Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 6 - online test

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 17: This device was designed to keep cars from sliding under the excursion during a collision.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 17?

Change “a” to “an”

Change “designed” to “design”

Change “excursion” to “Excursion”

Change “collision” to “collisions”

In order to correct sentence 17, you should change “excursion” to “Excursion.” In this sentence “excursion” is being used as a proper name of a vehicle; therefore, it should be written as “Excursion.” As a rule, “an” should only be used before words that start with a vowel (i.e. a, e, i, o, and u) or before a word that contains an unpronounced “h” (i.e. hour). Therefore, “a” should be used before words that begin with a consonant (i.e. b, c, d, f, ...). In this sentence, the “a” is used correctly. By using “was” the sentence shows that it is in the past tense; therefore, the verb “designed” needs to remain in the past tense. The word “collision” is used appropriately in the sentence and should not be changed.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 12: But the Government is getting involved and calling SUVs dangerous.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 12?

Insert a comma after “But”

Change “is” to “are”

Change “Government” to “government”

Change “calling” to “called”

In order to correct sentence 12, you should change “Government” to “government.” “Government” is not a proper noun; therefore, it should only be capitalized if it is used at the beginning of a sentence or within a title. You should use a comma after the conjunctive adverb “but” if it is following a transitional phrase. However, when the subordinating conjunction “but” is used at the beginning of a sentence, it does not require the use of a comma after it. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 14: You want to listen to music on your phone, then look for the symbol that shows a musical note.
Which of the following options best represents how the underlined portion of the sentence should be written?

If you want to listen to music on your phone, then

You want to listen to music on your phone, then

Listening to music on your phone, you want, then

Why you want to listen to music on your phone, then

In order to fix the comma splice error in sentence 14, you can add the subordinating conjunction “if” to the beginning of it. By adding “if” to the beginning of the sentence, it makes the first clause dependent and the second clause independent. This change will then give you a complete sentence.
The way most murder mystery dinners usually work is that the host of the party purchases a kit. The kit includes a story about a murder that occurs either during the course of the dinner or before the party even begins. There are a specific number of characters in the story to match the size of your group, with background information, costume instructions and a package of clues for each one. The more outrageously your guests dress up, the greater the potential for an entertaining evening. Also included in the kit may be invitations to the party, a guide to running the mystery (with party tips) for the host, and even prizes for the person who guesses the murderer. You must insist that your guests RSVP for this party, since all characters must be played. You wouldn't want the murderer to be a "no show."

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following options would make the murder mystery dinner more entertaining?

If the murderer didn’t show up

If you have more guests than character parts

If the guests dressed the part

If the murder occurs before dinner begins

The passage informs you that there is a greater potential for an entertaining evening if the guests dress the part, which is located in the last sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. The passage directs you to have your guests RSVP, because you wouldn’t want the murderer to be a no show; therefore, you can eliminate that option. The passage also infers that you would want each guest to have an assigned character; otherwise, there would be some guests with nothing to do. The passage also states that the murder can occur before or during dinner; therefore, it wouldn’t make the dinner more entertaining if it happened before and not during.
Today’s washing machine may have put the washboard out of business, but that doesn’t mean it plays second fiddle. In fact, the folks at the Washboard Music Festival are quick to showcase the tool’s musical attributes. The three-day festival spotlights the talents of jug bands and Dixieland groups from across the nation. So much so that the annual event has become an ideal destination for lovers of Appalachian culture, folk music, and country antiques. The idea for the festival was sparked in 1999, when the 117-year-old Columbus Washboard Company was facing the possibility of closing its doors forever due to declining revenue. In order to save the company, co-owner Jacqui Barnett moved the firm’s headquarters to southeast Ohio and launched the festival. Their mission was to bolster support for washboard musicians who depended on the company as the place to purchase their favorite instrument. In addition to factory tours, festival attendees can watch tractor-pulling shows and shop for arts and crafts on Main Street. Carnival rides, puppet shows, and costumed characters will entertain young and old throughout the day. “With the economy, many parents can’t afford (quality entertainment),” says Barnett. “Our event is free, and we really put on a good show.”

