mayflower signed the Compact after a disagreement regarding where in the Americas they should establish a colony. The Compact served as a written basis for laws in their subsequent colony. Because the Mayflower Compact did not list particular rights, it is not best understood as a blueprint for the Bill of Rights. Though the Compact did in part serve as a basis for government, it did not declare independence from King James; its last line, for example, specifically refers to King James as the writers' sovereign. Finally, although the Mayflower Compact does include religious language, it is a brief document that does not detail, defend, or establish as official any particular religious doctrine, including Puritan religious doctrine.
The Gettysburg Address "Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us–that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion–that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth."

According to the context clues, which of these is the best definition of the word "consecrated" as used in the Gettysburg Address?

desecrated

tarnished

defiled

blessed

The word blessed is the only word that fits into the context where the word "consecrated" is used. All of the other choices are opposite in meaning.

Which statement best describes how the 1944 passage of the G.I. Bill most influenced U.S.society?

It transformed the work force by privileging veterans.

It helped create a new middle class in U.S. society.

It offered limited free housing for veterans.

It dramatically increased retention in the U.S. military.

The 1944 G.I. Bill offered several significant benefits for U.S. U.S. veterans. These included economic assistance for veterans to attend college, mortgage subsidies, and unemployment benefits. Over a million veterans took advantage of the opportunity to attend college, and many homes were built with support provided by the G.I. Bill. This increase in home ownership and the availability of higher education contributed to the creation of a new middle class. The Bill did not offer veterans specific incentives for staying in the military after World War II. It did not offer free housing for veterans. Finally the Bill did not privilege veterans in the work force.

"Harmless, beautiful, proper, and praiseworthy as this demonstration is, I cannot forget that no such demonstration would have been tolerated here twenty years ago." Douglass uses this statement, the second sentence in passage 2, to emphasize _________.

the size and exuberance of the crowd present for the ceremony

the harmless nature of the ceremony, in terms of historical significance

the beautiful nature of the ceremony and the monument it honored

the changes in attitude toward slavery in the previous twenty years

With this statement, Douglass reminds the crowd that, without the major attitude changes toward slavery that had occurred among the American people in the past twenty years, the ceremony would not be possible.

"The spirit of slavery and barbarism, which still lingers to blight and destroy" As used in this sentence, the word "spirit" most nearly means ________

harmony

principle

secret movement

religious idol

While the word spirit can mean several things, in this instance it is used to refer to a "principle" and the attitudes surrounding the adherence to that principle.

The United States fought North Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s primarily to:

spread democracy modeled on the U.S. system.

prevent the spread of communism.

demonstrate U.S. power to the Soviet Union.

protect U.S. trade interests in Southeast Asia.

During the Vietnam War, a central aim of the United States was to prevent the spread of communism. At the time of the war, North Vietnamese communist forces threatened South Vietnam, and the United States came to the aid of the South Vietnamese government. The Domino Theory of communism held that one nation's conversion to communism was likely to lead to other nations in that region also converting to communism. The aim of the United States was essentially negative (to stop communism) rather than positive (to implement a specific kind of democracy).

According to Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, which of these statements describes why President Lincoln feels the memorial is for the living rather than the dead?

Those that are alive will always remember the fallen soldiers.

Those that are alive must be reminded to continue to work for the cause that killed the soldiers.

Those that are alive can see how many actually died in the War.

Those that are alive need a place to come and see their loved ones.

Lincoln makes it clear that we must be dedicated to finishing the cause for which the fallen had died. This is the only way their deaths will not be in vain. While it is true that those alive need to see how many perished, and that we all need a place to see our loved ones that have passed, Lincoln's message is clear that this needs to be an occasion to motivate further action.

Some American colonists reacted angrily to Great Britain's Navigation Acts in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries primarily because

the Acts restricted manufacturing in the colonies.

the Acts placed high taxes on the cost of shipping goods to Britain.

the Acts gave the British a monopoly on tobacco.

the Acts forced the colonists to buy sugar from the French West Indies.

