Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 8 - online test

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 14: Many say SUVs are dangerous for other drivers that own smaller vehicles and SUVs consume too much fuel, making them environmentally unfriendly.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 14?

Change “too” to “to”

Change “that” to “who”

Insert a comma after “dangerous”

Change “environmentally” to “Environmentally”

In order to correct sentence 14, you should change “that” to “who.” The relative pronoun “that” is being used to refer to “drivers”; therefore, you should use the relative pronoun “who” instead. “Environmentally” is not a proper word and does not need to be capitalized. The adverb “too” is used appropriately to mean: “in addition or more than enough.” The sentence does not require a comma after “dangerous,” as it does not end an introductory phrase.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 15: During the period from March into the Fall many were charged, examined, tried, and condemned to death.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 15?

Remove the comma after “tried”

Replace “Fall” with “fall”

Insert a comma after “period”

Insert a comma after “March”

The seasons of the year are not capitalized, unless they are at the beginning of a sentence or used in a title. The sentence is punctuated appropriately, so there is no need for the insertion or deletion of any commas.
SARAH: Isn't she the most beautiful thing you have ever seen? MARY: She is a vision of perfection. SARAH: Her parents must have been truly good to receive such a treasure. PRINCESS: (Angry) What are you two staring at? MARY: (Nervous) We were just, PRINCESS: (Mocks her) "You were just" what? Staring? Gawking? Why don't you go somewhere and mind your own business? SARAH: Forgive us, Princess. MARY: We didn't mean to offend you. We humbly beg forgiveness. (SARAH and MARY rush away nervously) PRINCESS: Yeah, well forgive this. (She throws stones at them) Ha! Got them. (Laughs) That'll teach them. TUTOR: (He comes from castle) Must you treat the peasants that way? PRINCESS: (Pulls his long beard) I must! TUTOR: Can't you behave like a lady? PRINCESS: I will, if you will! (Laughs) TUTOR: Quit acting like such a beast! PRINCESS: Don't call me names or I'll have Daddy chop off your head like he did to the rest of my tutors. TUTOR: I meant it in the kindest way. (She smiles at his change in tone. She throws another stone at a passing peasant) I'm just worried about you. You don't seem to care for anyone or anything. Someday you'll insult the wrong person and you'll be sorry. PRINCESS: No, it's them who will be sorry. Guards! (GUARDS appear and she points to TUTOR) Take him away. TUTOR: What? What did I do? PRINCESS: He bores me. Off with his head. (Laughs as the GUARDS drag him off screaming) So what is on my schedule today? (She snaps her fingers and a SCRIBE appears in a hurry) SCRIBE: (Nervously struggling to hold on to numerous scrolls in his arms) Yes, Princess? PRINCESS: (Knocks all the scrolls out of his arms) Read me my schedule. SCRIBE: (Scrambles to find the right scroll on the ground) Well, you have a hair appointment at 9, a dress fitting at 10, a, PRINCESS: Enough! I want to have a party instead.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why was the princess angry in line 4?

Her tutor told her to stop acting like a beast

She had noticed the peasants staring at her

Her scribe told her that she couldn’t have a party

The guards had beheaded her tutor

In line 4, the princess is angry because the peasants (Sarah and Mary) had been staring at her. The tutor does not tell the princess to quit acting like a beast until later in the play and the scribe did not tell her that she could not have a party; therefore, those two options can be eliminated. The guards did take her tutor away to be beheaded, but the princess had ordered it and it was also later in the play.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: The concept of magnetically levitated trains was first identified at the turn of the century by two Americans, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet.
Which of the following options properly rewrites sentence 1?

Two Americans first identified the concept of magnetically levitated trains at the turn of the century, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet.

Two Americans, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet first identified the concept of magnetically levitated trains at the turn of the century.

Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet first identified the concept of magnetically levitated trains at the turn of the century, they were two Americans.

At the turn of the century, two Americans first identified the concept of magnetically levitated trains, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet.