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to his actions in the above passage, which of the following options would best describe Jacqui Barnett?

Distraught

Overbearing

Resourceful

Polite

The option that best describes Jacqui Barnett is resourceful. Barnett was resourceful because instead of allowing the washboard company to shut their doors, he came up with a new mission to save the company using their current product. The other three options were not implied in the given passage and can all be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 11: A maglev line between Hamburg and Berlin is under consideration in Germany with private financing and potentially with additional support from individual states in northern Germany along the proposed route.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 11?

Change “northern” to “Northern”

Insert a comma after “Hamburg”

Change “states” to “States”

Change “from” to “for”

In order to correct sentence 11, you should change “northern” to “Northern.” In this sentence, “northern” is being used to represent a section of Germany; therefore, it should be capitalized. If you used “northern” to show direction (head north), it would not be capitalized. When the there are only two items in a list, you do not need to separate them with a comma; therefore, you do not need a comma after “Hamburg.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: In 1992 P.O.M. began marketing and selling the first fully electronic parking meter, the patented "APM" Advanced Parking Meter, with features such as a free-fall coin chute and a choice of solar or battery power.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Insert a comma after “1992”

Replace “marketing” with “to market”

Change “patented” to “Patented”

Insert a comma after “solar”

In order to correct sentence 7, you would need to insert a comma after “1992.” “In 1992” is an introductory phrase of the sentence; therefore, a comma should be used to separate it from the remainder of the sentence. “Marketing” is correctly parallel with “selling” and should not be changed. “Patented” is not a proper name and should only be capitalized when used at the beginning of a sentence or within the name of a title. When there are only two items in a list, you should not use a comma after the first item; therefore, you do not need a comma after “solar.”

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: In 1971, the FRA awarded contracts to the Ford Motor Company and the Stanford Research Institute for analytic and experimental development of EMS and EDS systems.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 5?

Insert a comma after “Company”

Change “analytic” to “analytical”

Change “systems” to “system”

Change “contracts” to “a contract”

In order to correct sentence 5, you should replace “analytic” with “analytical.” This sentence contains a parallelism error. “Analytic” is not parallel with “experimental”; therefore, to fix the error, you should replace “analytic” with “analytical.” When there are only two items in a series, you do not need to put a comma after the first item; therefore, you do not need a comma after “Company.” “Systems” should remain plural as it is referring to two items: “EMS and EDS.” “Contracts” should also remain plural as it is referring to two items: “Ford Motor Company and the Stanford Research Institute.”
The compass is an instrument used for navigation; it generally has a magnetic needle that points toward the earth's magnetic North Pole. The magnetic compass has been in existence for nearly a thousand years and is the most common type of compass. Magnetic compasses, the most simple and common type of compass, are aligned to the earth's magnetic field. These compasses point to the earth's magnetic North Pole. Magnetic compasses are very simple, easily built devices, but must be laid completely flat on a platform, require some time to adjust to a turned platform, and may suffer interference from local magnetic fields. In order to adjust a magnetic compass to due or true north and toward the geographic North Pole, one must know the amount of magnetic declination that exists in a specific region. There are online maps and calculators available that provide the difference in declination between true north and magnetic north for every point on the globe. By adjusting one's magnetic compass based on the local magnetic declination, it is possible to ensure that one's directions are accurate.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can determine that the earth’s magnetic field is located at the:

North Pole

South Pole

Equator

Hemisphere

The earth’s magnetic field is located at the North Pole. The passage states that a compass points due north, or towards the earth’s magnetic North Pole. The South Pole, equator, or hemisphere are not mentioned in the passage; therefore, they can be eliminated as options.
Jerky is lean meat that has been trimmed of fat, cut into strips, and then dried to prevent spoilage. Normally, this drying includes the addition of salt, to prevent bacteria from developing on the meat before sufficient moisture has been removed. The word "jerky" is derived from the Spanish word charqui, which is from the Quechua word ch'arki, which means to burn (meat). All that is needed to produce basic "jerky" is a low-temperature drying method, and salt to inhibit bacterial growth. Modern manufactured jerky is normally marinated in a seasoned spice rub or liquid, and dried, dehydrated, or smoked with low heat. Some makers still use just salt and sundry fresh sliced meat to make jerky. Some product manufacturers finely grind meat, mix in seasonings, and press the meat-paste into flat shapes prior to drying. The resulting jerky from the above methods would be a salty and/or savory snack. However, often a sweet or semi-sweet recipe is used, with sugar being a major ingredient. Jerky is ready-to-eat and needs no additional preparation. It can be stored for months without refrigeration. When the protein to moisture content ratio is correct, the resulting meat is cured, or preserved.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is false?

