Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 7 - online test

The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is one of the most beloved spring-blooming trees. Unfortunately, it can also be one of the most troublesome, because of its pest and disease problems that it is plagued with. A related species, the kousa dogwood (C. Kousa), is a wonderful alternative to the flowering dogwood. This small tree resists the pest and disease problems that plague the flowering dogwood and it is slightly more cold-hardy. However, it still provides gorgeous spring blooms and brilliant fall colors that are similar to its better-known counterpart. Unlike the flowering dogwood, the kousa dogwood flowers after leafing out and with ample water, the kousa dogwood can tolerate full sun, but it will do better with afternoon shade. It is generally available at most garden centers, so if you yearn for the charm of a dogwood, but not the problems, give this beauty a try.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, it can be inferred that:

The author would prefer to plant a flowering dogwood than a kousa dogwood

All dogwood trees are troublesome because of their disease problems

The author prefers only flowering trees

The author would prefer to plant a kousa dogwood than a flowering dogwood

From the passage, it can be inferred that the author would prefer to plant a kousa dogwood than a flowering dogwood. Throughout the passage, the author is stating the positives of the kousa dogwood, while pointing out the disadvantages of the flowering dogwood. Thus, the author is inferring that the kousa dogwood tree is better than the flowering dogwood tree. You can eliminate the option stating that the author prefers flowering trees, as the author did not compare a flowering tree to a non-flowering tree; therefore, the author could not have inferred that they preferred one over the other.
Play Script Act One – The Village in the Snow MRS. LINDGREN: (exasperated) Oh dear, Christmas is almost here and nothing is ready! Every year we know we have the gathering of the Villages and every year we are not ready in time. MR. LINDGREN: (putting his arm on his wife’s shoulder) Come on dear. Try to relax a little. MRS. LINDGREN: I can’t, there’s just so much to do. I want everything to be perfect; no mistakes this year. MR. LINDGREN: Try not to think about it. At least we don’t have to worry about the presents. (Maya and Olaf come rushing in) OLAF: Hey, Dad, what was that you were saying about presents? MR. LINDGREN: Oh, nothing. We were just saying how Santa won’t be coming this year unless he sees that all the jobs have been done. OLAF: Yeah, we know. You’ve been saying that since before I was born. Why not just blame it on the stupid curse like everyone else does? MRS. LINDGREN: Olaf! Now you watch you’re tongue. I don’t want to have to ... MAYA: (interrupting) Mum, Dad, we’ve something to show you! MRS. LINDGREN: Not now Maya, I’m far too busy. MAYA: C’mon Mum! (Maya drags her parents out to center stage. The other children enter the stage dragging their parents out too) GROWN-UPS: Did you stack the firewood? Have you cleaned the grates? CHILDREN (ALL): YES! GROWN-UPS: Did you sort the apples out? And put them all in crates? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: Have you fed the animals? Has the straw been raked? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: What a lot of work you’ve done, it’s everything we’ve said! CHILDREN: YES! Now let’s play in the snow!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
It can be inferred from the excerpt that the previous year’s gathering of Villages:

Was enjoyed by all

Was prepared for in advance

Received very little snowfall

Did not go as planned

It can be inferred from the excerpt that the previous year’s gathering of Villages did not go as planned. You can obtain the answer to this question by the process of elimination. The excerpt does not state anything about whether or not people enjoyed the previous year’s gathering, nor does it state anything in regards to its snowfall. Those options can be eliminated. Mrs. Lindgren clearly stated that they are never ready in time for the gathering; thus, that option can be eliminated. Therefore, the correct option is: “did not go as planned.” Mrs. Lindgren’s statement: “no mistakes this year,” implies that there were mistakes in the past.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: Start by reading the new dress code policy, so that you understand them.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 10?