This option is the only option that places the names of the two Americans by “Two Americans.” The other options all separate the names of the two Americans from the description of where they are from, which is a grammatical error. The proper use would be: “Two Americans, Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet ...” or Robert Goddard and Emile Bachelet, two Americans, ...”
The bald eagle is the only eagle that is unique to North America. Bald eagles are found over most of North America, from Alaska and Canada to northern Mexico. About half of the world's 70,000 bald eagles live in Alaska. They flourish in Alaska in part because of the salmon. Bald eagles do not generally feed on chickens or other domestic livestock, but they will make use of available food sources including carrion. Eagles, like all birds, have color vision. An eagle's eye is almost as large as a human's, but its sharpness is at least four times that of a person with perfect vision. The eagle can probably identify a rabbit moving almost a mile away. An eagle reaches sexual maturity at around four or five years of age, which is also when they assume the familiar dark body with white head. Bald eagles mate for life, but when one dies, the survivor will not hesitate to accept a new mate. 
Bald eagles build their nests in large trees near rivers or coasts. A typical nest is around 5 feet in diameter and eagles often use the same nest year after year. Over the years, some nests become enormous, as much as 9 feet in diameter, weighing two tons. Even when a nest tree falls or a strong wind blows a nest down, the established pair usually rebuilds at or near the site within a few weeks if it is near the breeding season.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What do bald eagles have in common with all other birds?

Color vision

White heads

Dark bodies

Ability to fly

Bald eagles have color vision, just like all other birds. The passage states that bald eagles have white heads and dark bodies, but it does not imply that all birds have white heads and dark bodies. Bald eagles do have the ability to fly, while some other birds do not; however, the passage does not state the bald eagle’s ability, or inability, to fly. The first sentence of the second paragraph does state that bald eagles, and all other birds, have color vision.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: Its also well known that traffic gives off myriad pollutants that decrease air quality.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Replace “that” with “which”

Replace “gives” with “give”

Insert a comma after “pollutants”

Replace “Its” with “It’s”

In order to correct sentence 7, you would need to replace “Its” with “It’s.” The sentence is trying to say: “It is also...”; therefore, you would need to use the contraction “It’s,” not the possessive form “Its.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
Pixar’s latest film is a bomb of adventure and comedy that will surely entertain everyone. With very well rounded characters that are each very funny in their own way, “Up” creates a mildly compelling story that will more than once bring tears to your eyes, not only of laughter but also for the tenderness that the main character constantly evokes though his actions. Here we have an old man, a cranky widower, who has lost his wife and reluctantly keeps on living. When he is forced to abandon the house he has lived in all his life, he decides to attach a lot of balloons to the roof of the house and just fly away to South America. There he will encounter a graciously clumsy bird, a pack of semi-intelligent dogs and a long lost adventurer. But what really makes this a great movie are not the frantic action sequences but the motive behind the old man’s journey. As always, Pixar’s animations are top notch. The movements, textures and colors are all masterfully done. Perhaps the initial amazement people went through with the first computed animated movies is all gone, but the stories remain solid. Overall, it is fair to say that this film will appeal to adults and children alike, thanks to it quirky but also sentimental tone. Check it out.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Based on the film review, which of the following would most likely enjoy this film?