Jerky does not require refrigeration

Jerky is a ready-to-eat snack

Jerky is made from fatty slices of meat

Jerky can be flavored by marinades

This statement is false because the passage’s first sentence tells you that jerky is made from lean meat that has had the fat cut off. The other three statements are all true statements in regards to given passage.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: By July 1963, a 5-digit code had been assigned to every address throughout the country.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Insert a comma after “July”

Change “country” to “Country”

Change “5-digit” to “five-digit”

Change “had” to “have”

In order to correct sentence 6, you should change “5-digit” to “five-digit.” You should always write numbers one to nine and numbers 10 and above are usually written as numerals; therefore, the sentence should be written with “five-digit.” You should not use a comma between “July” and “1963,” as you should only use a comma if the sentence stated the actual day in July: “July 1, 1963.” “Country” is not a proper noun and should not be capitalized and “had” is used correctly in the sentence.
Over the past few decades, nibbling and noshing has become almost constant. One report from the USDA found that people in the United States consume twice as many snacks as we did in 1977. Now, nearly a quarter of the calories in our diet, about 504 per day, are eaten between meals, which aren’t getting any smaller. “If you make smart choices, snacking can provide a nutritious energy boost and help keep appetite in check,” says Judy Caplan, R.D., a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Often, however, we reach for high-cal indulgences such as chips, cookies, and cheese crackers. Nonstop temptation could be to blame. Processed snacks have crept into 41 percent of all retail establishments, even clothing stores and home improvement centers, according to the American Journal of Public Health. As a result, many of us end up grabbing a candy bar whenever we buy new socks or lightbulbs. The better approach, Gerbstadt says: “Pack a snack from home that contains 100 - 200 calories, 10 -15 grams of protein, and 2 - 5 grams of fiber.”

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following options is the best approach for eating snacks on the go?

Grab a candy bar while shopping

Nibble on something all the time

Eat a processed snack

Pack a low-calorie snack from home

This answer was stated in the passage’s last sentence. The option stating that you should grab a candy bar while shopping would only add to your calorie intake and was not suggested as a good approach for snacking. The option stating to nibble on something all the time can be eliminated, as the passage is trying to get you to cut calories, not add them. The option that states that you should eat a processed snack could work as long as you watch the nutrition label, but this was not the passage’s recommended approach for eating snacks on the go.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: I am applying to Ph.D. programs in Linguistics this winter and am writing to ask if you would be willing to write a letter of recommendation in support of my applications.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Change “winter” to “Winter”

Change “recommendation” to “recommendations”

Change “Linguistics” to “linguistics”

Change “of” to “to”

In order to correct sentence 1, you need to change “Linguistics” to “linguistics.” In this sentence, “linguistics” is being referred to as a field of study and should not be capitalized. You only capitalize “linguistics” if it is the title of a specific course (i.e. Linguistics 101). This rule applies to seasons as well. You only capitalize “winter” when it is used at the beginning of a sentence or when it is used within a title. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: The current trucking industry “essential” to our nation’s economy.
Which of the following options demonstrates the best way to write the word in quotation marks in Sentence 1?

essentially

was essential

is essential

essential

The word “current” indicates that the verb should be in the present tense. “Is essential” is in the present tense and is the best option to correct the given sentence.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 3: As of 2000, about half the population of the United States live in suburbs.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 3?

