Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 9 - online test

Bearded irises are named for the fuzz on their hanging petals, or “falls,” and have grown with the times. Still the stalwarts of spring gardens, these old-fashioned favorites are available in myriad modern hybrids that offer a full spectrum of heights and hues. Many varieties, such as Best Bet and Immortality, are bred to rebloom after a summer resting period. Some bearded irises, like the Batik and Red Hawk, are sweetly scented. By selecting the varieties that flower at different times, you can enjoy iris blooms for several weeks, from April to June, year after year. Irises pair beautifully with other spring perennials, including allium, baptisia, and columbine. Even after the bloom has finished, the spiky, gray-green foliage is a nice textural contrast to other perennials.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
In regards to the passage, which of the following options best describes the author’s opinion of bearded irises?

Bearded irises are too much work for their short flowering period

Bearded irises require a lot of attention compared to other perennials

Bearded irises smell sweet, causing them to attract a variety of insects

Bearded irises are a beautiful addition to a flower garden

You can understand the author’s impression of bearded irises the best in the second paragraph, as the author states “Irises pair beautifully with other spring perennials” and their “grey-green foliage is a nice textural contrast to other perennials.” The other answer options can be quickly eliminated, as the author never states that the irises are too much work, require too much attention, or attract too many insects.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: Our investigation into the complex and fascinating interactions among language culture, and society planted the seed from which my passion in sociolinguistics has grown.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 5?

Remove the comma after “culture”

Change “sociolinguistics” to “Sociolinguistics”

Insert a comma after “language”

Change “Our” to “Are”

In order to correct sentence 5, you need to insert a comma after “language.” Commas are used between items in a series. In this question, “language” and “culture” are both part of a series that need to be separated with the use of a comma. The word “sociolinguistics” is referred to as a field of study and should not be capitalized. The word “Our” is used appropriately as the possessive form of we, and the comma after “culture” is grammatically correct.
Samuel Smith,
62 Cherry Tree Lane
St. Petersburg, FL
George Ions,
Life at Heart Media,
4 Park Road
St. Petersburg, FL Dear Mr. Ions, (1) I am writing to apply for a position- I saw for a video editor at your company. (2) I am applying for this job as I have a extensive portfolio in this line of work. (3) It is something I have been passionate about for most of my life. As instructed, I have attached a job application form, a resume, and two references. I have also compiled a digital portfolio of some of my editing work that I would like to share with you. I would really like to work for your company after talking with your representative at a recent job fair and I hope you'll give me a chance to work at your company because that would be really neat. (4) I am dependable, trustworthy, and creative, and I plan to work tirelessly to help the company acheive its goals. (5) I have alot of experience with a wide variety of video editing applications, from iMovie to Final Cut Pro. (6) Additionally, the job listing I found online stated that two of the Key attributes you are looking for are the ability to meet deadlines and a desire for collaboration with clients. (7) In relation to this, I believe I have great time management skills as a result of juggling both school and a full time job. My positive, extroverted personality can also help me in building successful relationships with clients. I was vice-president of my Senior class in high school and now spend my time volunteering in the community. I enjoy working collaboratively with others and helping people. I love movies, which is why I think I would be a good video editor. I also like meeting and talking with new people from a variety of backgrounds and experiences. I have been editing videos since I was 7. My family says I do a great job and I am their "go-to" person for editing our family reunion videos each summer. (8) I feel your company would be the perfect environment for me to farther my career, and I would love to have the chance to discuss this exciting opportunity in person. (9) Thank you for considering me for this position, if you require additional information, please either see my attached documentation or contact me using the details I have enclosed. (10) I look forward to hearing from you. Hopefully we can meet soon to discuss this position as I have questions about the salary and the company environment. According to your website, there are opportunities for growth and upward movement within the company and I would like to discuss those opportunities more in-depth with you. I am available for an interview most weekday afternoons. Thank you. Sincerely, Samuel Smith

Which correction should be made to sentence (1) in the attached text?

No changes are necessary.

The word "company" should be capitalized.

Change "a position" to "an position."

Remove the dash.

Dashes should be used when joining independent clauses, or when interrupting the subject of an independent clause with an additional thought. There is no need for a dash in sentence 1, as the sentence itself makes sense without it.
Resumes are an employee's ticket to landing an interview for a desired job. A resume is a short piece of writing that summarizes your educational and work history and gives potential employees a sense of who you are, what experience you have, and what skills might transfer successfully to their company. Because resumes are a first impression of you, they should be polished and professional. Poorly formatted, incomplete, or inaccurate resumes do not make a good first impression and will likely not land you an interview for your dream job. (1) Want your resume to stand out from the rest? When writing a resume, the last thing you want is a format that puts an employer off! This simple how-to manual will guide you to creating a good-formatted resume. (2) To begin, select a professional font, since the text is the first thing that your perspective employer will read. (3) Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri with a text size of 11 or 12. (4) Next to avoid having your text appear too cramped or far apart, you need to set up a margin of 1 inch around the page. It's recommended that your line spacing is 1.5 inches. (5) You then need to create a heading, which should contain information such as your name, address; date of birth, and contact details. (6) This should stand out from the rest of the resume, so you should put it in size 14 or size 16 font. (7) Finally, list all of your content in a chronological or formulaic order. Also be sure to list your employment and educational history, as well as any qualifications, skills, and references. (8) You could also wish to include examples of voluntary work or awards received to boost your resume. (9) Once you've wrote it, it's important to check your resume for spelling and grammatical errors. (10) If you don't take the extra time to proofread you're work, it may be discarded by a reader whose job it is to scan for errors in submissions. Remember, a resume does not get you a job. Your resume gets you an opportunity for an interview for a job where you can elaborate on the generalities listed in your resume and share specifics about how you would be a great fit for the company or organization to which you are applying. But without a strong resume, you probably won't move ahead in the interview process and you'll never have the opportunity to dazzle them in person.