An individual who likes mysteries

An individual who likes science fictions

An individual who likes fantasies

An individual who likes animations

Based on the film review, the person who would most likely enjoy this film is an individual who likes animations. The third paragraph identifies this film as an animation; therefore, you can determine that an individual who likes animations would like this film. The reviewer did not imply that the film revolved around a mystery or that it was based on scientific or futuristic ideas; therefore, those to options can be eliminated. You may have thought that fantasy was the correct option since the man tied balloons to his house and they carried it away, but animation is the better choice, since the film is actually an animation.
The microwave oven did not come about as a result of someone trying to find a better, faster way to cook. During World War II, two scientists invented the magnetron, a tube that produces microwaves. Installing magnetrons in Britain’s radar system, the microwaves were able to spot Nazi warplanes on their way to bomb the British Isles. By accident, several years later, it was discovered that microwaves also cook food. Called the Radar Range, the first microwave oven to go on the market was roughly as large and heavy as a refrigerator. The idea of using microwave energy to cook food was accidentally discovered by Percy LeBaron Spencer of the Raytheon Company when he found that radar waves had melted a candy bar in his pocket. Experiments showed that microwave heating could raise the internal temperature of many foods far more rapidly than a conventional oven.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can determine that a “magnetron” is:

A radar system

A tube that produces microwaves

A Radar Range

A conventional oven

A “magnetron” is a tube that produces microwaves. This question is answered in the second sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. The magnetron was used inside of a radar system and it was used to create the Radar Range (microwave), but in all actuality it is the tube that produces the microwaves.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What does the tutor want the princess to do?

Study her lessons

Apologize to the peasants

Quit acting like a beast

Cancel her party

The tutor wanted the princess to quit acting like a beast and to start acting like a lady. The princess’s lessons were not mentioned in the excerpt and the princess did not decide to have a party until after she had ordered the tutor to be beheaded. The tutor probably thought that the princess needed to apologize to the peasants, but he did not ask the princess to apologize to them.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: For instance, people may live in the suburb in order to avoid the density, and untidiness of the city.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the punctuation in sentence 5?

Remove the comma after “instance”

Insert a comma after “suburb”

Remove the comma after “density”

Insert a comma after “untidiness”

In order to correct the punctuation in sentence 5, you should remove the comma after “density.” When there are only two items in a list, you should not use a comma after the first item. A comma is used after introductory phrases; therefore, you would want to keep the comma after “For instance.” You do not need a comma after “untidiness,” as it does not conclude a nonrestrictive phrase or clause.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: Read the updated dress code policy before you make changes to your wardrobe.
If sentence 5 was rewritten to begin with "First, you" what should be the next words?

had read

have already read

has read

read

This question requires you to look at the sentence’s tense. In this case, the sentence is in the present tense; therefore, your answer needs to also be in the present tense. The use of “had read” or “have already read” are both in the past tense; therefore, they can be eliminated. “Has read” is in the present-perfect tense; however, “First, you has read” does not flow. Therefore, the simple option “read” is correct (“First, you read”).

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, microwaves were originally invented in order to:

Cook food faster

Tan women’s skin

Spot Nazi warplanes

Replace the refrigerator

Microwaves were originally invented in order to spot Nazi warplanes during World War II. The passage’s first paragraph explains that the microwave was not invented as a result of someone trying to cook food faster, even though that is what most people commonly think. The passage did not state that the microwave was invented to replace the refrigerator; it stated that the first microwaves were as big as a refrigerator.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: In the business environment conflicts that continually renew themselves are generally a recipe for poor customer service, lowered productivity or efficiency, and declining interpersonal relationships.
Which of the following options would correct the punctuation in sentence 7?

Remove the comma after “service”

Insert a comma after “environment”

Insert a comma after “productivity”

Insert a semicolon after “themselves”

In order to correct the punctuation in sentence 7, a comma should be inserted after “environment.” The introductory phrase “In the business environment” is a phrase that interrupts the movement of the sentence and should be set off with a comma. The other suggested punctuation changes would not correct the punctuation in sentence 7, as a semicolon should be used to join two independent clauses and commas should be used between items in a series.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, why is the bald eagle such an American icon?