Change “Start” to “Starting”

Change “that” to “which”

Change “them” to “it”

Change “understand” to “understands”

In order to correct sentence 10, you should change “them” to “it.” You must look at what the pronoun is referencing. In this case “them” is referencing “dress code policy,” which is singular. Therefore, you need to replace the plural pronoun “them” with the singular pronoun “it.”
Pixar’s latest film is a bomb of adventure and comedy that will surely entertain everyone. With very well rounded characters that are each very funny in their own way, “Up” creates a mildly compelling story that will more than once bring tears to your eyes, not only of laughter but also for the tenderness that the main character constantly evokes though his actions. Here we have an old man, a cranky widower, who has lost his wife and reluctantly keeps on living. When he is forced to abandon the house he has lived in all his life, he decides to attach a lot of balloons to the roof of the house and just fly away to South America. There he will encounter a graciously clumsy bird, a pack of semi-intelligent dogs and a long lost adventurer. But what really makes this a great movie are not the frantic action sequences but the motive behind the old man’s journey. As always, Pixar’s animations are top notch. The movements, textures and colors are all masterfully done. Perhaps the initial amazement people went through with the first computed animated movies is all gone, but the stories remain solid. Overall, it is fair to say that this film will appeal to adults and children alike, thanks to it quirky but also sentimental tone. Check it out.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the film reviewer, “Up” is known for its:

Humorous storyline

Indecisive characters

Mildly compelling story

Nail-biting suspense

“Up” is known for its mildly compelling story. This option is discussed in the review’s first paragraph. The reviewer did state that the film evoked laughter, but the storyline was about the old man’s journey. The reviewer did not imply that the characters were indecisive, nor did the reviewer imply that the film was suspenseful; therefore, those two options can be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: At this same time, two bicycle mechanics in Springfield Massachusetts, the Duryea Brothers, built the first gasoline-powered "motor wagon" to be operated in the United States.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the punctuation in sentence 8?

Insert a comma after “Springfield”

Remove the comma after “time”

Remove the hyphen after “gasoline”

Remove the comma after “Massachusetts”

In order to correct sentence 8, you would need to insert a comma after “Springfield.” You should use a comma to set off items in an address, and when a city and state appear in the middle of a sentence, you should use a comma after the state. Therefore, you would want to set off the city and state (i.e. “Springfield, Massachusetts”) and leave the comma after “Massachusetts.” “At this same time,” is being used as an introductory phrase and would need to use a comma to set it off from the remainder of the sentence. The use of the hyphen in “gasoline-powered” is appropriate, as the author is using it to form an adjective.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes the reviewer’s opinion towards the film?

A film with poor animations

A film with a weak storyline

A film that puts you to sleep

A top-notch film

The option that best describes the reviewer’s opinion of the film is: A top-notch film. This answer is found in the review’s third paragraph. The reviewer stated that the film had animations that were masterfully done with a solid story; therefore it did not have poor animations or a weak storyline. The review also stated that the movie would bring the viewer to tears through humor and the character’s actions; therefore, the movie should not put the viewer to sleep.
Jerky is lean meat that has been trimmed of fat, cut into strips, and then dried to prevent spoilage. Normally, this drying includes the addition of salt, to prevent bacteria from developing on the meat before sufficient moisture has been removed. The word "jerky" is derived from the Spanish word charqui, which is from the Quechua word ch'arki, which means to burn (meat). All that is needed to produce basic "jerky" is a low-temperature drying method, and salt to inhibit bacterial growth. Modern manufactured jerky is normally marinated in a seasoned spice rub or liquid, and dried, dehydrated, or smoked with low heat. Some makers still use just salt and sundry fresh sliced meat to make jerky. Some product manufacturers finely grind meat, mix in seasonings, and press the meat-paste into flat shapes prior to drying. The resulting jerky from the above methods would be a salty and/or savory snack. However, often a sweet or semi-sweet recipe is used, with sugar being a major ingredient. Jerky is ready-to-eat and needs no additional preparation. It can be stored for months without refrigeration. When the protein to moisture content ratio is correct, the resulting meat is cured, or preserved.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The author’s purpose behind writing this passage is to:

Provide directions

Tell a story

Inform the reader

Persuade the reader

The author’s purpose behind writing this passage is to inform the reader. The passage is informing the reader on what jerky is, how it is made, and how to store it. The passage is not providing the reader with step-by-step directions, nor is it telling a story about jerky. The passage may persuade the reader to try jerky, but that is not the author’s intent, as the passage is not implying that the reader should try it or stating how good it tastes.
Eighty-Eight by Nicholas Gordan Eighty-eight spends much of life in bed, Interred beyond her time in drugs and pain. Grateful only for the gift of sleep, Having lost the will to laugh or weep, The shrunken doll repeats just one refrain, Yearning for the comforts of the dead. Even so, the trail of pills has led Into a world she grapples with in vain, Grasping for a grace she cannot keep, Harsh and vivid hauntings of the brain That make of life a stew of joy and dread.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What is meant by “grapples” in line 8?

Wrestles

Enjoys

Appreciates

Releases

The word “grapples” means wrestles. The woman is wrestling with wanting to keep alive and wanting to move on, as her pain and medications make her current life dreadful, but she is remembering all the joys that her life had brought her.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 3: Trucks deliver seed fertilizer to suppliers and the farm and food to our nation’s grocers.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 3?

Replace “grocers” with “grocer’s”

Insert a comma after “suppliers”

Insert “and” after “seed”

Replace “our” with “are”

In order to correct sentence 3, the conjunction “and” should be inserted after “seed.” The use of the conjunction “and” between “seed” and “fertilizer” helps to clarify that the trucks are delivering both, seed and fertilizer; not fertilizer for seed. The plural form of “grocers” is correct and the possessive form should not be used, nor is a comma needed after “suppliers.” The use and spelling of the word “our” is appropriately used in the sentence.
One of the easiest questions I’ve ever been asked is: “What’s your favorite year?” There’s no question that when it comes to cars, 1967 was the best. In 1967, I turned 16, got my driver’s license and became a full-blown car junkie. For a kid, it doesn’t get much better than driving around and chasing girls. The cars were great, even if my first car, a 1966 MG 1100, wasn’t. But my rides soon got better, beginning with a 1959 Beetle. For many cars, 1967 saw the ultimate development of both styling and power, before bumper and headlamp height requirements hit and smog controls were introduced. Take the Jaguar E-Type. That car was at its peak. Power and torque were as high as they would get, and the looks were still perfect, with those delicate bumpers and covered headlights. As humble as it may have been, to me the 1967 VW Beetle was one of the best cars ever built. The design was super simple, and the 1967 model had the most horsepower per pound for any air-cooled VW. It still had the early chrome bumpers, and thanks to the 12-volt electrics, it started easily and had good headlamps. I’ve had one for years. Another car from 1967 that blew me away was the Z28 Camaro with that incredible high-revving 302 small-block. I’ve been exposed to Ferraris and other high-revving engines, but I wasn’t use to an American pushrod engine that was good for something like 8,000 rpm. I’m still waiting for the right Z28. Although the Olds Toronado came along in 1966, its Eldorado cousin followed in 1967, and they were real feats of engineering. Imagine, a front-wheel-drive car with a big, heavy V-8! Both have styling to die for, even down to the hubcaps. And if you look at the wheels, grille, and hood profile of the Toronado, that car channels the Cord 810. But of all the cars built in 1967, if I could have just one, it would be a Ferrari 275 GTB/4. It was incredibly beautiful, and its four-cam engine was amazing. It was the ultimate in dream cars, but at the time you could barely give them away.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can infer that the author is:

An old man

A mechanic

A history teacher

A car lover

From the passage, you can infer that the author was a car lover. The article starts by stating the author’s favorite year, but the way that the author names off the different cars, along with their engines and body parts, you can infer that he is a car lover. You may think that the author is an old man, but the article is not dated; therefore, you cannot tell for sure what the man’s age is. A mechanic is also a good choice, but the article doesn’t imply that the author worked on the vehicles.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 3: By the time it ended with Morgan’s capture in Northeast Ohio, it had spread terror across the entire state.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 3?

