Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 5 - online test

The owl is not a wise animal. For its size, the owl has a small brain, and in fact, is not as smart as geese, crows, and ravens. However, from ancient times, people have used the owl as a symbol of wisdom. The very serious look on the owl’s face might have given people the idea that the owl was wise. It has large, bright, wide-awake eyes that point forward. Its long lashes and upper eyelids close over its eyes. The owl cannot move its eyes from side to side in their sockets, but because they do point forward, they can change focus very quickly from near to far objects. The owl’s eyes can focus on individual objects instantly. This is an adaptation, which helps the owl in its hunting activities. But it has nothing to do with wisdom. Although the owl cannot move its eyes, this bird can turn its entire head completely around and look behind it without moving any other part of its body!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the passage, you can infer that:

An owl is not as wise as it appears

An owl is the wisest animal

An owl’s vision is better than any other bird

An owl is wiser than a raven

From the passage, you can infer that an owl is not as wise as it appears. The passage informs you that an owl’s brain is smaller than that of a raven, so that option can be eliminated. The passage does state that an owl is able to focus on objects instantly and that it is able to turn its head completely around, but the passage did not infer that the owl had better or worse vision than any other bird; therefore, that option can be eliminated. The passage informs you that the owl is a symbol of wisdom, but the first sentence of the passage identifies that the owl is not a wise animal; therefore, you can eliminate the option that states that the owl is the wisest animal.
If you smoke, quit. You should also get in the habit of exercising, because exercise strengthens the heart and blood vessels, reduces stress, and has been shown to reduce blood pressure while also boosting HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Numerous studies done in recent decades indicate that drinking alcohol in moderation may actually reduce the risk of heart disease. But more than one drink a day for women, or more than one to two a day for men, is not recommended. Learning to relax may help prevent and treat heart disease. While success varies from person to person, stress-reduction techniques have been shown to reduce high blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, and emotional responses such as anxiety, anger, and hostility that have been linked to coronary heart disease, angina, and heart attack. The choice of relaxation technique is up to you. Some that have proved beneficial are meditation, progressive relaxation, yoga, and biofeedback training.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From the article excerpt, you can determine that the article’s subject is about:

Smoking

Stress

Exercise

Heart disease

You may have thought that the article was about smoking, since that is how the passage starts out; however, when you continue reading, you will find that the article is based around reducing your risk of heart disease. Reducing your stress and exercising are also methods of reducing your risk of heart disease.
One of the easiest questions I’ve ever been asked is: “What’s your favorite year?” There’s no question that when it comes to cars, 1967 was the best. In 1967, I turned 16, got my driver’s license and became a full-blown car junkie. For a kid, it doesn’t get much better than driving around and chasing girls. The cars were great, even if my first car, a 1966 MG 1100, wasn’t. But my rides soon got better, beginning with a 1959 Beetle. For many cars, 1967 saw the ultimate development of both styling and power, before bumper and headlamp height requirements hit and smog controls were introduced. Take the Jaguar E-Type. That car was at its peak. Power and torque were as high as they would get, and the looks were still perfect, with those delicate bumpers and covered headlights. As humble as it may have been, to me the 1967 VW Beetle was one of the best cars ever built. The design was super simple, and the 1967 model had the most horsepower per pound for any air-cooled VW. It still had the early chrome bumpers, and thanks to the 12-volt electrics, it started easily and had good headlamps. I’ve had one for years. Another car from 1967 that blew me away was the Z28 Camaro with that incredible high-revving 302 small-block. I’ve been exposed to Ferraris and other high-revving engines, but I wasn’t use to an American pushrod engine that was good for something like 8,000 rpm. I’m still waiting for the right Z28. Although the Olds Toronado came along in 1966, its Eldorado cousin followed in 1967, and they were real feats of engineering. Imagine, a front-wheel-drive car with a big, heavy V-8! Both have styling to die for, even down to the hubcaps. And if you look at the wheels, grille, and hood profile of the Toronado, that car channels the Cord 810. But of all the cars built in 1967, if I could have just one, it would be a Ferrari 275 GTB/4. It was incredibly beautiful, and its four-cam engine was amazing. It was the ultimate in dream cars, but at the time you could barely give them away.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options was the author’s first car?