Which of these corrections should be made to sentence (4) in the attached text?

Change "It's recommended" to "Its recommended."

Change "you need to" to "you need too."

Change "Next to avoid your text appearing" to "Next, to avoid your text appearing."

Omit the comma between the words "apart" and "you."

A comma after the word "next" is necessary to set apart the introductory word. Other introductory words that often need a comma following them are "however," "therefore," and "meanwhile."

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: Mardi Gras has been celebrated in New Orleans on a grand scale, with masked balls and colorful parades, sense French settlers arrived in the early 1700s.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Change “sense” to “since”

Change “has” to “have”

Change “arrived” to “arrive”

Change “celebrated” to “celebrates”

This sentence contains an error with a commonly misused word. The word “sense” is used to refer to your sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell, or your intuition or acquired perception. The word “since” is used to refer to the past, or from then until now. “Mardi Gras” is singular; therefore, you should use the singular verb “has.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Which of these corrections should be made to sentence (8) in the attached text?

The word "received" should be spelled "recieved."

Change the word "to" to "too" in the section "You may also wish to include..."

Change the word "could" to "may."

Change "examples" to "example."

"Could" as the past-tense form of the word "can," is not grammatically correct in this present tense sentence. It might be possible to use it as a "conditional verb", but the word may sounds better in this sentence.

Which correction should be made to sentence (3) in the attached text?

Change "aisles" to "isles."

Change "expensive" to "expansive."

Change "their" to "there."

No changes are necessary.

Although the store may indeed be expensive (pricey), the word "expansive" is a better choice as it means "covering a wide area," and the writer mentions that the store's slogan is "aisles for miles," implying that the store is large.

Which correction should be made to sentence (5) in the attached text?

The comma after "applications" should be omitted.

Change "alot" to "a lot."

"iMovie and Final Cut Pro" should include quotation marks, to read "iMovie" and "Final Cut Pro."

No changes are necessary.

"Alot" is never correct, but instead is a common misspelling of the words "a lot."

Which correction should be made to sentence (9) in the attached text?

The word "require" should be changed to "requirement."

Change the comma after "position" to a period.

No changes are necessary.

The word "details" should be spelled "detales."

The presented sentence is a run-on, so the comma should be changed to a period to create two seperate sentences.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: While all of us are susceptible to hard times, children and the elderly are at the most risk, and they make up the large number of clients we serve.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Change “they” to “them”

Change “number” to “numbers”

Change “large” to “largest”

Change “clients” to “client”

In order to correct sentence 2, you will need to change “large” to “largest.” This sentence contains a number agreement error. The sentence is comparing several types of clients, including children and the elderly; therefore, “largest” needs to be used in order for the sentence to have proper agreement in number.

Which correction should be made to sentence (10) in the attached text?

Insert a semicolon after the words "local business."

Change "services" to "service's."

Change "online" to "on line."

Insert a comma after the words "and" and "business."

The phrase "despite my desire to support local business" is inserted to give details about the decision and, thus, needs to be separated by commas.

Which correction should be made to sentence (2) in the attached text?

Change "half-empty" to "half empty."

No changes are necessary.

Change "upon" to "up on."

Change "shelfs" to "shelves."

The correct plural of the world "shelf" is shelves. This is because most words that end in an "f" or "fe" in singular form become "ves" in plural form (i.e. "wife" becomes "wives," "leaf" becomes "leaves.")
Originating from Egypt, dukkah is a vibrant mix of nuts and spices that has steadily grown in popularity. The McCormick Flavor Forecast 2013 trend report highlights this blend of flavors and textures as the spice mix of the moment. There’s no exact science to making the perfect dukkah, so customize it to your liking. Swap hazelnuts for pistachios, or even use almonds or walnuts. Toasting the nuts and spices is a must in order to bring out the different flavors in the blend. Try dukkah as a dip with olive oil, use it as a spice rub for meat, or toss it with pasta.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What is the author’s purpose behind writing this article?