Change “Northeast” to “northeast”

Change “By the time it ended” to “Finally, it ended”

Change “state” to “States”

Change “state” to “states”

Sentence 3 contains a capitalization error, as “northeast” is being used to indicate a direction, and should not be capitalized. Words that are being used to indicate a particular section of a country should be capitalized, but words that indicate direction, should not. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentences 7 and 8: How can you not use one, when she does all this? And without knowing how to read.
Which of the following options best represents how the underlined portion of these sentences should be written?

this without

this, and without

this? And without

this; and without

Sentence 7 and 8 both follow the same train of thought; therefore, the two sentences make more sense as one complete sentence. The combined sentence is a complete sentence without the use of a coordinating conjunction (“and”).

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: The meters are sometimes met with resistance from citizen groups; vigilantes from Alabama and Texas attempted to destroy the meters en masse.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 5?

Insert a comma after Alabama

Change “resistance” to “resistances”

Change “to” to “two”

Change “are” to “were”

In order to correct sentence 5, you would need to change “are” to “were.” The sentence is written in the past tense; therefore, the verb needs to also be written in the past tense. “Are” is a present tense verb and “were” is a past tense verb. When there are only two items in a list, you should not use a comma after the first item. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
The oldest constructed roads discovered to date are in former Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq. These stone paved streets date back to about 4000 B.C. in the Mesopotamia cities of Ur and Babylon. The lands of the Sumerian people offered fertile soil and, with irrigation, crops and livestock were raised successfully. The Sumerians used meticulous brick-making skills, forming identical mud bricks for building. After drying they would take them to the site of a temple and set them in place with bitumen. Bitumen is the natural sticky black substance in asphalt. Centuries would pass before asphalt was used in Europe and America. Glastonbury, the Ancient Isle of Avalon in Somerset, England, was the site of an interesting discovery when timber roads were discovered in a swampy area. Glastonbury, known for King Arthur’s legends and believed to be the actual site of Camelot, has had a pilgrimage since ancient times as it is home to Glastonbury Abbey. Bringing much early “traffic” into the area and requiring roads for the transportation of carts and animal-drawn wagons, the timber roads served the purpose, but more advanced roadways were in the future.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, where were the oldest constructed roads discovered?

Mesopotamia

Europe

America

England

The oldest constructed roads were discovered in Mesopotamia, which date back to about 4000 B.C. The passage informs you that Mesopotamia used asphalt roads centuries before Europe and America did, so those two options can be eliminated. The passage also informs you about the discovery of timber roads in England, but the passage’s first sentence identifies Mesopotamia as having the oldest constructed roads.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: Morgan’s Raid achieved both those “goals as” many as 8,000 Union soldiers were engaged in either chasing him or engaging him in battle at Buffington Island, where he and his men were trying to slip back across the Ohio River into West Virginia and return southward.
Which of the following options demonstrates the best way to write the words in quotation marks in Sentence 6?

goals, as

goals, or as

goals; however, as

goals. As

Sentence 6 contains two independent clauses that should be separated by using a period. Therefore, “goals. As” is the correct answer option. The use of a comma after “goals” does not appropriately separate the two independent clauses and the insertion of “however” does not fit with the sentence’s meaning.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: Needy families and individuals in are community go without proper food, shelter, and essential medical care every day due to a variety of factors including low wages, job loss, injuries, illness, age, domestic violence, or divorce.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Replace “due” with “do”

Remove the comma after “violence”

Replace “are” with “our”

Change “individuals” to “individual”