The bald eagle is unique to North America

The bald eagle is used on many American documents

The bald eagle resembles peace and prosperity

The bald eagle is the largest bird in America

The bald eagle is such an American icon because it is the only eagle that is unique to North America. This answer is found in the passage’s first sentence. The other three answer options can be easily eliminated, as they are not implied or stated within the content of the passage.
The major end uses for cotton fiber include apparel, home furnishings, and other industrial uses such as medical supplies. From the beginning of the 20th century to the end of WWII, cotton accounted for 81% of the world's total fiber consumption. A shift occurred in the 1940s when man-made fibers first appeared in the market. Cotton fiber is made primarily into yarns and threads for use in the textile and apparel sectors, which today account for approximately 60% of cotton consumption. Cotton is the largest natural fiber for textiles and it is estimated that each year there will be a 4.5 billion pound increase for cotton. The United States has proven to be the most reliable producer of high quality cotton. Cotton Incorporated, located in North Carolina, addresses issues in agricultural research, fiber quality, and textile manufacturing. According to the organization, the textile industry currently finds itself at odds. Cotton growers are struggling to grow their crop, and because of the low prices it generates on the world market, they are unable to make a decent profit. With the increase in concern for the environment over the past few years, cotton growers have reduced pesticide and irrigated water use by over 45%.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

Europe is the most reliable producer of cotton

Cotton is a popular man-made fiber

Droughts in the United States have reduced cotton yields

Cotton production is projected to increase annually

This statement is verified in the last sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. The passage states that the United States is the most reliable producer of cotton, not Europe. Cotton is not a man-made fiber, as it is grown in the United States, not manufactured. The passage does not indicate that droughts have reduced cotton yields; therefore, this option can be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: Most conflicts intensify because people do not deal with problems open and honestly.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 1?

Insert a comma after “intensify”

Change “do” to “does”

Change “conflicts” to “conflict”

Change “open” to “openly”

This sentence contains a parallelism error. Words or phrases within a sentence that are similar (parallel) in meaning or in structure should be written as such. Therefore, “open” should be written as “openly” to become parallel with the use of “honestly.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: McAdam's design, called "macadam roads," provided the great advancement in road construction.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “provided” to “provide”

Change “McAdam’s” to “McAdams”

Remove the comma after “roads”

Change “great” to “greatest”

In order to correct sentence 10, you would need to change “great” to “greatest.” The sentence is referring to the many advancements in road construction over the years; therefore, “great” would need to match in number as “greatest.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
If you asked parents about the milestone in their child’s life that they dread the most, many would instantly reply that they are nervous about the day their child will get behind the wheel of a car for the first time. Teaching children any new skill at a young age is trying, but the thought of giving a rebellious teenager instruction in the art of driving can bring even the most stalwart parents to their knees. Fortunately, thinking through this process in advance can alleviate some of the more painful problems during this process. The more time children spend behind a wheel before they are old enough to operate a car, the better prepared they will be for future driving. Bicycles, small motorized cars and trucks, go-carts, four wheelers, and lawn mowers are all excellent vehicles to help a child learn how to maneuver around objects at slower paces. While children may get a few bumps and bruises while learning to brake and accelerate in these, they should escape serious injury if they wear the appropriate protective gear. Parents should never let a teachable moment go by, especially when preparing their teens to be future drivers. This means that they should make it a point to explain the reasons they are adjusting the mirrors and dimming the lights when they drive. Parents can also set good examples by never starting the engine without buckling their seatbelts and putting away all distractions, such as cell phones or snacks before the vehicle begins to move. Parents may also wish to point out the mistakes of other drivers and the dangers that they are causing with these bad driving behaviors.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes the author’s purpose behind writing this passage?

Provide guidance

Prove a point

Criticize parents

Demand action

The option that best describes the author’s purpose behind writing this passage is: Provide guidance. The author is providing guidance or making recommendations on what a parent can do to make teaching their teenagers to drive less dreadful. The passage does not contain content that would imply that the author was trying to prove a point, criticize parents, or demand actions; therefore, those options can all be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentences 3 and 4: When the dress code demands a certain attire to be worn.But how do you know what to wear?
Which of the following options best represents how the underlined portion of these sentences should be written?