To inform the reader about the dukkah spice mix

To inform the reader on how to make dukkah

To inform the reader on how to appropriately use dukkah

To compare dukkah’s popularity against other spice mixes

The author’s purpose behind writing this article is to inform the reader about the dukkah spice mix. The article was not just written to inform the reader on how to make dukkah or on how to appropriately use it; however, those two things are mentioned within the passage. Therefore, you can conclude that the author was trying to inform the reader about the dukkah spice mix since the author started by giving you its history, current facts, how it is make, and how it is used.
The way most murder mystery dinners usually work is that the host of the party purchases a kit. The kit includes a story about a murder that occurs either during the course of the dinner or before the party even begins. There are a specific number of characters in the story to match the size of your group, with background information, costume instructions and a package of clues for each one. The more outrageously your guests dress up, the greater the potential for an entertaining evening. Also included in the kit may be invitations to the party, a guide to running the mystery (with party tips) for the host, and even prizes for the person who guesses the murderer. You must insist that your guests RSVP for this party, since all characters must be played. You wouldn't want the murderer to be a "no show."

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options is not needed to host a murder mystery dinner?

Decorations

Murderer

Clues

Characters

The passage does not state that a murder mystery dinner requires the use of decorations. However, the passage does imply that you would need to have characters, clues for the characters, and a person to play the murderer.

Which correction should be made to sentence (6) in the attached text?

Change "then" to "than."

Change "an" to "a."

No changes are required.

Change "DVDs" to "DVD's."

This particular sentence is free of grammatical, spelling, and structural issues and does not need changing.
Letter to Alexander Hamilton George Washington Mount Vernon August 28, 1788 Dear Sir: I have had the pleasure to receive your letter dated the 13th. accompanied by one addressed to Genl. Morgan. I will forward the letter to General Morgan by the first conveyance, and add my particular wishes, that he would comply with the request contained in it. Although I can scarcely imagine how the watch of a British officer, killed within their lines, should have fallen into his hands who was many miles distant from the scene of action, yet, if it so happened, I flatter myself there will be no reluctance or delay in restoring it to the family. As the perusal of political papers under the signature of Publius has afforded me great satisfaction, I shall certainly consider them as claiming a most distinguished place in my Library. I have read every performance which has been printed on one side and the other of the great question lately agitated (so far as I have been able to obtain them) and, without an unmeaning compliment, I will say, that I have seen no other so well calculated (in my judgment) to produce conviction on an unbiased Mind, as the Production of your triumvirate. When the transient circumstances and fugitive performances which attended this Crisis shall have disappeared, That Work will merit the Notice of Posterity; because in it are candidly and ably discussed the principles of freedom and the topics of government, which will be always interesting to mankind so long as they shall be connected in Civil Society. The circular letter from your Convention, I presume, was the equivalent by which you obtained an acquiescence in the proposed Constitution. Notwithstanding I am not very well satisfied with the tendency of it, yet the federal affairs had proceeded, with few exceptions, in so good a train, that I hope the political Machine may be put in motion, without much effort or hazard of miscarrying. On the delicate subject with which you conclude your letter, I can say nothing; because the event alluded to may never happen; and because, in case it should occur, it would be a point of prudence to defer forming one's ultimate and irrevocable decision, so long as new data might be afforded for one to act with the greater wisdom and propriety. I would not wish to conceal my prevailing sentiment from you. For you know me well enough, my good Sir, to be persuaded, that I am not guilty of affection, when I tell you, that it is my great and sole desire to live and die, in peace and retirement on my own farm. Were it even indispensable a different line of conduct should be adopted; while you and some others who are acquainted with my heart would acquit, the world and Posterity might probably accuse me [of] inconsistency and ambition. Still I hope I shall always possess firmness and virtue enough to maintain (what I consider the most enviable of all titles) the character of an honest man, as well as prove (what I desire to be considered in reality) that I am, with great sincerity and esteem, etc.

What is the purpose of Washington including the final sentence?

It is an attempt to persuade his audience to see him as a good man, despite his poor actions.

He wants to urge his audience to decry anyone in opposition to him.

He wishes to convey his honesty and sincerity to his audience both in the letter and in his actions.

He is boasting of his personal success and impeccable character.