1959 VW Beetle

1966 Olds Toronado

1966 MG 1100

1967 VW Beetle

This answer is found in the second paragraph’s first sentence. The author did own a 1959 VW Beetle, but that was not his first car. You can eliminate the 1966 Olds Toronado as the author was just comparing it to the 1967 Eldorado. The author felt that the 1967 VW Beetle was the best made, and has had one for years, but was not his first car.
Igloos are built in fields of hard, packed snow. They're made of snow blocks cut from snow well beneath the soft, dry layers on the ground surface. Igloos shouldn't be more than 10 feet in diameter; otherwise you need a perfect dome for structural integrity and heat retention. Large blocks are cut to construct the bottom of the igloo, and smaller ones make up the top. Bricks are layered in a spiral pattern along the igloo's perimeter, placed at a slight slant to create a dome. The blocks support one another so they don't fall in. Blocks are smoothed together, and piled up snow is removed from the dome as it's being built. A hole is dug at the entrance, and blocks are piled over it, forming a tunnel entrance. The inside of the dome is smoothed well using gloved hands so moisture drips down its sides instead of from the roof. Traditional igloo houses have beds made from snow covered in twigs and animal skins. Modern igloos may have the floor covered with camping mattresses. The tenant may cut a niche in the inside to place a candle, cookware or supplies. Entrances are kept open for ventilation purposes, but animal skins or blankets may be placed as a door flap to keep warmth in.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why are the snow blocks placed at a slight slant when constructing an igloo?

To allow for proper drainage

To provide structural support

To create a dome shape

To allow for better ventilation

When building an igloo, the snow blocks are placed at a slight slant in order to create a dome shape. This answer is found in the fifth sentence of the passage’s first paragraph. The passage states that the interior of the igloo is smoothed with gloved hands to provide proper drainage, so that option can be eliminated. The passage only mentions that igloos should not be built more than 10 feet in diameter in order to maintain its structural integrity; therefore, that option can also be eliminated. The passage states that the igloo’s entrance is kept open to allow for ventilation; therefore, it does not require the blocks to be slanted.
The major end uses for cotton fiber include apparel, home furnishings, and other industrial uses such as medical supplies. From the beginning of the 20th century to the end of WWII, cotton accounted for 81% of the world's total fiber consumption. A shift occurred in the 1940s when man-made fibers first appeared in the market. Cotton fiber is made primarily into yarns and threads for use in the textile and apparel sectors, which today account for approximately 60% of cotton consumption. Cotton is the largest natural fiber for textiles and it is estimated that each year there will be a 4.5 billion pound increase for cotton. The United States has proven to be the most reliable producer of high quality cotton. Cotton Incorporated, located in North Carolina, addresses issues in agricultural research, fiber quality, and textile manufacturing. According to the organization, the textile industry currently finds itself at odds. Cotton growers are struggling to grow their crop, and because of the low prices it generates on the world market, they are unable to make a decent profit. With the increase in concern for the environment over the past few years, cotton growers have reduced pesticide and irrigated water use by over 45%.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, why is the textile industry finding itself at odds?

The increased usage of synthetic material

The reduction in cotton usage

The low market rates on cotton

The global warming concerns

The textile industry is finding itself at odds because of the low market rates on cotton. The second paragraph informs you that the industry is finding itself at odds because of the low prices that the cotton generates on the world market, the inability for cotton growers to make a decent profit, and the difficulty to grow cotton due to environmental concerns. The passage does state that man-made (synthetic) materials appeared on the market, but cotton use is still projected to increase annually; therefore, those two options can be eliminated. The passage does not mention global warming issues; therefore, that option can also be eliminated.
How should trees be planted? There are different answers to this question, depending on the time of year that you are planning on planting the trees. However, there are two times of the year that are the best times to plant trees: in the spring and in the fall. It is a good idea to plant in the spring because the trees will have the opportunity to set roots and grow new leaves. It is also a good idea to plant trees in the fall because the trees are dormant and the branches are bare of leaves. The best thing that you can do is research a tree’s growing needs in order to find out if it requires a sunny open area or a wetter low-lying area. Then you will need to choose the right location and allow generous spacing, based on the tree’s expected mature size. Once you have found the perfect location, follow these tips: Dig a hole no deeper than the container and two to three times as wide as the container. If the soil is in poor condition, amend the soil with peat. Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil. Water thoroughly. Lightly mulch around the perimeter of the tree. Remember to water the tree as needed during the first year.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following seasons are the best seasons to plant a tree?