Change “live” to “lives”

Change “live” to “lived”

Change “suburbs” to “suburb”

Remove the comma after “2000”

In order to correct sentence 3, you would need to change “live” to “lived.” The sentence is referring to the past (“As of 2000”), so you would need to use a past tense verb (“lived”). Commas should be used after an introductory phrase, so you would not want to remove the comma after “2000.” Half of the United States population would live in more than one suburb, so you would not want to use “suburb” in its singular tense.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: I believe that the two courses I took from you, LING 311 Linguistics and Society (Spring 2011) and LING 403 Seminar in Comparative Linguistics (Fall 2011), have help me to develop a solid foundation for my graduate studies in linguistics.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 4?

Change “Spring” to “spring”

Change “help” to “helped”

Change “Society” to “society”

Change “to” to “too”

In order to correct sentence 4, you need to change “help” to “helped.” The sentence is written in the past tense, as the student had already taken the courses; therefore, the word “help” needs to be in the past tense (“helped”). “Spring” and “Society” are both being used in the title of courses; therefore, they need to remain capitalized. The word “to” is used appropriately (“move towards or reaching a given state”) and does not need changed.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: The small fuel-efficient Japanese cars and our nations emissions policies added up to the next evolutionary step for the carryall.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Insert a comma after “cars”

Change “step” to “steps”

Change “evolutionary” to “Evolutionary”

Change “nations” to “nation’s”

In order to correct sentence 2, you should change “nations” to “nation’s.” In this sentence, it appears as we have multiple nations, but in actuality, we are trying to show possession of the policies; therefore, you would need to use the possessive form of nation (“nation’s”), instead of the plural form (“nations”). “Evolutionary” is not a proper word and would not be capitalized unless it was used at the beginning of a sentence or within a title. When there are only two items in a list, you would not use a comma; therefore, you would not need a comma after “cars.” “Step” is used appropriately in this sentence and does not need changed.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentences 9 and 10: Ford still has vehicles with 10-cylinder “engines. They are” affectionately called land barges, or otherwise know as the Ford Excursion.
Which of the following options best represents how the quoted portion of these sentences should be written?

engines, and they are

engines, and they were

engines, they are

engines, they were

The option that best represents how the quoted portion of the two sentences should be written is: engines, and they are. You can use a comma to join two independent clauses that are joined with a coordinating conjunction (“and”); therefore, you can eliminate the two “engines, they” options, as they do not contain coordinating conjunctions. The sentence is written in the present tense; therefore, you would want to use “are” instead of “were.”
Panning for gold isn't easy but it can be fun if a prospector is in the right frame of mind. Perfecting the gold panning technique takes patience. Gold panning works because gold is a heavy metal and the material around gold, like dirt, is generally light. The object of gold panning is to separate the gold from the dirt as the pan moves in the water. The dirt floats out of the pan and the gold stays in. First, clean the pan and classifier. The pan and classifier will have oil in it from the manufacturing process. It is important to thoroughly clean the pan with dish detergent and a scouring pad before you get to the creek. Otherwise, the gold will float right out of the pan. Second, dig for gold. Once you've located the best area to pan for gold, put on your rubber boots and rubber gloves. The boots will protect your feet from the water in the creek. The gloves will help keep your hands clean as you dig through dirt. Take a spade and dig in the dirt on the bank of the creek. Use the classifier or screen to remove big rocks from the dirt material and fill the pan about three-quarters full. Third, immerse the pan in the water. As the water moves into the pan, the dirt will float out. Shake the pan from side to side while immersed in the water. Lift the pan out of the water and slightly dip the pan in the water, tilting it so that the water washes over the dirt like a wave over sand. Continue to wash the dirt in this manner, immersing the pan, then washing the dirt. Make sure that as you get closer to the heavier material, you keep the dirt with gold in it in the pan. Fourth, clean the gold. Keep panning until you have panned all the way down to the visible gold. Use the water to separate the gold from the dirt by tilting and moving the pan until the gold is on one end of the pan and the dirt is on the other. Lastly, remove the gold from the pan. Fill the snuffer bottle, a plastic bottle with a tube at the top, half way with water. Use the snuffer bottle to suck up the gold that is in the pan. Pour gold out of the snuffer bottle and place it in a glass or clear plastic tube.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes what type of passage this is?