The author does not boast in describing successes, nor does he attempt to persuade by offering details of his good deeds. He does not urge his audience to go against anyone, but includes the line as a means of conveying his sincerity.
From my infancy I was noted for the docility and humanity of my disposition. My tenderness of heart was even so conspicuous as to make me the jest of my companions. I was especially fond of animals, and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets. With these I spent most of my time, and never was so happy as when feeding and caressing them. This peculiarity of character grew with my growth, and, in my manhood, I derived from it one of my principal sources of pleasure. To those who have cherished an affection for a faithful and sagacious dog, I need hardly be at the trouble of explaining the nature or the intensity of the gratification thus derivable. There is something in the unselfish and self-sacrificing love of a brute, which goes directly to the heart of him who has had frequent occasion to test the paltry friendship and gossamer fidelity of mere Man. I married early, and was happy to find in my wife a disposition not uncongenial with my own. Observing my partiality for domestic pets, she lost no opportunity of procuring those of the most agreeable kind. We had birds, gold-fish, a fine dog, rabbits, a small monkey, and a cat. This latter was a remarkably large and beautiful animal, entirely black, and sagacious to an astonishing degree. In speaking of his intelligence, my wife, who at heart was not a little tinctured with superstition, made frequent allusion to the ancient popular notion, which regarded all black cats as witches in disguise. Not that she was ever serious upon this point – and I mention the matter at all for no better reason than that it happens, just now, to be remembered. Pluto – this was the cat’s name – was my favorite pet and playmate. I alone fed him, and he attended me wherever I went about the house. It was even with difficulty that I could prevent him from following me through the streets. OOur friendship lasted, in this manner, for several years, during which my general temperament and character – through the instrumentality of the Fiend Intemperance – had (I blush to confess it) experienced a radical alteration for the worse. I grew, day by day, more moody, more irritable, more regardless of the feelings of others. I suffered myself to use intemperate language to my wife. At length, I even offered her personal violence. My pets, of course, were made to feel the change in my disposition. I not only neglected, but ill-used them. For Pluto, however, I still retained sufficient regard to restrain me from maltreating him, as I made no scruple of maltreating the rabbits, the monkey, or even the dog, when by accident, or through affection, they came in my way. But my disease grew upon me – for what disease is like Alcohol ! – and at length even Pluto, who was now becoming old, and consequently somewhat peevish – even Pluto began to experience the effects of my ill temper.

Why might the cat's black color be significant?

It demonstrates the wife's obsession with witchcraft.

It serves no purpose apart from providing a clear mental picture for readers.

It foreshadows the author's blackened heart and could serve to indicate future supernatural events.

The color is a foil to the author's own good intentions.

Black cats are widely regarded as bad luck, and are identified in the story as once having been linked to witchcraft. This, accompanied by the increasing blackness of the author's heart renders the cat a foreshadowing element of the author's temperament and, while we don't see them in this excerpt, it could indicate supernatural elements to come later in the story. The wife is not identified as having an obsession with witchcraft, but a passing concern. The cat's color comes into play frequently, so is not merely a coincidence or an inconsequential detail. The author's intentions quickly shift from being good to being selfish and unkind, so the cat cannot act as a foil.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: In fact, some people think Mardi Gras celebrations have there source in the wild springtime orgies of the ancient Romans.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 4?

Change “there” to “their”

Change “have” to “has”

Change “ancient” to “Ancient”

Change “springtime” to “Springtime”

In this sentence, “there” is referring to “some people”; therefore, you should use “their,” as “their” is the possessive form of “they.” “Ancient” and “springtime” should not be capitalized, as “ancient” is not a name or title, and seasons are not capitalized. The plural verb “have” should not be changed to the singular verb “has,” because it is referring to a plural subject (“people”).
Why Did You Change by Nicholas Gordan Why did you change? What did I do? We were like brothers, and now Your face is a wall without windows, while you Abrogate what small claims you allow. I don’t understand what undid the sweet bond That for years yielded nothing but joy. I am who I was, and yet you respond As though it were my aim to annoy. Perhaps there’s no why when some untoward wind Whips away what we hold to our hearts. Though bitter it be to leave loved ones behind, It remains the most precious of arts.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What is meant by “Abrogate” in line 4?

To acknowledge

To repeal

To state

To feel remorse

The word “Abrogate” in line 4 means to repeal. The author is declaring that the other individual will not acknowledge (he repeals) the small claims of friendship he does remember.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: Our volunteers say they feel rewarded many times over for the help they provide in making a difference in the live’s of others.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Change “Our” to “Are”

Change “rewarded” to “rewards”

Change “provide” to “provided”

Change “live’s” to “lives”

In order to correct sentence 6, you will need to change “live’s” to “lives.” The word “live’s” is not showing possession of something; therefore, it should be changed to the plural noun “lives” to match the plural noun “others.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
If you smoke, quit. You should also get in the habit of exercising, because exercise strengthens the heart and blood vessels, reduces stress, and has been shown to reduce blood pressure while also boosting HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Numerous studies done in recent decades indicate that drinking alcohol in moderation may actually reduce the risk of heart disease. But more than one drink a day for women, or more than one to two a day for men, is not recommended. Learning to relax may help prevent and treat heart disease. While success varies from person to person, stress-reduction techniques have been shown to reduce high blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, and emotional responses such as anxiety, anger, and hostility that have been linked to coronary heart disease, angina, and heart attack. The choice of relaxation technique is up to you. Some that have proved beneficial are meditation, progressive relaxation, yoga, and biofeedback training.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following is not a stress-reduction technique that has proved to be beneficial?

Drinking alcohol

Meditating

Biofeedback training

Yoga

Drinking alcohol is not a stress-reduction technique that has proved to be beneficial; however, studies have shown that moderate consumption of alcohol could reduce heart disease. According to the passage’s last sentence, the beneficial stress-reduction techniques are: meditation, progressive relaxation, yoga, and biofeedback training.
Facade (a tritina) So many have come to dwell behind a panarchy mask Lost between the delusive dimensions of identity
 Unable to perceive that which is deemed real They dare not throw aside the caparison that veils the real Lest those that wish to deceive and to mask Would reveal the abstersive truth of their own identity
 Yet if all would but don the verisimilitude of their identity
 Then the shadows cast would corrivate into the real
 And no longer would there lie merit within a mask Are you the mask of your identity or are you real? - Sheri Hockman

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes what is meant by the poem’s third stanza (lines 7-9)?