The Navigation Acts in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries restricted commercial activity in the American colonies and resulted in the constraint of manufacturing. The Acts were a logical extension of British mercantilism, a view according to which the colonies existed primarily to benefit Great Britain. One Navigation Act forced the colonists to buy more expensive sugar from the British West Indies, rather than the French West Indies. A positive result of the Navigation Acts was giving the American colonists a monopoly on tobacco by restricting tobacco production in Great Britain itself. The Acts did not place a tax on shipping goods to Great Britain.

Which list is in the correct chronological order?

First moon landing, Great Depression, Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War, Great Depression, first moon landing

Revolutionary War, first moon landing, Great Depression

Great Depression, Revolutionary War, first moon landing

The correct order is Revolutionary War (1776-1783), Great Depression (1929), first moon landing (1969).

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 22 questionWhat is the main point the cartoonist is trying to make?

(A)Republicans and Democrats are working together to help the economy.

(B)Elections determine which party Democratic or Republican decides how to rescue the economy.

(C)Republicans and Democrats are fighting with each other for political advantage rather than working together to help the economy.

(D)A third party should arise to save the economy while the Democrats and Republicans bicker.

Answers (A) state viewpoints contrary to the cartoonist’s opinion. The cartoon doesn’t contain anything about a third party (D) or elections (B).
Napoleon, emperor of France (1804–1814), and Hitler, dictator of Germany (1934–1945), both led their countries in wartime to conquer nearly all of Europe. But neither was able to end British naval dominance or completely defeat the Russian army. Both Hitler and Napoleon made the mistake of invading Russia. Although they won victories and reached or occupied Moscow, both lost most of their armies due to the vicious fighting and harsh Russian winter. Napoleon was finally defeated in 1815 and exiled to a remote Atlantic island where he died. Hitler committed suicide in 1945 as the Russian army entered Berlin. Napoleon is honored in France and regarded everywhere as one of the world’s great political and military leaders, but Hitler is almost universally associated with absolute evil. Hitler is known for the Holocaust, the mass murder of 11 to 14 million people, including two thirds of Europe’s Jews as well as large numbers of Poles, political opponents, homosexuals, and others. Napoleon, on the other hand, is honored both for his military genius and helping lead Europe into the modern age. He freed serfs; spread the idea of nationalism; and established a fair, written code of law (the Napoleonic Code), which still forms the basic law for about a quarter of the world’s nations.

According to the passage, what was a major cause of both Napoleon’s and Hitler’s eventual downfalls?

(D)Both Hitler and Napoleon decided to invade Russia.

(A)Neither Hitler nor Napoleon was well educated.

(B)They were both excellent military strategists.

(C)Both Hitler and Napoleon wanted to end British naval dominance.

The armies of both Napoleon and Hitler were severely weakened by their invasions of Russia, contributing to their eventual defeats. The reading doesn’t give information about their education (A). Their strengths as in military strategists (B) facilitated their conquests of most of Europe; it was not a cause of their downfalls. Both wanted to end British military superiority (and failed to achieve this goal), but trying to end British naval dominance (C) wasn’t a direct cause of their downfalls.
Vertical farming could revolutionize our concept of where food should be grown. Soon a farm inside an abandoned eight-story office building in Manchester, England, will join vertical farms already operating in Kyoto, Seoul, Chicago, and Seattle. The produce market at street level will be filled with lettuce, tomatoes, strawberries, and other fruits and vegetables grown year-round on the floors above. While organic farming strives to take agriculture backward in time, vertical farming attempts to adapt farming to the modern urbanized world. Crops are grown in a nutrient-rich solution under artificial lighting in a sealed environment that requires no pesticides. Using these methods, vertical farming produces six times the yield as the same crops grown outdoors. Furthermore, while half of fruits and vegetables grown outdoors are never eaten (due to droughts, floods, insects, spoilage, shipping damage, etc.), there is no such loss with vertical farming. From an environmental perspective, vertical farming ends the toxic runoff of pesticides and fertilizers, eliminates transportation costs and pollution, reduces pressure on world water supplies, and slows deforestation. Increasingly, vertical farming is being viewed as part of the solution for feeding the planet’s growing population.