worn, how

worn. But how

worn, and how

worn, or how

Sentences 3 and 4 are sentence fragments, which can be corrected by replacing the period with a comma and eliminating the word “But.” When using a coordinating conjunction, such as “but,” the first part of your sentence needs to be an independent sentence. In this case, the first part of the sentence was not a complete thought; therefore, a coordinating conjunction (i.e. but, and, or) cannot be used to correct it.
Spring 1946 by Ingrid Toth People were finally smiling again; trees were starting to sprout in our lane, but not only were we blessed with spring, near our house reigned the American king. The Russians were ordered to move away, occupy our factories, they now may. Rape and starvation and chaos were gone and we breathed freely again in our zone. American soldiers walked through the streets, whistling and smiling and passing out treats, sweet candy and chocolate and chewing gum; to fine ice-cream parties they let us come. One of the soldiers I’ll never forget; he brought me food, clothing and even a pet; and what touched my battered heart the most, he stilled the anguish the Russians had caused, reaping no reward when he dried my tears; with kindness he scattered my painful fears. I still dream of the princely American, who made me believe in goodness again.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the poem, you can determine the author had just experienced:

A terrible divorce

A time of war

The birth of a child

A first love

From the poem, you can determine the author had just experienced a time of war. The poem speaks of American soldiers and Germans, along with rape and starvation; therefore, you can predict that the author was referring to a war that had just ended.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 13: The TR07 has been tested extensively in Emsland Germany, and is the only high-speed maglev system in the world ready for revenue service.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 13?

Change “has been” to “had been”

Change “world” to “World”

Change “service” to “services”

Insert a comma after “Emsland”

In order to correct sentence 13, you should insert a comma after “Emsland.” You should always use a comma to separate items in an address, and in this case, you need to separate the state (“Emsland”) and the country (“Germany”) with a comma. “World” is not a proper noun and does not need to be capitalized, unless it is used at the beginning of a sentence or in a title. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 9: However, consider that trees bring energy savings by moderating heat in commercial areas, and that landscaping with trees increase property values.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 9?

Remove the comma after “However”

Remove the comma after “areas”

Insert a comma after “savings”

Change “increase” to “increases”

In order to correct sentence 9, you would need to change “increase” to “increases.” The plural verb “increase” is referring to the singular subject “landscaping”; therefore, the verb also needs to be singular (“increases”). The comma after “However” and “areas” are correct, as commas are used to set off interjections and interruptions. The insertion of a comma after “savings” would cause a grammatical error.
It happened every Friday evening, almost without fail, when the sun resembled a giant orange and was starting to dip into the blue ocean. Old Ed came strolling along the beach to his favorite pier. Clutched in his bony hand was a bucket of shrimp. Ed walks out to the end of the pier, where it seems he almost has the world to himself. Standing on the end of the pier, Ed is alone with his thoughts...and his bucket of shrimp. Before long, however, he is no longer alone. Up in the sky a thousand white dots come screeching and squawking, winging their way toward that lanky frame standing there on the end of the pier. It wasn’t long until dozens of seagulls enveloped him, their wings fluttering and flapping wildly. Ed stands there tossing shrimp to the hungry birds. As he does, if you listen closely, you can hear him say with a smile, “Thank you. Thank you.” Eddie Rickenbacker was a famous hero back in World War ll. On one of his flying missions across the Pacific, he and his seven-member crew went down. Miraculously, all of the men survived, crawled out of their plane, and climbed into a life raft. Captain Rickenbacker and his crew floated for days on the rough waters of the Pacific. They fought the sun. They fought sharks. Most of all, they fought hunger. By the eighth day their rations ran out. No food. No Water. They were hundreds of miles from land and no one knew where they were. They needed a miracle. That afternoon they had a simple devontional service and prayed for a miracle. They tried to nap. Eddie leaned back and pulled his military cap over his nose. Time dragged. All he could hear was the slap of the waves against the raft. Suddenly, Eddie felt something land on the top of his cap. It was a seagull! Old Ed would later describe how he sat perfectly still, planning his next move. With a flash of his hand and a squawk from the gull, he managed to grab it and wring its neck. He tore the feathers off, and he and his starving crew made a meal - a very slight meal for eight men - of it. Then they used the intestines for bait. With it, they caught fish, which gave them food and more bait...and the cycle continued. With that simple survival technique, they were able to endure the rigors of the sea until they were found and rescued (after 24 days at sea).