Expository

Technical

Persuasive

Narrative

This passage is written as a technical passage. A technical passage is one that informs the reader on how to make something or how to do something. In this case, the author is informing the reader on how to pan for gold.
Employee Separations All employee separations will be coordinated through the Human Resources Office. This will ensure the employee is in full receipt of benefits at the time of separation, the organization is assured that all equipment and keys have been returned, technology access has been disconnected and managed appropriately, and that knowledge of the organization’s operations has been transferred. Resignations Hourly employees are asked to provide a minimum of two weeks' notice when they resign from their positions at the organization. Salaried employees are asked to provide one month's notice when they resign from their positions at the organization. If the minimum notice is not given, the employee will not be eligible for rehire at the organization. The employee should consider scheduling an appointment with the Benefits Administrator during the last scheduled work week
in order to discuss his or her retirement contributions. In order to receive a refund of retirement contributions, the employee must complete an application for a refund upon termination. Under the provisions of COBRA, employees who leave their positions may continue health and dental insurance coverage at their own expense for a period of time. Details of this option are provided to employees by the Human Resources Department during the scheduled appointment.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can determine that COBRA is:

A snake that is very poisonous

An officer or administrator of the organization

A term used to describe the organization’s retirement package

A continuance of health and dental insurance

From the passage, you can determine that COBRA is a continuance of health and dental insurance. This is clearly stated in the following sentence: Under the provisions of COBRA, employees who leave their positions may continue health and dental insurance coverage at their own expense for a period of time.
Simply put, cheese making is the science of converting a glass of milk into a block of cheese. Taken a step further, cheese making is the final step in a process that begins with the transfer of sunlight energy into plants; the transformation of that sunlight energy and plant nutrition into milk; and the transformation of sunlight energy, plant nutrition, and animal nutrition into cheese: a natural energy bar high in protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. Fortunately, nature and the animals take care of the first two parts of the cheese-making process. All a cheese maker has to do is transform liquid milk into a solid. How do they do this? Basically, by repeatedly conducting a scientific experiment under carefully controlled conditions, with different variables such as milk type; time of year; types of starter cultures; types of rennet; and how the curd is cut, worked, formed, and aged. Wonderfully, it's these same variables that make room for art, and successful cheese makers have learned how to use them with the restraint and creativity needed to produce some of the world's most exquisite tastes.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options is not referenced as an influence on how cheese is made?

Type of starter cultures

The time of year

The type of milk

Type of equipment

The article states that different variables such as milk type; time of year; types of starter cultures; types of rennet; and how the curd is cut, worked, formed, and aged all affect how cheese is made.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following results would most likely prevent a salaried employee from not giving a one-month notice to the organization upon his or her resignation?

The employee would not receive his or her retirement

The employee would not be eligible for rehire

The employee would not receive their last paycheck

The employee would not be eligible for COBRA

A salaried employee would give a one-month notice in order to prevent from not being eligible for rehire at the organization. This question tests your ability to comprehend what you read, and the given passage clearly stated that an employee would not be eligible for rehire, at the organization, if they did not give the minimum notice when resigning.
Originating from Egypt, dukkah is a vibrant mix of nuts and spices that has steadily grown in popularity. The McCormick Flavor Forecast 2013 trend report highlights this blend of flavors and textures as the spice mix of the moment. There’s no exact science to making the perfect dukkah, so customize it to your liking. Swap hazelnuts for pistachios, or even use almonds or walnuts. Toasting the nuts and spices is a must in order to bring out the different flavors in the blend. Try dukkah as a dip with olive oil, use it as a spice rub for meat, or toss it with pasta.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options can be inferred from the passage?

Dukkah is only used in Italian dishes

Dukkah is an expensive seasoning

Dukkah is most often used as a dipping sauce

Dukkah does not follow an exact recipe

This option is inferred to in the first sentence of the second paragraph, as it states that there is no exact science to making dukkah. You may have thought that the correct answer was that it was most often used as a dipping sauce, but the passage only briefly states this, along with other methods of using it; therefore, it cannot be inferred that it is mostly used as a dipping sauce.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: Transportation (including, to a limited extent, trains and buses) play an important role in the life of a suburban resident who generally commutes to work.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Change “an” to “a”

Change “a” to “an”

Change “play” to “plays”