A mask will protect your face from the sun

Masks are made to cast life-like shadows

Masks are designed to represent who you are

The true you would hold no value in a mask

This question requires you to comprehend what the meaning is behind the poem. The poem’s meaning does not indicate that a mask is used to protect your face from the sun, nor does it indicate that the masks are designed to represent who you are. The poem does indicate that shadows are cast, but it does not indicate that life-like shadows are cast. Therefore, the best option that describes the meaning behind the third stanza is: The true you would hold no value in a mask. This can be derived from line 9, where it indicates that there would no longer be merit (value) within a mask.
SARAH: Isn't she the most beautiful thing you have ever seen? MARY: She is a vision of perfection. SARAH: Her parents must have been truly good to receive such a treasure. PRINCESS: (Angry) What are you two staring at? MARY: (Nervous) We were just, PRINCESS: (Mocks her) "You were just" what? Staring? Gawking? Why don't you go somewhere and mind your own business? SARAH: Forgive us, Princess. MARY: We didn't mean to offend you. We humbly beg forgiveness. (SARAH and MARY rush away nervously) PRINCESS: Yeah, well forgive this. (She throws stones at them) Ha! Got them. (Laughs) That'll teach them. TUTOR: (He comes from castle) Must you treat the peasants that way? PRINCESS: (Pulls his long beard) I must! TUTOR: Can't you behave like a lady? PRINCESS: I will, if you will! (Laughs) TUTOR: Quit acting like such a beast! PRINCESS: Don't call me names or I'll have Daddy chop off your head like he did to the rest of my tutors. TUTOR: I meant it in the kindest way. (She smiles at his change in tone. She throws another stone at a passing peasant) I'm just worried about you. You don't seem to care for anyone or anything. Someday you'll insult the wrong person and you'll be sorry. PRINCESS: No, it's them who will be sorry. Guards! (GUARDS appear and she points to TUTOR) Take him away. TUTOR: What? What did I do? PRINCESS: He bores me. Off with his head. (Laughs as the GUARDS drag him off screaming) So what is on my schedule today? (She snaps her fingers and a SCRIBE appears in a hurry) SCRIBE: (Nervously struggling to hold on to numerous scrolls in his arms) Yes, Princess? PRINCESS: (Knocks all the scrolls out of his arms) Read me my schedule. SCRIBE: (Scrambles to find the right scroll on the ground) Well, you have a hair appointment at 9, a dress fitting at 10, a, PRINCESS: Enough! I want to have a party instead.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The princess can best be described as:

Friendly

Helpless

Unpleasant

Thoughtful

The option that best describes the princess is unpleasant. The princess shows that she is unpleasant by throwing rocks at the peasants, pulling her tutor’s beard, and having her tutor beheaded because she was bored with him. The princess did not show any signs of being friendly or thoughtful; therefore, those two options can be eliminated. You may have thought she was helpless since she had to ask her scribe for her schedule, but the princess was unpleasant during that interaction as well. Therefore, “unpleasant” is the best option.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentences below.
Sentences 8 and 9: Should you decide to recommend me. I will send you a draft of my statement of purpose, copies of my transcripts, my resume, a writing sample, and any other materials you think would help you in the evaluation process.
Which of the following options best represents how the underlined portion of these sentences should be written?

me. I will

me; I will

me I will

me, I will

The first sentence is not a complete sentence (it is a sentence fragment); therefore, neither a period nor a semicolon should be used. A comma should be used to separate the two sentences, as the first part of the sentence is an introductory phrase.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 11: Use of the new code was not mandatory at first for anyone, but, in 1967, the Post Office required mailers of second- and third-class bulk mail to presort by ZIP code.
Which of the following options best uses a conjunctive adverb to rewrite sentence 11?

Meanwhile, the new code was not mandatory at first ...

However, the new code was not mandatory at first ...

Therefore, the new code was not mandatory at first ...

Instead, the new code was not mandatory at first ...

Correct anwer: However, the new code was not mandatory at first ... The best conjunctive adverb that should be used to rewrite sentence 11 is: “However.” In order to figure out which conjunctive adverb should be used, you will need to read sentence 10 to see what it had stated. Sentence 10 was stating when the ZIP code started. Then, sentence 11 is telling you that the ZIP code was not made mandatory at first; therefore, you can determine that “However” is the appropriate conjunctive adverb to use. Look at it in this manner: ZIP code began on July 1, 1963, as scheduled; however, the new code was not mandatory at first for anyone, but, in 1967, the Post Office required mailers of second- and third-class bulk mail to presort by ZIP code.
The compass is an instrument used for navigation; it generally has a magnetic needle that points toward the earth's magnetic North Pole. The magnetic compass has been in existence for nearly a thousand years and is the most common type of compass. Magnetic compasses, the most simple and common type of compass, are aligned to the earth's magnetic field. These compasses point to the earth's magnetic North Pole. Magnetic compasses are very simple, easily built devices, but must be laid completely flat on a platform, require some time to adjust to a turned platform, and may suffer interference from local magnetic fields. In order to adjust a magnetic compass to due or true north and toward the geographic North Pole, one must know the amount of magnetic declination that exists in a specific region. There are online maps and calculators available that provide the difference in declination between true north and magnetic north for every point on the globe. By adjusting one's magnetic compass based on the local magnetic declination, it is possible to ensure that one's directions are accurate.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, what must you do in order for a magnetic compass to work appropriately?