Which of the following is an effect of vertical farming?

Increased use of pesticides

Fresher fruits and vegetables year-round in cities

Increased transportation costs

Lower yields than when food is grown using natural sunlight

Vertical farming would result in fresher fruits and vegetables in cities year-round. Vertical farming, compared to traditional farming, would decrease the use of pesticides ,decrease transportation costs , increase yields

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 25 questionIn which countries shown in the table are the people on average better off economically than Americans?

China

Norway

Norway and Switzerland

Norway, Switzerland, and Australia

According to the data, per capita GDP is higher in Norway, Switzerland, and Australia than in the United States.
Following the Supreme Court’s ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954), 96 congressmen from the South signed the following declaration: We regard the decision of the Supreme Court in the school cases as clear abuse of judicial power. It climaxes a trend in the Federal judiciary undertaking to legislate, in derogation of the authority of Congress, and to encroach upon the reserved rights of the states and the people. The original Constitution does not mention education. Neither does the Fourteenth Amendment nor any other amendment. The debates preceding the submission of the Fourteenth Amendment clearly show that there was no intent that it should affect the systems of education maintained by the states.

Which statement correctly states the main point of the argument made by the 96 congressmen?

(D)The federal government does not have the power to get involved in education, which is a matter the Constitution leaves to the states.

(A)The racial integration of schools is not required by the Constitution.

(B)States should disobey the Supreme Court decision because it violates the Constitution.

(C)The Fourteenth Amendment should be repealed.

Their argument is one of states’ rights that holds that the federal government has no authority to get involved in education. Although Brown v. Board of Education required public school integration, the 96 congressmen avoid arguing the case for or against racial integration (A) much as Southerners during the Civil War period tried to make states’ rights the issue rather than slavery. The congressmen do not go so far as to say states should disobey the Supreme Court decision (B) or that the Fourteenth Amendment should be repealed (C).

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 27 questionWhich statement is supported by the information shown in the graph?

(A)At the beginning of the Civil War, the North and South each had about the same population.

(B)Having more slaves gave the South an advantage in the Civil War.

(C)At the beginning of the Civil War, the South had slaves and the North did not.

(D)At the beginning of the Civil War, nearly all firearms manufactured in the United States were produced in the North.

The bar graph shows that at the beginning of the Civil War, 95 percent of firearms manufactured in the United States were produced in the North. Answers (A) and (C) are contradicted by the information shown in the graph. Answer (B) correctly states that the South had more slaves, but no information in the graph indicates this was an advantage for the South. In fact, slavery didn’t help the South’s war effort; slaves could not be relied upon to fight for the South, and many ran away and joined the Union army.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 28 questionRefer to the following political cartoon published in 1778 by a British newspaper during the American Revolution: In the cartoon, who or what does the rider of the horse stand for?

The 13 colonies in rebellion against the British king

The British government

George Washington

The Americans as a whole

The American colonies (the horse) were rebelling to try to throw off their master, which was the British government.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 29 questionIf Social Security payments were increased without any change in taxes or in other federal spending, which one of the following would be expected as a result?

(C)Production would increase, and the economy would grow.

(A)Unemployment would increase.

(B)Prices would move downward.

(D)Consumer spending would drop.

Increasing Social Security payments would give more money to seniors and other Social Security recipients. This would increase consumer spending, which would have the effect of encouraging businesses to hire more people to produce more goods and services to meet the increased demand. This would increase production, and the economy would grow. Thus, answers (A) and (D) are incorrect. The increased consumer spending would increase the demand for goods and services and push prices upward rather than downward (B). But note that this increase would be offset in part by the increased taxes the government would get from the growth in business profits and from the income taxes generated by higher employment levels.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 30 questionWhich statement is best supported by the evidence in the graph?

(D)For the time period shown in the graph, the balance of trade deficit was the smallest in 2009.

(A)The United States had a balance of trade surplus in all years shown in the graph.

(B)With the recession in 2009, the U.S. balance of trade deficit increased.

(C)U.S. international trade increased every year between 2003 and 2010.