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why did Ed feed the seagulls a bucket of shrimp every Friday night?

To say “thank you” for the sacrifice of that first life-saving seagull

He was a lonely old man with nothing to do on Friday night

He liked tossing shrimp to the hungry birds

He was a funny old coop that no one understood

You can eliminate he was a lonely old man with nothing to do on Friday night, although some may think that this was true. It was true he liked tossing the shrimp to the hungry birds, but that was not the true reason behind him feeding the seagulls. Ed was blessed that the seagull help save his and his men’s lives, and for that, he wanted to thank them.
Play Script Act One – The Village in the Snow MRS. LINDGREN: (exasperated) Oh dear, Christmas is almost here and nothing is ready! Every year we know we have the gathering of the Villages and every year we are not ready in time. MR. LINDGREN: (putting his arm on his wife’s shoulder) Come on dear. Try to relax a little. MRS. LINDGREN: I can’t, there’s just so much to do. I want everything to be perfect; no mistakes this year. MR. LINDGREN: Try not to think about it. At least we don’t have to worry about the presents. (Maya and Olaf come rushing in) OLAF: Hey, Dad, what was that you were saying about presents? MR. LINDGREN: Oh, nothing. We were just saying how Santa won’t be coming this year unless he sees that all the jobs have been done. OLAF: Yeah, we know. You’ve been saying that since before I was born. Why not just blame it on the stupid curse like everyone else does? MRS. LINDGREN: Olaf! Now you watch you’re tongue. I don’t want to have to ... MAYA: (interrupting) Mum, Dad, we’ve something to show you! MRS. LINDGREN: Not now Maya, I’m far too busy. MAYA: C’mon Mum! (Maya drags her parents out to center stage. The other children enter the stage dragging their parents out too) GROWN-UPS: Did you stack the firewood? Have you cleaned the grates? CHILDREN (ALL): YES! GROWN-UPS: Did you sort the apples out? And put them all in crates? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: Have you fed the animals? Has the straw been raked? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: What a lot of work you’ve done, it’s everything we’ve said! CHILDREN: YES! Now let’s play in the snow!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The passage makes it clear that the children:

Misbehave a lot

Will not be receiving Christmas presents

Have worked hard

Have been playing in the snow

The passage makes it clear that the children have worked hard. In this comprehension question, you can easily eliminate the wrong options, as the second half of the passage states all of the work that the children have completed.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: Dinosaur discoveries in Southeast Montana are nothing new.
If sentence 6 was rewritten to begin with "It is not new to" what should be the next words?

have discovered dinosaur remains

discover dinosaur remains

be discovering dinosaur remains

discovers remains of dinosaurs

This question is testing your knowledge regarding sentence tense. The first part of the sentence is written in present tense, so you need to look for an answer that is also written in the present tense. The option “have discovered” is written in the past tense, so it can be eliminated and the option “be discovering” is written in a future tense, so it can also be eliminated. The option “discovers remains” does not flow with the first part of the sentence and can be quickly eliminated.
How should trees be planted? There are different answers to this question, depending on the time of year that you are planning on planting the trees. However, there are two times of the year that are the best times to plant trees: in the spring and in the fall. It is a good idea to plant in the spring because the trees will have the opportunity to set roots and grow new leaves. It is also a good idea to plant trees in the fall because the trees are dormant and the branches are bare of leaves. The best thing that you can do is research a tree’s growing needs in order to find out if it requires a sunny open area or a wetter low-lying area. Then you will need to choose the right location and allow generous spacing, based on the tree’s expected mature size. Once you have found the perfect location, follow these tips: Dig a hole no deeper than the container and two to three times as wide as the container. If the soil is in poor condition, amend the soil with peat. Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil. Water thoroughly. Lightly mulch around the perimeter of the tree. Remember to water the tree as needed during the first year.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What is the author’s purpose behind writing this passage?