Point it towards the North Pole

Place it in water

Hold it vertically towards the sun

Lay it completely flat

In order for a magnetic compass to work appropriately, you must lay it completely flat. This answer is found in the last sentence of the second paragraph. The purpose of the compass is to show you what direction is north; therefore, you would not need to point it north in order for it to work. The passage does not state anything in regards to placing it in water or holding it towards the sun; therefore, those two options can also be eliminated.
“In Flanders Fields”
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved, and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

This narrator's statement is an example of __________.
"I read that every known superstition in the world is gathered into the horseshoe of the Carpathians, as if it were the centre of some sort of imaginative whirlpool; if so my stay may be very interesting, (Mem., I must ask the Count all about them.)"

foreshadowing

allusion

personification

understatement

Foreshadowing means hinting at something that is going to happen later in the plot. In this case, when the narrator comments that the area he is traveling to is known for superstitions and that his stay may be "very interesting," the reader gets the sense that something unexpected is going to happen later on. Allusion is a reference to someone or something well-known or famous that the reader can make a connection with and that's not happening here. Personification means giving human qualities to nonhuman things, which also isn't present in this sentence. Understatement is usually created by sarcasm or irony to point out something obvious. That is not happening in this sentence, either.
A tumor is a mass of tissue that's formed by an accumulation of abnormal cells. Normally, the cells in your body age, die, and are replaced by new cells. With cancer and other tumors, something disrupts this cycle. Tumor cells grow, even though the body does not need them, and like normal old cells, they don't die. As this process goes on, the tumor continues to grow as more and more cells are added to the mass. Primary brain tumors emerge from the various cells that make up the brain and central nervous system and are named for the kind of cell in which they first form. The most common types of adult brain tumors are gliomas and astrocytic tumors. These tumors form from astrocytes and other types of glial cells, which are cells that help keep nerves healthy. Benign brain tumors are noncancerous. Malignant primary brain tumors are cancers that originate in the brain, typically grow faster than benign tumors, and aggressively invade surrounding tissue. Although brain cancer rarely spreads to other organs, it will spread to other parts of the brain and central nervous system.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What type of cells do gliomas and astrocytic tumors form from?

Benign cells

Malignant cells

Cancer cells

Glial cells

According to the passage, gliomas and astrocytic tumors form from glial cells. This answer if found in the last sentence of the passage’s second paragraph. Benign is a noncancerous tumor and malignant is a cancerous tumor.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: Just one short year after General Custer and his 7th Cavalry were defeated at the Little Bighorn, Othniel Marsh, one of the first Paleontologists and the man who is credited with the discoveries of such dinosaurs as triceratops and stegosaurus, braved the elements and bands of Native Americans on the warpath to explore the hills of Eastern Montana.
Which of the following options would correct the capitalization in sentence 7?

Change “Eastern Montana” to “eastern Montana”

Change “Cavalry” to “cavalry”

Change “triceratops and stegosaurus” to “Triceratops and Stegosaurus”

Change “Paleontologists” to “paleontologists”

“Paleontologists” should be changed to “paleontologists” in sentence 7, as paleontologists is not being used as a name and does not need to be capitalized. “Eastern Montana” is correct, as “Eastern” is naming a section of the country, and is not being used as a direction. “Cavalry” should be capitalized, as it is being used as the title of an organization/unit – 7th Cavalry. The names of the two dinosaurs should not be capitalized, as they are not the genus or scientific names.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The author’s purpose for writing this passage is to:

Instruct

Inform

Persuade

Endorse

The author’s purpose for writing this passage is to inform the reader about tumors. You can identify that the author is informing you about tumors because he or she tells you what causes them, how they form, and which ones are cancerous. The author is not instructing the reader on how to do something, persuading the reader to do something, or endorsing a product for the reader to purchase; therefore, the other options can all be eliminated.

Which correction should be made to sentence (8) in the attached text?

There should be a comma placed after the word "visit."

No changes are necessary.

The words "shoe" and "department" should be capitalized.

There should be a comma deleted after the word "store."