According to the graph, there was a balance of trade deficit in all years, making answers (A) incorrect. The gap between imports and exports was smallest in 2009, making answer (D) correct and (B) incorrect. International trade is the sum of imports and exports. In general, international trade increased during the time period shown in the graph, but in 2009 it decreased, making answer (C) incorrect.
Socialism was in decline even before the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1992 brought an end to its government-run economy. Well before that event, China, the world’s most populous socialist country, started economic reforms that broke up communal farms and encouraged free enterprise. And after the free market economies of four “Asian Tigers” (South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong) demonstrated “miracle” economic growth (1960–1990), most of the developing world started emulating them rather than socialist models. Even Western European countries have backed away from socialism and returned many government-run industries to private ownership. Today, only a handful of countries remain deeply committed to socialism and opposed to capitalism. But should socialism die? If you value economic growth, capitalism wins hands down. But if you value an equitable distribution of wealth, the revival of a more socialistic approach with more government involvement may be a better alternative. The situation in which the rich get richer and the poor remain poor now characterizes most market economies, from Russia to India to the United States. In the United States, the median family income level was in decline for years even before the real estate bubble burst and recession set in. Workers in the United States earn lower wages, have less job security, work longer hours, and have less health coverage than before. Allowing the economy to operate without government controls serves the rich but not the majority of the people. At some point, the government should step in to the economic system to ensure the benefits flow not just to business owners but to the workers as well.

Which statement best summarizes the author’s argument?

(A)Socialism should replace capitalism so wealth is more equitably distributed.

(B)Capitalism is better than socialism because it’s better at generating economic growth.

(C)Capitalism is good for economic growth, but the government should intervene to ensure wealth is distributed fairly.

Both capitalism and socialism should be replaced with a better system. The best summary of the position the author is taking is (C). Answer (A) goes further than the author, who says only that the government should intervene to regulate a capitalistic system so the wealth doesn’t disproportionately go to the rich.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 32 questionAccording to the first pie chart, about what percentage of the federal budget involves discretionary spending?

19 percent

20 percent

45 percent

39 percent

Discretionary spending is what’s left after interest on the national debt and mandatory spending is taken out. Programs like Social Security and Medicare involve mandatory spending because these payments to individuals are required by law. Using the pie chart, you would add defense spending and other discretionary spending to get 39 percent.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 33 questionWhich of the following is a statement of fact rather than an opinion or value judgment?

(B)The British government should have given the colonies more freedom.

(C)The American colonies were rebelling against an unjust British government that denied them their rights.

(D)King George V was not a good ruler.

(A)The British army found it difficult to subdue the American colonies and end the rebellion.

It is a factual statement that the British found it difficult to end the American rebellion. Words such as should (B), unjust (C), and good (D) imply value judgments or opinions.

Which statement is a fact the author uses to support her argument?

Socialism is in decline.

The average American worker’s salary and benefits are declining, while the rich get richer.

The government-controlled economy of the Soviet Union was a failure and collapsed.

Capitalism is an efficient system for economic growth.

The author uses the fact that the average American worker’s salary and benefits are declining while the rich get richer to make her case that the government should intervene to ensure that workers get their fair share of the wealth. The facts in (A) and (B) provide background information but are basically unrelated to the author’s position on the role of government. The author agrees with (C), but this statement isn’t used to support her main argument that government should intervene in the economy.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 35 questionWhat assumption is the cartoonist making?

(B)Readers already know the elephant stands for the Republican Party and the donkey for the Democratic Party.

(A)Readers already know the elephant stands for the president and the donkey for Congress.

(C)Readers already know the economy is sinking.

(D)Readers already know the human hand stands for the economy.

The cartoonist assumes readers know that the elephant and donkey stand for the Democratic and Republican parties. The parties are pulling in opposite directions rather than working together .

What is the main difference between a direct democracy and a representative democracy?

Direct democracy is small, while representative is large.

Direct democracy utilizes state government primarily, while representative utilizes federal government primarily.

Direct democracy means citizens form a consensus on items directly, while representative uses individuals to represent a larger group.

Direct democracy means politicians speak directly to people, while representative democracy involves using representatives to speak.