Spring and summer

Fall and winter

Summer and fall

Spring and fall

According to the given passage, the best times to plant trees is in the spring and fall. The passage’s opening paragraph informs the reader on the best times of the year to plant trees and the reasoning behind it.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: Even more troubling, Tituba confesses that a conspiracy of witches permeated Salem Village.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “witches” to “Witches”

Change “a” to “an”

Change “confesses” to “confessed”

Change “of” to “for”

The sentence is in the past tense and the confession of Tituba would have taken place in 1692; therefore, you should use “confesses” in the past tense (“confessed”). The word “of” is idiomatically correct and “witches” should not be capitalized. “A” is used correctly, as the word that follows it begins with a consonant.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: The United States Post Office had recognized some years back that new avenues of transportation would open to the Department and began to establish focal points for air, highway, and rail transportation.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the capitalization error in sentence 1?

Change “avenues” to “avenue”

Change “Post Office” to “post office”

Change “Department” to “department”

Change “rail transportation” to “Rail Transportation”

In order to correct the capitalization error in sentence 1, you should change “Department” to “department.” “Department” is not a proper noun and should not be capitalized unless it is used at the beginning of the sentence or used within the context of a title. “Avenues” as it is used in the sentence is not capitalized; however, if it were to be used as part of a street address, it would be. “Post Office” is to remain capitalized, as it is part of an official title and/or business name. You should not capitalize “rail transportation” unless it is used as part of a business’s name.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes the author’s mood?

Distraught

Passionate

Angry

Overwhelmed

Passionate is the option that best describes the author’s mood. Throughout the article, the author speaks of his passion for the cars that were manufactured in 1967. No where in the article did the author appear to be distraught, angry, or overwhelmed; therefore, those options can all be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following options may help prevent and treat heart disease?

Drinking

Smoking

Yawning

Relaxing

Relaxing is the option that may help prevent and treat heart disease. This answer is found in the first sentence of the passage’s second paragraph. The passage informs the reader that smokers should quit smoking; therefore, smoking would not help prevent and treat heart disease. The passage informs the reader that drinking in moderation could reduce the risk of heart disease, but it does not imply that it will treat heart disease. Yawning is not mentioned in the passage, so it can be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: A good example of this is a home owners association, a group common to many suburban neighborhoods that determines specific rules for the type, appearance, and size of homes in a community.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “type” to “types”

Change “for” to “of”

Change “to” to “too”

Change “home owners association” to “Home Owners Association”

In order to correct sentence 10, you should change “home owners association” to “Home Owners Association.” “Home Owners Association” is a formal name of a group and should be capitalized. The word “type” should not be changed, as it is parallel. The word “for” is idiomatically correct and should not be changed and the sentence uses the word “to” appropriately.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: In fact, the Badlands of Eastern Montana has the highest concentration of exposed dinosaur fossils in the world.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 5?

Change “Badlands” to “badlands”

Change “Eastern” to “eastern”

Change “has” to “have”

Change “dinosaur” to “dinosaur’s”

In order to correct sentence 5, you should change “has” to “have.” “Has” is a singular verb and is being used with a plural subject; therefore, “has” should be replaced with the plural verb “have” in order to correct the sentence. “Eastern” is being used as a section of the country and should remain capitalized and “Badlands” should be capitalized because it is a popular place and a name of an area. “Dinosaur” is not showing possession; therefore, it does not require use of the possessive form.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: She patented it in 1935 (US patent #2,118,318) and started the Magee-Hale Park-O-Meter Company to manufacturer his parking meters.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 2?

Insert a comma after “1935”

Change "She" to "He"

Change “started” to “starts”

Change “Company” to “company”