In order to correct sentence 1, you need to replace “are” with “our.” This sentence contains an error with a commonly misused word. The word “are” is a verb that is used as a second person singular simple present tense of the word ‘be’ or the first, second, or third person plural simple present tense of the word ‘be’. The word “our” is used to mean “belonging to us” or “of us.” In this sentence, the author is talking about the community that belongs to them; therefore, “our” is the correct word to use.
Panning for gold isn't easy but it can be fun if a prospector is in the right frame of mind. Perfecting the gold panning technique takes patience. Gold panning works because gold is a heavy metal and the material around gold, like dirt, is generally light. The object of gold panning is to separate the gold from the dirt as the pan moves in the water. The dirt floats out of the pan and the gold stays in. First, clean the pan and classifier. The pan and classifier will have oil in it from the manufacturing process. It is important to thoroughly clean the pan with dish detergent and a scouring pad before you get to the creek. Otherwise, the gold will float right out of the pan. Second, dig for gold. Once you've located the best area to pan for gold, put on your rubber boots and rubber gloves. The boots will protect your feet from the water in the creek. The gloves will help keep your hands clean as you dig through dirt. Take a spade and dig in the dirt on the bank of the creek. Use the classifier or screen to remove big rocks from the dirt material and fill the pan about three-quarters full. Third, immerse the pan in the water. As the water moves into the pan, the dirt will float out. Shake the pan from side to side while immersed in the water. Lift the pan out of the water and slightly dip the pan in the water, tilting it so that the water washes over the dirt like a wave over sand. Continue to wash the dirt in this manner, immersing the pan, then washing the dirt. Make sure that as you get closer to the heavier material, you keep the dirt with gold in it in the pan. Fourth, clean the gold. Keep panning until you have panned all the way down to the visible gold. Use the water to separate the gold from the dirt by tilting and moving the pan until the gold is on one end of the pan and the dirt is on the other. Lastly, remove the gold from the pan. Fill the snuffer bottle, a plastic bottle with a tube at the top, half way with water. Use the snuffer bottle to suck up the gold that is in the pan. Pour gold out of the snuffer bottle and place it in a glass or clear plastic tube.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following attributes should an individual have if he or she wanted to pan for gold?

Wealth

Patience

Impulsiveness

Intolerance

An individual, who is panning for gold, should have patience. This answer is explained in the passage’s second sentence. The passage does not state that panning for gold is an expensive hobby; therefore, the individual does not need wealth. Impulsiveness and intolerance are the antonyms for patience; therefore, they can be eliminated.
The way most murder mystery dinners usually work is that the host of the party purchases a kit. The kit includes a story about a murder that occurs either during the course of the dinner or before the party even begins. There are a specific number of characters in the story to match the size of your group, with background information, costume instructions and a package of clues for each one. The more outrageously your guests dress up, the greater the potential for an entertaining evening. Also included in the kit may be invitations to the party, a guide to running the mystery (with party tips) for the host, and even prizes for the person who guesses the murderer. You must insist that your guests RSVP for this party, since all characters must be played. You wouldn't want the murderer to be a "no show."

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

The murder always happens before the dinner occurs

A murder mystery dinner requires a minimum of six guests

Murder mystery dinners are a group activity

A sit-down dinner is required when hosting the party

The passage states that the murder could happen before or during the dinner; therefore, it does not “always” happen before dinner. The passage does not state that there is a minimum number of guests required for the party, nor does it state that the dinner is required to be a sit-down dinner; therefore, you can eliminate those two options.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: The name Magee-Hale Park-O-Meter Company was later changed to the P.O.M. company, a trademarked name made from the initials of Park-O-Meter.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Change “company” to “Company”

Change “a” to “an”

Change “to” to “too”

Change “name” to “names”

In order to correct sentence 6, you would need to change “company” to “Company.” The word “company” is being used as part of the organization’s official name; therefore it should be capitalized. If “company” were to be used within the sentence, it would not be capitalized. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: If you should determine that the policy does not effect you, you may be shocked to find that it does.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 8?

Replace “to” with “too”

Change “effect” to “affect”

Change “does not” to “do not”

Replace “find” with “found”

In order to correct sentence 8, you should change “effect” to “affect.” This question contained a commonly misused word. “Effect” is used to mean: to produce, to accomplish, or to complete. “Affect” is used to mean: to influence. In this sentence, it is implying that the policy will have an influence (or affect) on you; therefore, “effect” should be replaced with “affect.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: Typically eukaryotic cells are more complex and much larger than prokaryotic cells.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 8?