The words direct and representative are used to describe the people, not the government entity. While direct could mean small, and representative large, this answer is ambiguous and does not clearly identify what, exactly, is small and what is large. Direct democracy does not focus on state's rights, but uses citizen consensus directly, and representative does not focus on federal government, but on representatives to speak for citizens.
By the President of the United States of America: A Proclamation. Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit: "That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom. "That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States." Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit: Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued. And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons. And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages. And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service. And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.

At its inception, the Emancipation Proclamation was met _______.

with acclaim from the North and derision from the South

with acclaim from the South and derision from the North

with widespread derision from both the North and the South

with widespread accolades from both the North and the South

The North was largely in agreement with the Proclamation, while the South was strongly opposed; the Proclamation espoused the desires of the North as a whole, while mostly opposing the desires of the South.

What role did the Treaty of Versailles play in World War I?

It instigated a feud between the Allied powers.

It created a precedent for ending war.

It declared the war over between Germany and the Allied Powers.

It declared war on Germany from the Allied Powers.

As the name suggests, the Treaty declared the war over. It did not instigate or declare war, nor did it create a precedent for ending war; many wars had ended before this, without this treaty to use as an example.

The basic components of the Watergate scandal were _________.

wiretapping, conspiracy, burglary, and illegal funding

wiretapping, conspiracy, and leaking government secrets

stealing war documents and leaking government secrets

conspiring to assassinate and conspiring to overthrow

While the scandal did include wiretapping and conspiracy, it did not intend to leak government secrets, steal war documents, or conspire to assassinate. Instead, it was intended to learn more about the opponents to gain a greater chance of election and gain favor.

Which is a constitutional requirement to run for Congress?

at least 21 years old

at least 25 years old

U.S. permanent resident

U.S. citizen

U.S. citizenship is required to be a member of both chambers of Congress

How many representatives are in the United States Senate?

100

50

1200

500

Each state has two representatives to the United States Senate.

Who has veto power?

Vice President

Congress

President

Secretary of State

The power of the President to refuse to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevent its enactment into law is the veto.

Which of the following is a definition of economic specialization?

the ability to adapt to new economic policy

the concentration of productivity in a specific area

the ability to make large sums of money in a short period of time

It depends

Specialization is when a nation or individual concentrates its productive efforts on producing a limited variety of goods.

The desire to own something and the ability to pay for it.

supply

demand

income

revenue

Demand is the desire to own something and the ability to pay for it.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects American citizens against:

Discrimination

Identify theft

Double jeopardy

Self-incrimination

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects American citizens against discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin in the workplace.

A presidential candidate can be elected even if he loses the popular vote.

False

True

It depends

I don't know.

A presidential candidate can be elected even if he loses the popular vote.

What is the name for a change or addition to the Constitution?

It depends

Ratification

Veto

Amendment

A constitutional amendment is a modification of the constitution of a polity, organization or another type of entity.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 48 questionAccording to the map, which of these statements is not true?

The western states are more mountainous than the eastern states.

The distance on this map is interpreted in miles.

Of the western states, California has a smaller percentage of mountainous areas than the states around it.

There are no mountainous areas in the eastern coastal states.

There are a few mountainous areas in the eastern coastal states, indicated by the color code of dark green, in Virginia, and along the North Carolina border. Therefore, to say there are "no mountainous areas in the eastern coastal states" is not true. There are, however, many more mountainous areas in the western states. California appears to have a smaller percentage of land covered by mountains than its bordering states. The lower right-hand side of the map shows interpretation of distance using either kilometers or miles.

What effect did the Industrial Revolution have on scientific discovery in America?

The Industrial Revolution brought more interest in utility and practicality, driving minds more toward science than religion.

The Industrial Revolution pushed men and women further from science and toward religious duties.

The Industrial Revolution had little to no effect on scientific discovery in America; the two are not related.

The Industrial Revolution fueled interest in science due to the advent of farming utilities.