In order to correct sentence 2, you would need to change “She” to “He.” This sentence contains a gender related error. The subject is “Carlton Cole Magee” who is a male, not a female; and in the last of the sentence, it say "his parking meters", therefore, “He” should be used instead of “She”. “Company” should remain capitalized, as it is part of the company’s name. “Started” is used appropriately in the past tense and there is not a need to insert a comma after “1935.”
An immensely topical film based on the novel by Walter Krin and directed by Jason Reitman, Up In The Air is rooted completely in today’s corporate culture, ethics of modern living, independence and success along with an envelope of self-ostracism. With all the white-collared bewilderment moving in and out of the film, the movie is something about today's continuous, the people who appear to be heartless souls giving out the fearful firing sheets and the ones who jump off the bridges after getting the sheets. Ryan Bungham (George Clooney), a high-profile, corporate down-sizer, fritters out most of his time in flights, traveling to offices throughout US and sacking out people without disappointing them. He is the well-known recluse who suddenly realizes that there is something more to life besides flying in business class from one office to another and firing people off their jobs. Natalie (Anna Kendrick), a 23-year-old psychology main, is on the brink of putting an end to Ryan’s ways of downsizing by introducing her newfangled proposal of cutting down the heavy bills of the companies by firing on the Internet. Now, Ryan’s boss loves the feisty new proposal and sets up Ryan and Natalie to head the change. And here comes the time when a few lessons of life need to be exchanged by both these generation-gapped corporate buddies. Natalie should be taught to disconnect out with her unworthy boyfriends and Ryan should learn to connect in with his family and girlfriends. The incapability to connect and disconnect along with making up life long relationships and the decoded isolation of the people inside the corporate world is well interpreted throughout the movie. Though the script is small, it’s smart with extremely crisp but real dialogues. All the performances are excellent. Anna Kendrick looks really adorable as the twenty-three old and George Clooney has been perfect as the heartless 21st century wanderer. Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner have created a fantastic screenplay that is completely packed up with quotable quotes. The movie also stirs off some comedy sequences as well in its serious business world.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the film reviewer, “Up In The Air” is known for its:

White-collared bewilderment

Humorous lines

Animated characters

Glamorous lifestyles

“Up In The Air” is known for its white-collared bewilderment. This answer is discussed in the review’s first paragraph. The reviewer said that it was packed with quotable quotes, but it did not imply that the lines were humorous. The characters are real human beings; therefore, they are not animated characters. The film reviewer does not imply that the characters live glamorous lifestyles, so this option can be eliminated.
The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is one of the most beloved spring-blooming trees. Unfortunately, it can also be one of the most troublesome, because of its pest and disease problems that it is plagued with. A related species, the kousa dogwood (C. Kousa), is a wonderful alternative to the flowering dogwood. This small tree resists the pest and disease problems that plague the flowering dogwood and it is slightly more cold-hardy. However, it still provides gorgeous spring blooms and brilliant fall colors that are similar to its better-known counterpart. Unlike the flowering dogwood, the kousa dogwood flowers after leafing out and with ample water, the kousa dogwood can tolerate full sun, but it will do better with afternoon shade. It is generally available at most garden centers, so if you yearn for the charm of a dogwood, but not the problems, give this beauty a try.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, why is the kousa dogwood a better option than the flowering dogwood?

Because it is more beautiful

Because it resists the pest and disease problems

Because it flowers after leafing

Because it is available at garden centers

The answer to this question is explained in the second sentence of the second paragraph. The option that states “Because it is more beautiful” can be eliminated, as the passage implies that both dogwood trees are beautiful. The option that states “Because it flowers after leafing” can also be eliminated. Even though the statement is true, it does not represent why the kousa dogwood is a better option, because both trees flower. The option “Because it is available at garden centers” could be a good option, but the passage doesn’t imply that the flowering dogwood is hard to find; therefore, this option can also be eliminated.
Why Did You Change by Nicholas Gordan Why did you change? What did I do? We were like brothers, and now Your face is a wall without windows, while you Abrogate what small claims you allow. I don’t understand what undid the sweet bond That for years yielded nothing but joy. I am who I was, and yet you respond As though it were my aim to annoy. Perhaps there’s no why when some untoward wind Whips away what we hold to our hearts. Though bitter it be to leave loved ones behind, It remains the most precious of arts.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
It is clear that the poem is referring to:

Two men

A storm

A house

A couple

The poem’s second line states that they use to be like brothers; therefore, you can determine that the poem is referring to two men. The poem does reference wind and windows; however, those were used as analogies and were not what the poem was based on.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: The Duryea Brothers' success was little noted at the time, but it got the wheels turning for the introduction of the automobile, that would literally change the landscape of America.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Change “that” to “which”

Change “Brothers’” to “Brother’s”

Change “was” to “is”

Change “literally” to “literal”

In order to correct sentence 10, you would need to change “that” to “which.” This sentence contains a pronoun error. The pronoun “that” is not used correctly, as it should be used to refer to “automobile” in a restrictive clause (not set off with commas). Therefore, “that” should be replaced with “which,” as the pronoun “which” should be used to refer to “automobile” in a nonrestrictive clause (set off with commas). The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 11: They are able to control creatures like rats and wolves, and the elements were at their command.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 11?