To inform the reader on what type of tree to plant

To inform the reader on how to know if their soil is ready for planting

To inform the reader on the importance planting a tree in the fall

To inform the reader on how to plant trees

The author’s purpose behind writing this passage is to inform the reader on how to plant trees, as can be determined from the passage’s opening question. The author provides the reader with step by step instructions on how to plant a tree; therefore, you can eliminate the other answer options.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: Who wants to drive a minivan that tells everyone we couldn't get the sports car because all of the kids and kids seats wouldn't fit in the latest model?
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Change “Who” to “Whom”

Change “kids seats” to “kids’ seats”

Change “that” to “which”

Change “tells” to “tell”

In order to correct sentence 7, you should change “kids seats” to “kids’ seats.” Although the word “kids” is plural, you still need to show it taking possession of the seats; therefore, you should write it as “kids’ seats.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
Today’s washing machine may have put the washboard out of business, but that doesn’t mean it plays second fiddle. In fact, the folks at the Washboard Music Festival are quick to showcase the tool’s musical attributes. The three-day festival spotlights the talents of jug bands and Dixieland groups from across the nation. So much so that the annual event has become an ideal destination for lovers of Appalachian culture, folk music, and country antiques. The idea for the festival was sparked in 1999, when the 117-year-old Columbus Washboard Company was facing the possibility of closing its doors forever due to declining revenue. In order to save the company, co-owner Jacqui Barnett moved the firm’s headquarters to southeast Ohio and launched the festival. Their mission was to bolster support for washboard musicians who depended on the company as the place to purchase their favorite instrument. In addition to factory tours, festival attendees can watch tractor-pulling shows and shop for arts and crafts on Main Street. Carnival rides, puppet shows, and costumed characters will entertain young and old throughout the day. “With the economy, many parents can’t afford (quality entertainment),” says Barnett. “Our event is free, and we really put on a good show.”

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, what was the purpose behind the Washboard Music Festival?

For quality entertainment that people can afford

For Appalachian culture lovers

To keep the Columbus Washboard Company from closing its doors

To raise money for disabled musicians

The answer to this question can be found in the first sentence of the second paragraph. The options stating that it was for free quality entertainment that people can afford and for Appalachian culture lovers are both true but not the purpose behind the festival. You can also eliminate “to raise money for disabled musicians,” because this was not inferred in the passage.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: Traditionally, its the last day for Catholics to indulge—and often overindulge—before Ash Wednesday starts the sober weeks of fasting that come with Lent.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Change “its” to “it’s”

Change “Ash” to “ash”

Change “Lent” to “lent”

Change “that” to “which”

The sentence is trying to say: “Traditionally, it is the ...”. Therefore, you should use “it’s,” which is the contraction for “it is.” “Ash” and “Lent” should both remain capitalized, as they are both holy days. The pronoun “that” is used correctly, as it refers to “sober weeks” in a restrictive clause (not set off with commas).

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: Do to extreme poverty, crime, and lack of infrastructure suburbs in developing parts of the world are characterized by a higher density and a lower standard of living.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 4?