Change “than” to “then”

Change “are” to “were”

Insert a comma after “Typically”

Change “eukaryotic” to “Eukaryotic”

A comma should be used to separate an interjection from the rest of the sentence. “Than” is used correctly in the sentence, as you use “than” in comparative statements (“larger than”) and you use “then” as a time marker or with a sequence of events. “Are” is correctly used in the present tense and “eukaryotic” should not be capitalized.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: This latter approach can be thought of as an I-win, you-lose outcome which will almost always result in a situation that one party strongly resents.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 5?

Change “an” to “a”

Change “result” to “results”

Change “which” to “that”

Change “resents” to “resented”

Sentence 5 contains a pronoun error. The pronoun “which” is not used correctly, as it should be used to refer to “outcome” in a nonrestrictive clause (set off with commas). Therefore, “which” should be replaced with “that,” as the pronoun “that” should be used to refer to “outcome” in a restrictive clause. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: By the 1930s, Germanys Hermann Kemper was developing a concept and demonstrating the use of magnetic fields to combine the advantages of trains and airplanes.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Change “demonstrating” to “demonstrated”

Change “advantages” to “advantage”

Insert a comma after “Kemper”

Change “Germanys” to “Germany’s”

In order to correct sentence 2, you should show Germany having possession of Herman Kemper; therefore, Germany should be written as “Germany’s.” “Demonstrating” is used parallel with “developing” and should not be changed. “Advantages” needs to remain plural, as it is referring to two items: “trains and airplanes.” The sentence does not require the use of a comma after “Kemper.”

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: I understand that the decision are being considered to enable street widening that will accommodate increasingly heavier traffic.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Change “increasingly” to “increasing”

Change “considered” to “consider”

Change “street” to “Street”

Change “are” to “is”

In order to correct sentence 2, you would need to change “are” to “is.” The subject (“decision”) that the verb (“are”) is referring to is singular; therefore, the verb needs to be singular (“is”). The word “street” should not be capitalized, as it is not being used as a proper street name. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
The microwave oven did not come about as a result of someone trying to find a better, faster way to cook. During World War II, two scientists invented the magnetron, a tube that produces microwaves. Installing magnetrons in Britain’s radar system, the microwaves were able to spot Nazi warplanes on their way to bomb the British Isles. By accident, several years later, it was discovered that microwaves also cook food. Called the Radar Range, the first microwave oven to go on the market was roughly as large and heavy as a refrigerator. The idea of using microwave energy to cook food was accidentally discovered by Percy LeBaron Spencer of the Raytheon Company when he found that radar waves had melted a candy bar in his pocket. Experiments showed that microwave heating could raise the internal temperature of many foods far more rapidly than a conventional oven.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can determine that:

Microwaves are not environmentally friendly

Microwaves are used to bomb other countries

Microwaves use more electricity than refrigerators

Microwaves are used for more than just cooking

The passage identifies that the microwave is used to cook food at a faster speed, but that it was not originally invented for that purpose. The microwave was originally invented to spot Nazi warplanes. Therefore, you can determine that the microwave does more than just cook food. The passage does not imply that the microwave is harmful to the environment or that it uses more electricity than refrigerators; therefore, those two options can be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: With the SUV we could be the sporty, explorer, outdoor enthusiast.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the punctuation in sentence 8?