Change “who” to “whom”

In order to correct sentence 7, you should change “play” to “plays.” The subject of the verb “play” is “Transportation,” which is singular and requires the use of a singular verb; therefore, you should use “plays” instead of “play.” As a rule, “an” should only be used before words that start with a vowel (i.e. a, e, i, o, and u) or before a word that contains an unpronounced “h” (i.e. hour). Therefore, “a” should be used before words that begin with a consonant (i.e. b, c, d, f, ...). In this sentence, the “a” and “an” are used correctly. As a rule, you would use “who” to refer to a subject (“suburban resident”) of a clause and “whom” to refer to an object of a clause. In this sentence, “who” is used appropriately.
The owl is not a wise animal. For its size, the owl has a small brain, and in fact, is not as smart as geese, crows, and ravens. However, from ancient times, people have used the owl as a symbol of wisdom. The very serious look on the owl’s face might have given people the idea that the owl was wise. It has large, bright, wide-awake eyes that point forward. Its long lashes and upper eyelids close over its eyes. The owl cannot move its eyes from side to side in their sockets, but because they do point forward, they can change focus very quickly from near to far objects. The owl’s eyes can focus on individual objects instantly. This is an adaptation, which helps the owl in its hunting activities. But it has nothing to do with wisdom. Although the owl cannot move its eyes, this bird can turn its entire head completely around and look behind it without moving any other part of its body!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, what may have given people the idea that owls were wise?

The owl’s face looks serious

The owl’s eyes do not move

The owl’s enlarged brain

The owl’s hunting skills

The owl’s serious looking face is what may have given people the impression that it is wise. This answer is found in the second sentence of the passage’s second paragraph. The passage does inform you that the owl’s eyes do not move, but it does not infer that this is the reason people think that it is wise. The passage states that an owl’s brain is small, so you can eliminate the option that states that the owl’s brain is enlarged. The passage only states that the owl’s vision helps with its hunting skills, it does not state that people believe it is wise because of its hunting skills.
The oldest constructed roads discovered to date are in former Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq. These stone paved streets date back to about 4000 B.C. in the Mesopotamia cities of Ur and Babylon. The lands of the Sumerian people offered fertile soil and, with irrigation, crops and livestock were raised successfully. The Sumerians used meticulous brick-making skills, forming identical mud bricks for building. After drying they would take them to the site of a temple and set them in place with bitumen. Bitumen is the natural sticky black substance in asphalt. Centuries would pass before asphalt was used in Europe and America. Glastonbury, the Ancient Isle of Avalon in Somerset, England, was the site of an interesting discovery when timber roads were discovered in a swampy area. Glastonbury, known for King Arthur’s legends and believed to be the actual site of Camelot, has had a pilgrimage since ancient times as it is home to Glastonbury Abbey. Bringing much early “traffic” into the area and requiring roads for the transportation of carts and animal-drawn wagons, the timber roads served the purpose, but more advanced roadways were in the future.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes what “bitumen” is?

A man-made asphalt material

A concrete mortar

A natural sticky black substance

A brick-making skill

According to the passage, bitumen is a natural sticky black substance. This answer is found in the sixth sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. Bitumen is used in asphalt, but it is not the asphalt itself. The Sumerians used bitumen like a mortar for their brick roads, but it is not a concrete mortar.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best explains how the washboard is currently being used?

As a washing machine

As a piece of artwork

As a musical instrument

As a magic act

The passage informs you that the festival is used to showcase the washboard’s musical attributes and that the washboard company change their mission to bolster support for washboard musicians. You can eliminate “as a washing machine,” because today’s electric powered washing machines have replaced the washboard. Washboards may be used as artwork or as an magic act, but this is not implied in the given passage; therefore, you can eliminate them as options.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: While the callbacks from people you do not want to talk to is annoying, no one should have any problems learning the same way.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “any” to “a”

Insert a comma after “callbacks”

Change “annoying” to “annoyed”

Change “is” to “are”

Correct aswer: Change “is” to “are” In order to correct sentence 10, you will need to change “is” to “are.” The sentence’s subject (“callbacks”) is plural and requires the use of a plural linking verb (“are”). The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.