The sentence is correct in grammar, structure, punctuation, and spelling and no changes are required.
If you asked parents about the milestone in their child’s life that they dread the most, many would instantly reply that they are nervous about the day their child will get behind the wheel of a car for the first time. Teaching children any new skill at a young age is trying, but the thought of giving a rebellious teenager instruction in the art of driving can bring even the most stalwart parents to their knees. Fortunately, thinking through this process in advance can alleviate some of the more painful problems during this process. The more time children spend behind a wheel before they are old enough to operate a car, the better prepared they will be for future driving. Bicycles, small motorized cars and trucks, go-carts, four wheelers, and lawn mowers are all excellent vehicles to help a child learn how to maneuver around objects at slower paces. While children may get a few bumps and bruises while learning to brake and accelerate in these, they should escape serious injury if they wear the appropriate protective gear. Parents should never let a teachable moment go by, especially when preparing their teens to be future drivers. This means that they should make it a point to explain the reasons they are adjusting the mirrors and dimming the lights when they drive. Parents can also set good examples by never starting the engine without buckling their seatbelts and putting away all distractions, such as cell phones or snacks before the vehicle begins to move. Parents may also wish to point out the mistakes of other drivers and the dangers that they are causing with these bad driving behaviors.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The author recommends that parents:

Teach their children new skills at young ages

Wait until their children are of age to spend time behind the wheel

Should talk on their phones while driving their children

Should have their teens wear protective gear during driving lessons

The author recommends that parents teach their children new skills at young ages, as referenced in the passage’s first paragraph. The passage’s second paragraph implies that parents should get their children behind the wheel of small motorized vehicles while they are young, not of age. The passage’s third paragraph implies that the parent should put away their mobile phone, not talk on it while driving their children. The passage’s second paragraph states that small children should wear protective gear while operating bicycles and such, not when they are teens learning to drive.

What is the cause of the author's shift in temperament/personality?

no reason offered

his lack of fine things in life

his overindulgence in alcohol

his general age and its corresponding crankiness

The line “my disease grew upon me – for what disease is like Alcohol” clearly identifies the author’s change as being a result of excessive consumption of alcohol.
Employee Separations All employee separations will be coordinated through the Human Resources Office. This will ensure the employee is in full receipt of benefits at the time of separation, the organization is assured that all equipment and keys have been returned, technology access has been disconnected and managed appropriately, and that knowledge of the organization’s operations has been transferred. Resignations Hourly employees are asked to provide a minimum of two weeks' notice when they resign from their positions at the organization. Salaried employees are asked to provide one month's notice when they resign from their positions at the organization. If the minimum notice is not given, the employee will not be eligible for rehire at the organization. The employee should consider scheduling an appointment with the Benefits Administrator during the last scheduled work week
in order to discuss his or her retirement contributions. In order to receive a refund of retirement contributions, the employee must complete an application for a refund upon termination. Under the provisions of COBRA, employees who leave their positions may continue health and dental insurance coverage at their own expense for a period of time. Details of this option are provided to employees by the Human Resources Department during the scheduled appointment.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why should an employee schedule an appointment with the Benefits Manager?

To discuss his or her COBRA options

To return all equipment and keys

To discuss his or her retirement contribution refund

To turn in his or her letter of resignation

According to the given passage, an employee should make an appointment with the Benefits Manager in order to discuss his or her retirement contribution refund. The passage indicates that the Human Resource Department will provide the employee with his or her COBRA options, along with the details regarding the relinquishment of all equipment and keys.
A:
(1) Believe it or not, it is more than possible to make a film in 48 hours. You won't get a feature-length blockbuster for your efforts, but you will get a short film of around 5 minutes and a lot of memories because it's such a unique experience. This how-to guide serves as a rough introduction to making a 48-hour film. (2) The first thing you probably kneed to do is to go to the store and buy some caffeine because you won't be getting much sleep. Before you begin, it is important to evaluate your assets. (3) See what you have, available to you in terms of locations, equipment, crew, and cast. Successful films don't always require fancy sets, exotic locations, or A-list actors; some of the most poignant films are those the audience can really connect with because they can relate to the characters and their struggles. You will need the technology necessary to film and record both the audio and visual and the programs to edit and compile everything into a completed masterpiece. Many of these programs can be found online and are free or low-cost. B:
(4) Once the clock has started ticking, the first thing to do is to create a story. Keep in mind the assets you have axes to. (5) You should then right a screenplay and a shot plan—examples of these can be easily found online. When all is set, it's time to shoot your film. (6) You don't need anything overly advanced to begin, although, it's probably recommended that you record your visual and audio content onto different devices. The audio portion of the shoot is just as, if not more important than the visual or picture portion. Most video cameras that amateur filmmakers have access to do not have sufficient audio recording capabilities. Environmental factors including wind and background noise can also affect audio quality. So, recording audio and visual on different devices allows you to set up the best environment for audio recordings to ensure it's clear and easy to understand. C:
(7) After filming, you have to get your footage onto the computer. How you go about doing this depends on the type of camera you have used. (8) Next is the editing process, which may take up the majority of your time. Unfortunately, it is very unlikely that your editing process will be less then 18 hours long. (9) One of the first tasks you may encounter in post production is to synchronize your sound clips with your visual ones. You then have to edit, which can be done in any program, ranging from free software to professional programs with monthly fees. (10) When you have finished, all you have to do is to render and export, and you got yourself a 48-hour film! Now it's time to set up your film's release and invite all of your friends and family to a viewing party!