The Industrial Revolution did have an effect on scientific discovery, as it brought interest in utility and practicality–further driving scientific discovery and investigation. This was not solely due to the advent of farming utilities, and it did not prompt a renewed interest in religion while moving away from science.
The Antarctic Plate and the Pacific Plate are two of the largest tectonic plates on Earth. They are also shifting constantly. As they shift, they sometimes interact with each other by sliding into each other.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 50 questionAccording to the map "Original Thirteen Colonies," which of these is NOT true?

The map is showing all of the current state names.

The original thirteen colonies were settled along the West Coast.

Rhode Island is the smallest of the original thirteen colonies.

The colonies in the South occupied more land mass than those in the North.

This question requires the reader to know what the directions are on a map. Typically, maps will provide a compass illustration for you, but be prepared for those that do not. Without exception, all of the thirteen original colonies were along the Eastern Coast. All of the other statements are true.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 51 questionBoth interest groups and political parties are likely to:

(A)Raise money for candidates running for office

(B)Try to get all the candidates from one political party elected

(C)Try to influence the policy-making process of the federal government

(D)Recruit candidates to run for office

Both political parties and interest groups raise money for candidates running for office. Political parties try to get all their candidates elected (B), but interest groups only help candidates (from either party) who support their political goals. Only interest groups try to influence the policy-making process of the federal government (C) . Only political parties take an active role in recruiting candidates to run for office (D).

A system of mountains in eastern North America Which region is it?

Appalachian Mountains

It's not clear

Rocky Mountains

Pacific West

The Appalachian Mountains, often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America

Which factor restricts voting in the United States?

Race

Age

Wealth

It's not clear

Today, the voting age is 18 years.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 54 questionWhat statement best summarizes the information shown on this map?

(A)European domination of Africa was immoral because it violated the principle of self-determination.

(B)Europeans took African lands to gain access to the slaves they needed in the New World.

(D)European countries divided nearly all of Africa and made these regions colonies in their empires.

(C)Britain and France got more than their fair share of Africa.

The map shows the facts of how the Europeans divided Africa. Because only facts are presented, you can eliminate (A) and (C), which contain value judgments about morality and fairness. Nothing on the map makes any reference to slavery (B). In fact, by 1914, the slave trade and slavery had ended; Brazil was the last country to free its slaves (1888).
The beginning of the Declaration of Independence:
When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another … a decent respect for the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ….

The primary reason this passage was written was to:

(A)Make the case that people have God-given rights

(B)Reform the British government

(D)Justify the position of the colonists that they need to set up their own independent government

(C)State new theories developed by American philosophers on the nature of government

The first sentence states the purpose of the document: to explain why the colonists are revolting and want to set up their own country. The document does state the belief in God-given rights (A), but this is only in the context of explaining why they are revolting. The ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence (C) came from European theorists (chiefly John Locke), not Americans.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 56 questionWhich statement provides the best general conclusion that can be made from the table as a whole?

(D)Not all deserts have the same climate.

(A)Deserts are always sparsely populated areas.

(B)Deserts around the world look about the same.

(C)Most of the world’s deserts are in Africa.

You can conclude from the table that not all deserts have the same climate; in fact, the difference in climate between Antarctica, the coldest continent, and the Sahara, where the world’s hottest temperatures have been recorded, is stunning. This contrast makes answer (B) incorrect. The table does not have information on population density, so it would not be logical to draw the conclusion that deserts are sparsely populated based on this table. In fact, some areas of deserts, like the Nile River Valley, are among the most densely populated areas of the world. The table has information about five deserts (two of which are in Africa), but not about most of the world’s deserts, so it is impossible to make conclusions about most deserts from this table.

Minoan civilization, centered in Crete, was the earliest civilization based on trade rather than agriculture. Unlike other early civilizations, the Minoans did not have an agricultural surplus produced by irrigation. Instead, Minoan cities were supported by trade conducted by ships that carried cargo on the Mediterranean Sea.
The author of this passage implies that:

(A)Minoans developed wine-making rather than the production of food crops.

(B)Trade allows countries to specialize in the products they can produce best.

(D)Minoans obtained at least some of their food from trade rather than growing it all themselves.

(C)Minoans did not eat as well as other early civilizations.