Remove the comma after “explorer”

Remove the comma after “sporty”

Insert a comma after “SUV”

Insert a comma after “outdoor”

In order to correct the punctuation in sentence 8, you should remove the comma after “sporty.” The sentence is trying to say that you could be a sporty explorer, not a sporty, explorer, and outdoor enthusiast; therefore, you would not want a comma separating “sporty” and “explorer.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
The American buffalo is a symbol of the United States, much like the bald eagle. They were once found roaming wild from Alaska down through Mexico. It is estimated that there were once over 60 million buffalo in the United States, traveling in herds throughout the Great Plains. American buffalo, also called bison, are large, shaggy animals with long black horns that end in a sharp tip. Due to their abundance, bison were a central figure in the culture of many Native American tribes, especially those who lived in the plains extending from southern Canada down through most of the central mid-west region of the United States. The Native Americans were able to use every part of the buffalo, letting nothing go to waste. In the middle to late 1800's, the United States government encouraged the slaughter of millions of American buffalo. It was hoped that by getting rid of the buffalo, the government could also solve the problem they were having with the Native Americans. The slaughter reached its peak during the 1870s, with estimates putting the number of buffalo killed during the first three or four years of that decade alone at more than four and a half million. By the time the American government stepped in, reversing its decision on killing the buffalo, there were less than 100 left in the country. It was thought that the American buffalo was headed for extinction. Fortunately, due to individual ranchers, new government legislation, and safe grazing areas on state lands, the bison have made a comeback. There are only two known wild buffalo herds left in North America, but they are raised by the thousands on ranches and farms all over the United States and Canada. Although there will never be as many as there once were, the American buffalo is no longer facing the threat of extinction.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the given passage, which of the following options did not help the American buffalo make a comeback?

Individual ranchers

Government legislation

Safe grazing areas

Native Americans

The passage directly states that the American buffalo made a comeback “due to individual ranchers, new government legislation, and safe grazing areas on state lands.” The passage does not imply or state that the Native Americans helped save the American buffalo; therefore, this option can be eliminated.
Simply put, cheese making is the science of converting a glass of milk into a block of cheese. Taken a step further, cheese making is the final step in a process that begins with the transfer of sunlight energy into plants; the transformation of that sunlight energy and plant nutrition into milk; and the transformation of sunlight energy, plant nutrition, and animal nutrition into cheese: a natural energy bar high in protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. Fortunately, nature and the animals take care of the first two parts of the cheese-making process. All a cheese maker has to do is transform liquid milk into a solid. How do they do this? Basically, by repeatedly conducting a scientific experiment under carefully controlled conditions, with different variables such as milk type; time of year; types of starter cultures; types of rennet; and how the curd is cut, worked, formed, and aged. Wonderfully, it's these same variables that make room for art, and successful cheese makers have learned how to use them with the restraint and creativity needed to produce some of the world's most exquisite tastes.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage you can infer that the author:

Likes nature

Is an artist

Likes cheese

Is a scientist

From the passage you can infer that the author likes cheese. The author of the passage is describing how cheese is made and ends the passage by stating that cheese makers have produced some of the world’s most exquisite tastes; therefore, you can assume that the author likes cheese. The author refers to nature, art, and science, but the passage does not imply that the author likes nature, is an artist, or is a scientist.
It happened every Friday evening, almost without fail, when the sun resembled a giant orange and was starting to dip into the blue ocean. Old Ed came strolling along the beach to his favorite pier. Clutched in his bony hand was a bucket of shrimp. Ed walks out to the end of the pier, where it seems he almost has the world to himself. Standing on the end of the pier, Ed is alone with his thoughts...and his bucket of shrimp. Before long, however, he is no longer alone. Up in the sky a thousand white dots come screeching and squawking, winging their way toward that lanky frame standing there on the end of the pier. It wasn’t long until dozens of seagulls enveloped him, their wings fluttering and flapping wildly. Ed stands there tossing shrimp to the hungry birds. As he does, if you listen closely, you can hear him say with a smile, “Thank you. Thank you.” Eddie Rickenbacker was a famous hero back in World War ll. On one of his flying missions across the Pacific, he and his seven-member crew went down. Miraculously, all of the men survived, crawled out of their plane, and climbed into a life raft. Captain Rickenbacker and his crew floated for days on the rough waters of the Pacific. They fought the sun. They fought sharks. Most of all, they fought hunger. By the eighth day their rations ran out. No food. No Water. They were hundreds of miles from land and no one knew where they were. They needed a miracle. That afternoon they had a simple devontional service and prayed for a miracle. They tried to nap. Eddie leaned back and pulled his military cap over his nose. Time dragged. All he could hear was the slap of the waves against the raft. Suddenly, Eddie felt something land on the top of his cap. It was a seagull! Old Ed would later describe how he sat perfectly still, planning his next move. With a flash of his hand and a squawk from the gull, he managed to grab it and wring its neck. He tore the feathers off, and he and his starving crew made a meal - a very slight meal for eight men - of it. Then they used the intestines for bait. With it, they caught fish, which gave them food and more bait...and the cycle continued. With that simple survival technique, they were able to endure the rigors of the sea until they were found and rescued (after 24 days at sea).