Change “their” to “they’re”

Change “are” to “were”

Insert a comma after “creatures”

Change “elements” to “element’s”

The sentence is written in the past tense (“elements were at their command.”); therefore, you should use the past tense verb “were,” instead of the present tense verb “are.” “Their” is the appropriate spelling to refer to “They” (vampires), as “they’re” is the contraction for “they are.” “Elements” is not showing possession over anything; therefore, it should remain in its plural form. You should not add a comma after “creatures,” as it would make the sentence grammatically incorrect.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: In 1975, after Federal funding for high-speed maglev research in the United States was suspended industry virtually abandoned its interest in maglev; however, research in low-speed maglev continued in the United States until 1986.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the punctuation in sentence 7?

Insert a comma after “suspended”

Remove the comma after “however”

Replace “maglev;” with “maglev,”

Remove the hyphen from “low-speed”

In order to correct sentence 7, you should insert a comma after “suspended.” The phrase: “after Federal funding ... was suspended” is an explanatory phrase that should be set off with commas. A comma should be used after the conjunction “however.” The use of the semicolon after “maglev” is correct, as it is used between two independent clauses. The use of the hyphen in “low-speed” is correct, as it is being used to form an adjective.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 9: The only way to get this process started is to confront the issue.
If sentence 9 was rewritten to begin with "Confronting the issue" what should the next words be?

would be the only way

is the only way

has been the only way

will remain the only way

This question is testing your knowledge on the tense of a sentence. The original sentence is written in the present tense (“is to confront”) and the answer should also be written in the present tense. Thus, the correct answer is: “is the only way.”
Spring 1946 by Ingrid Toth People were finally smiling again; trees were starting to sprout in our lane, but not only were we blessed with spring, near our house reigned the American king. The Russians were ordered to move away, occupy our factories, they now may. Rape and starvation and chaos were gone and we breathed freely again in our zone. American soldiers walked through the streets, whistling and smiling and passing out treats, sweet candy and chocolate and chewing gum; to fine ice-cream parties they let us come. One of the soldiers I’ll never forget; he brought me food, clothing and even a pet; and what touched my battered heart the most, he stilled the anguish the Russians had caused, reaping no reward when he dried my tears; with kindness he scattered my painful fears. I still dream of the princely American, who made me believe in goodness again.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why did the author refer to the American soldier as a “princely American”?

For his splendid behavior

For his handsome appearance

For his known fortune

For his position in the American government

The author referred to the American soldier as a “princely American” because he showed a splendid behavior. Princes are known for their manners, handsome appearance, heroic actions, wealth, and royal family. Throughout this poem, the American soldiers showed well-behaved manners and the author remembered her American soldier as princely because of his manners.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: This was followed by to digits that more closely pinpointed population concentrations and those sectional centers accessible to common transportation networks.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 8?

Insert a comma after “concentrations”

Change “to digits” to “two digits”

Change “that” to “which”

Change “centers” to “center”

In order to correct sentence 8, you should change “to digits” to “two digits.” The sentence is requiring the use of the number 2, which is spelled two, not to. The sentence does not require a comma after “concentrations” to make it grammatically correct. The pronoun “that” is used correctly, as it refers to “digits” in a restrictive clause (not set off with commas). The plural form of “centers” is used correctly to refer to multiple locations.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
The author of the poem is confused because:

He doesn’t know where he is

He doesn’t know why his brother left him

He doesn’t know why they are no longer friends

He doesn’t know why he is ill

The author is confused because he doesn’t know why they are no longer friends. The poem’s author is referring to himself and another man with whom he use to be friends with, but he cannot determine what went wrong with their friendship and why they are no longer friends. The poem doesn’t imply that the author is lost or ill, nor does it imply that he had a brother who left him.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 3: These early parking meters were produced at factories in Oklahoma, City and Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 3?

Remove the comma after “Oklahoma”

Insert a comma after “City”

Change “were” to “are”

Change “factories” to “factory”

In order to correct sentence 3, you would need to remove the comma after “Oklahoma.” “Oklahoma City” is the complete name of a city. It is not a city and a state; therefore, it does not need to be separated by a comma. When there are only two items in a list, you should not use a comma after the first item. The sentence is in the past tense; therefore, “were” is the appropriate verb to use. The plural form of “factory” is used appropriately to refer to multiple factories in Oklahoma City and Tulsa.