Something implied is something not specifically stated but strongly suggested by what the author does state. Because the author says Minoan civilization was based on trade rather than agriculture, the implication is that at least some of their food was obtained through trade. The author doesn’t imply anything about wine-making because it was a subject not addressed in the passage. Answers (B) is specifically stated rather than implied. The author doesn’t seem to be suggesting that the Minoans didn’t eat well (C); in fact, because of their trade, they may have had access to more different types of foods than other early civilizations.

Identify the term that links the groups below.
Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman, William Garrison, Uncle Tom's Cabin

American Imperialism

Abolitionist Movement

I don't know

Women's Suffrage

All these terms: Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman, William Garrison, Uncle Tom's Cabin are related to the Abolitionist Movement.

Who became the commander of the Confederate army of northern Virginia at the beginning of the Civil War?

Abraham Lincoln

Jefferson Davis

Robert E. Lee

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

Robert E. Lee declined Lincoln's offer to command the U.S. Army at the outbreak of the Civil War. He instead chose to become the commander of the Confederate army of northern Virginia. In the final phases of the war, he was the commander of all Confederate forces.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 60 questionWhich conclusion is supported by information presented in the graph?

Most independents usually vote for Republican candidates, giving Democrats and Republicans about an equal chance of winning.

Independents comprise less than 10 percent of American voters.

The breakdown of Americans who identify with each political party did not change much between 1984 and 2008.

The Democratic Party is about the same size as the Republican Party.

The graph provides supporting evidence for the statement that the breakdown of Americans by political party did not change much. The graph doesn’t give any information about how independents voted in any of these years . The Democratic and Republican parties are competitive despite the larger numbers of Democrats because the groups that tend to identify with the Democratic Party are groups that also tend to have lower-than-average voter turnout. Independents comprise 10 to 13 percent of the American public , and the Democratic Party is larger than the Republican Party .

Which freedoms are guaranteed by the First Amendment of the U.S.Constitution?

freedom of speech

All statements are correct

freedom of the press

freedom of religion

The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of petition.

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 62 questionWhich states had a larger number of foreign-born residents than Nevada?

All of the other five states

California, New York, and New Jersey

California, New York, and New Jersey had more, and Florida had the same number as Nevada

Florida and Texas

This question is asking for numbers, not percentages. Numbers of foreign-born residents are not given on the table, but you don’t really need to do any math to see that Nevada’s foreign-born population is much smaller than any of the other states in the table. Doing the math, Nevada’s 18.7 percent of 2.6 million (486,000) is much smaller than even Texas’s 15.8 percent of 23.8 million (3,998,000).

Social Studies lesson Social Studies Practice 1 exam questions 63 questionWhich statement correctly describes the two maps?

Both maps distort the size, shape, and location of the continents.

Map A shows an accurate view of the world while Map B distorts reality.

Map B shows an accurate view of the world while Map A distorts reality.

Map A would be of greater use to a pilot trying to fly from Alaska to Europe than Map B.

Any projection of the world’s curved surface onto a flat map distorts the size and shape of the continents. In this case, the amount of distortion on the two maps happens to be the same because both use the same method of projection. The only difference is that the equirectangular projection is centered on the equator (which runs horizontally across the center of the map), while the Cassini projection centers on the prime meridian (which runs vertically through the center of the map). Both are equally accurate and correct, even though Map A looks more like the world maps we are used to. Because the earth is a ball in space, there is no fixed up or down or direction it must be put in. The equirectangular projection shows the area around the equator more accurately but distorts the polar regions, while the Cassini projection does the opposite. Thus, Map B would be of greater use to a pilot flying across the polar region

A narrow strip of land with water on both sides that connects two large areas of land is called ...

island

peninsula

valley

isthmus

An isthmus is a narrow strip of land with water on both sides that connects two large areas of lan

What geographic feature serves as a common boundary between nations and states?

Mountain ranges

Deep canyons

Fault lines

Rivers

Rivers are common boundaries between nations, states and even counties within states. As examples, the Rio Grande separates Mexico from the United States, and the Mississippi River serves as the boundary between many states as it weaves from north to south down the country.