Which correction should be made to sentence (8) in the attached text?

Change the word "then" to "than."

Change the comma after "editing process" to a colon.

No changes are necessary.

Delete the comma after "Unfortunately, . . .".

Confusing the usage of then and than is a common error in writing. The word then denotes a time sequence, while the word than is used when comparing two things. The comma after "Unfortunately" is correct because the word is used as a sentence adverb. A sentence adverb is a word or phrase that is followed by a comma and which expresses the writer's attitude or opinion to the words in the sentence. Examples of other sentence adverbs are "obviously" or "sadly." The comma is also used correctly after "editing process".

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following groups of people would find this passage the most valuable?

Teenagers

Teachers

Parents

Motorists

The author is directing the passage’s information to the parents of teens who are preparing for the adventure of driving. The other groups of people may find this passage interesting, but the information was not directed at them; therefore, they can all be eliminated.
Geocaching is an outdoor treasure hunt using hand-held Global Positioning System units. The geocachers hide and seek “treasures,” which are found in waterproof containers and typically include a pencil, small notebook to serve as a logbook for finders, and several trinkets like key chains, small toys, and buttons. Geocaches can range in size from a small film canister to bigger than a 5-gallon bucket. Geocachers hide the geocache and enter coordinates on a website. Others download the coordinates, enter them into a GPS unit and hunt for the geocache. Once the cache is found, the finders enter their names and date into the logbook in the cache. The finders can then take an object from the cache while leaving something of equal or higher value. The finders replace the geocache in the same place where they found it for future geocachers to find.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the description of geocaching, where would be the most likely place for a geocacher to find treasure?

In the mall

In a hotel

Inside a car

At a national park

The most likely place for a geocacher to find treasure is at a national park. The passage’s first sentence states that geocaching is an outdoor activity; therefore, you would not expect to find treasure in a mall, in a hotel, or inside a car.
This is the introduction section of a commentary by Dan Gillmor on news reporting by the media and how it is changing over time. We the Media (1) We freeze some moments in time. Every culture has its frozen moments, events so important and personal that they transcend the normal flow of news. (2) Americans of a certain age, for example, know precisely where they were and what they were doing when they learned that President Franklin D. Roosevelt died. Another generation has absolute clarity of John F. Kennedy's assassination. And no one who was older than a baby on September 11, 2001, will ever forget hearing about, or seeing, airplanes exploding into skyscrapers. (3) In 1945, people gathered around radios for the immediate news, and stayed with the radio to hear more about their fallen leader and about the man who took his place. Newspapers printed extra editions and filled their columns with detail for days and weeks afterward. Magazines stepped back from the breaking news and offered perspective. (4) Something similar happened in 1963, but with a newer medium. The immediate news of Kennedy’s death came for most via television; I’m old enough to remember that heart­breaking moment when Walter Cronkite put on his horn­rimmed glasses to glance at a message from Dallas and then, blinking back tears, told his viewers that their leader was gone. As in the earlier time, newspapers and magazines pulled out all the stops to add detail and context. (5) September 11, 2001, followed a similarly grim pattern. We watched—again and again—the awful events. Consumers of news learned the what about the attacks, thanks to the televi­sion networks that showed the horror so graphically. Then we learned some of the how and why as print publications and thoughtful broadcasters worked to bring depth to events that defied mere words. Journalists did some of their finest work and made me proud to be one of them. (6) But something else, something profound, was happening this time around: news was being produced by regular people who had something to say and show, and not solely by the “official” news organizations that had traditionally decided how the first draft of history would look. This time, the first draft of history was being written, in part, by the former audience. It was possible—it was inevitable—because of new publishing tools available on the Internet. (7) Another kind of reporting emerged during those appalling hours and days. Via emails, mailing lists, chat groups, personal web journals—all nonstandard news sources—we received valuable context that the major American media couldn’t, or wouldn’t, provide. (8) We were witnessing—and in many cases were part of—the future of news.

According to the author of the passage, which of these would have been considered a "nonstandard news source" in 2001?

a news report heard on a car radio

a report in a magazine received through the mail

a blog on a news website

nationally broadcast television news

The author uses the term "nonstandard news source" while discussing events in 2001. The other answer choices were all available and widely used before that time, so they would have been considered "standard" in 2001.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: Suburbs are the communities surrounding cities that are usually made up of single-family homes, but are increasingly including multifamily homes and places like a mall and office buildings.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Remove the hyphen after “single”

Insert a comma after “communities”

Replace the period with a question mark

Replace “a mall” with “malls”

In order to correct sentence 1, you would need to replace “a mall” with “malls.” This sentence contains a parallelism error. “A mall” is not parallel with “office buildings”; therefore, you would need to replace “a mall” with “malls” in order to make the sentence parallel. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

It can be inferred from the passage that the author is, or has been, a _________.

radio commentator

newspaper columnist

television commentator

news journalist

The title, the last sentence in paragraph 5, and the very last sentence of the passage all indicate the author is, or was, part of the journalistic news scene, but none of the passage content defines his precise role. In light of this, "news journalist" is the best choice.