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, what made a very slight meal for Ed and his crew while they were fighting starvation on the Pacific Ocean?

The fish they caught

The intestines from the seagull

The rations that they had saved

The seagull Ed managed to catch

This answer is found in the passage’s third paragraph. It is true that the men lived on the fish they caught with the intestines from the seagull, but that is not what made them a slight meal. You can eliminate the rations, because the passage stated that they had only lasted until the eighth day.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, why does the panning process work for uncovering gold?

Gold is magnetic

Gold is a heavy metal

Gold does not dissolve in water

Gold will float to the top

The panning process works for uncovering gold because gold is a heavy metal. This is explained in the third sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. The passage does not state that gold is magnetic or that it does not dissolve in water; therefore, those two options can be eliminated. The passage states that the material around the gold is lighter than the gold, as gold is a heavy metal; therefore, the passage implies that gold does not float.
The bald eagle is the only eagle that is unique to North America. Bald eagles are found over most of North America, from Alaska and Canada to northern Mexico. About half of the world's 70,000 bald eagles live in Alaska. They flourish in Alaska in part because of the salmon. Bald eagles do not generally feed on chickens or other domestic livestock, but they will make use of available food sources including carrion. Eagles, like all birds, have color vision. An eagle's eye is almost as large as a human's, but its sharpness is at least four times that of a person with perfect vision. The eagle can probably identify a rabbit moving almost a mile away. An eagle reaches sexual maturity at around four or five years of age, which is also when they assume the familiar dark body with white head. Bald eagles mate for life, but when one dies, the survivor will not hesitate to accept a new mate. 
Bald eagles build their nests in large trees near rivers or coasts. A typical nest is around 5 feet in diameter and eagles often use the same nest year after year. Over the years, some nests become enormous, as much as 9 feet in diameter, weighing two tons. Even when a nest tree falls or a strong wind blows a nest down, the established pair usually rebuilds at or near the site within a few weeks if it is near the breeding season.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
What does the author mean by the statement “bald eagles mate for life”?

Bald eagles stay with their family until they die

Bald eagles remain friends with one another for life

Bald eagles use the same nest for their entire life

Two bald eagles are a couple until one passes away

The option that best describes what is meant by the author’s use of the statement “bald eagles mate for life” is: Two bald eagles are a couple until one passes away. The remainder of the sentence helps you to understand what is meant by “mate for life,” as it informs you that when one dies, the other one will not hesitate to find a new mate; therefore, you can determine that two bald eagles remain a couple until one passes away. The passage does imply that bald eagles use the same nest for a long period of time; however, the nest does not relate to an eagle’s mating habits in this passage.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following options best identifies the negative result of planting a flowering dogwood?

It is prone to pest and disease

It is the most beloved spring-blooming tree

It flowers before leafing out

It requires an abundance of water

The answer to this question is explained in the second sentence of the first paragraph. It is true that “it is the most beloved spring-blooming tree,” but that is not a negative result, that is a positive result. The options that state “It flowers before leafing out” and “It requires an abundance of water” can both be eliminated, as those options both refer to the kousa dogwood, not the flowering dogwood.