Change “extreme” to “extremely”

Change “Do” to “Due”

Change “crime” to “crimes”

Change “a” to “an”

In order to correct sentence 4, you should change “Do” to “Due.” The word “do” means: “to perform, to execute, or to accomplish.” The word “due” means: “something owed or deserved.” In this sentence, suburbs are characterized because of their extreme poverty, crime, and lack of infrastructure; therefore, you would want to use the word “due,” not “do.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
In the given passage, you can determine that everyone is preparing for:

Christmas

Playing in the snow

A long winter storm

The gathering of the Villages

In the given passage, you can determine that everyone is preparing for the gathering of the Villages. In this comprehension question, you can quickly eliminate “playing in the snow” and “a long winter storm.” The children do want to play in the snow, but that is only after all of their work has been done. The other two options are not as easily eliminated, as the passage does state that Christmas is right around the corner, but the fact is, everyone is preparing and working hard in order to be ready for the gathering of the Villages, not Christmas itself.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: Because, of the desire for larger plots of land and the rural feel of the countryside, new developments are infringing upon more and more of the natural, uninhabited land.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Remove the comma after “Because”

Insert a comma after “of land”

Change “are” to “were”

Change “desire” to “desires”

In order to correct sentence 6, you should remove the comma after “Because.” You should use a comma after the conjunctive adverb “because” if it is following a transitional phrase. However, when the subordinating conjunction “Because” is used at the beginning of a sentence, it does not require the use of a comma after it. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes the American soldiers actions?

They were trying to rid the area of Germans

They were trying to comfort the civilians

They were trying to ration their food

They were trying to clean the streets

The option that best describes the actions of the American soldiers is: They were trying to comfort the civilians. The aftermath of war can be quite harmful to one’s emotional state; therefore, the soldiers were trying to lighten the mood by whistling and passing out candy, food, and clothing to the civilians. These actions were comforting to the civilians as stated during the poem: “with kindness he scattered my painful tears.”
Over the past few decades, nibbling and noshing has become almost constant. One report from the USDA found that people in the United States consume twice as many snacks as we did in 1977. Now, nearly a quarter of the calories in our diet, about 504 per day, are eaten between meals, which aren’t getting any smaller. “If you make smart choices, snacking can provide a nutritious energy boost and help keep appetite in check,” says Judy Caplan, R.D., a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Often, however, we reach for high-cal indulgences such as chips, cookies, and cheese crackers. Nonstop temptation could be to blame. Processed snacks have crept into 41 percent of all retail establishments, even clothing stores and home improvement centers, according to the American Journal of Public Health. As a result, many of us end up grabbing a candy bar whenever we buy new socks or lightbulbs. The better approach, Gerbstadt says: “Pack a snack from home that contains 100 - 200 calories, 10 -15 grams of protein, and 2 - 5 grams of fiber.”

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, when does nearly a quarter of the calories in our diet get consumed?

They are consumed for breakfast

They are consumed between meals

They are consumed while shopping at the hardware store

They are consumed during family dinners

This answer is found in the third sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. Although you can buy snacks at the hardware store, it is not when a quarter of our diets calories get consumed. The passage does not suggest how many calories are consumed during breakfast or dinner; therefore, you can eliminate those options as well.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: Its popularity in the 1880s and 1890s spurred interest in the nations roads.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 5?

Change “Its” to “It’s”

Change “nations” to “nation’s”

Change “spurred” to “spur”

Insert a comma after “popularity”

In order to correct sentence 5, you would need to change “nations” to “nation’s.” In this sentence, the nation is showing possession over the “roads.” Therefore, you would need to use the possessive form of nation (“nation’s”), instead of the plural form of nation (“nations”). “Its” is used correctly in its possessive form, as it is not trying to say: “It is popularity.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: The oldest krewe, the krewe of Comus, was founded in 1857 by men who feared the outrageous antics of Mardi Gras would lead to the holiday being outlawed.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “who” to “that”

Change “holiday” to “Holiday”

Change “feared” to “fear”

Change “krewe of Comus” to “Krewe of Comus”

Although the word “krewe” itself is not capitalized, it is being used in the official name of an organization and should be capitalized when written as “Krewe of Comus.” “Who” is referring to “men;” therefore, it is correctly being used to refer to a subject, not an object. “Holiday” is not a proper noun and should not be capitalized and the sentence is written in the past tense, so “feared” is grammatically correct.