Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 3 - online test

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 5: One issue arising from suburban growth is the disorganized, reckless manner in who neighborhoods are built, called sprawl.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 5?

Change “are” to “is”

Change “suburban” to “Suburban”

Change “sprawl” to “Sprawl”

Change “who” to “which”

In order to correct sentence 5, you should change “who” to “which.” You would use “who” to refer an individual in an adjective clause and you would use “which” to refer to an object in an adjective clause. In this sentence, the object is “disorganized, reckless manner”; therefore, you would want to use “which” instead of “who.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: The vampire is truly a global creature, with myths related to the dead which rise to drink the blood of the living coming out of cultures all around the world.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Change “global” to “Global”

Change “rise” to “rose”

Change “cultures” to “culture”

Insert a comma after “dead”

The pronoun “which” follows “dead,” and “which” should be used in a nonrestrictive clause that is set off with commas; therefore, if you use “which,” instead of “that,” you will need to use a comma after “dead.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: But spreading fear among a populace that was used to the war happening elsewhere was only one of it’s purposes.
Which of the following options would correct sentence 4?

Insert a comma after “But”

Replace “it’s” with “its”

Replace “to” with “too”

Replace “that” with “which”

Sentence 4 contains an error with the pronoun “it.” In the given sentence, “it’s” is written as a contraction for “it is;” however, the sentence is requiring the possessive form of “it,” which is “its.” The pronoun “that” is used correctly in this sentence, as it should be used to refer to “a populace” in a restrictive clause and the pronoun “which” should be used to refer to “a populace” in a nonrestrictive clause (set off with commas). A comma is not necessary after the word “But” and “to” is used appropriately in the sentence.
Eighty-Eight by Nicholas Gordan Eighty-eight spends much of life in bed, Interred beyond her time in drugs and pain. Grateful only for the gift of sleep, Having lost the will to laugh or weep, The shrunken doll repeats just one refrain, Yearning for the comforts of the dead. Even so, the trail of pills has led Into a world she grapples with in vain, Grasping for a grace she cannot keep, Harsh and vivid hauntings of the brain That make of life a stew of joy and dread.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best explains why the poem’s subject wishes to be dead?

To rid herself of her haunted memories

To enjoy her life again

To stop being in pain

To stop her drug addiction

The option that best explains why the poem’s subject wishes to be dead is: To stop being in pain. The poem’s first stanza explains that the woman is in much pain, and thus, she yearns (wishes) for the comfort of the dead. The poem mentions the use of drugs and pills, but it implies that they are used for comfort, not because she is a drug addict.
It happened every Friday evening, almost without fail, when the sun resembled a giant orange and was starting to dip into the blue ocean. Old Ed came strolling along the beach to his favorite pier. Clutched in his bony hand was a bucket of shrimp. Ed walks out to the end of the pier, where it seems he almost has the world to himself. Standing on the end of the pier, Ed is alone with his thoughts...and his bucket of shrimp. Before long, however, he is no longer alone. Up in the sky a thousand white dots come screeching and squawking, winging their way toward that lanky frame standing there on the end of the pier. It wasn’t long until dozens of seagulls enveloped him, their wings fluttering and flapping wildly. Ed stands there tossing shrimp to the hungry birds. As he does, if you listen closely, you can hear him say with a smile, “Thank you. Thank you.” Eddie Rickenbacker was a famous hero back in World War ll. On one of his flying missions across the Pacific, he and his seven-member crew went down. Miraculously, all of the men survived, crawled out of their plane, and climbed into a life raft. Captain Rickenbacker and his crew floated for days on the rough waters of the Pacific. They fought the sun. They fought sharks. Most of all, they fought hunger. By the eighth day their rations ran out. No food. No Water. They were hundreds of miles from land and no one knew where they were. They needed a miracle. That afternoon they had a simple devontional service and prayed for a miracle. They tried to nap. Eddie leaned back and pulled his military cap over his nose. Time dragged. All he could hear was the slap of the waves against the raft. Suddenly, Eddie felt something land on the top of his cap. It was a seagull! Old Ed would later describe how he sat perfectly still, planning his next move. With a flash of his hand and a squawk from the gull, he managed to grab it and wring its neck. He tore the feathers off, and he and his starving crew made a meal - a very slight meal for eight men - of it. Then they used the intestines for bait. With it, they caught fish, which gave them food and more bait...and the cycle continued. With that simple survival technique, they were able to endure the rigors of the sea until they were found and rescued (after 24 days at sea).

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following would best represent the moral behind this story?

Always be prepared for anything

Survival tips can save your life

Be thankful for all your blessings

Make use of everything around you

The moral behind the story is that you should be thankful for all your blessings. Ed and his men asked for a blessing and they received a seagull. Many men would have swatted the seagull away, but not Ed. Ed used this blessing to help save his and his men’s lives and he has been thankful ever since. It is true that you should be prepared for anything, that survival tips can save your life, and that you should make use of everything, but those were not the morale behind this story. The story focused around Ed giving thanks to the seagull for saving his life.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: I have included a summary of my academic and professional experience to help them decide whether to recommend me.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Change “a” to “an”

Change “of” to “to”

Change “me” to “us”

Change “them” to “you”

In order to correct sentence 6, you need to change “them” to “you.” The letter is written to a professor, in which the former student is asking the professor to write a letter of recommendation. Therefore, you would not use the plural “them”; you would need to use the singular “you.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
SARAH: Isn't she the most beautiful thing you have ever seen? MARY: She is a vision of perfection. SARAH: Her parents must have been truly good to receive such a treasure. PRINCESS: (Angry) What are you two staring at? MARY: (Nervous) We were just, PRINCESS: (Mocks her) "You were just" what? Staring? Gawking? Why don't you go somewhere and mind your own business? SARAH: Forgive us, Princess. MARY: We didn't mean to offend you. We humbly beg forgiveness. (SARAH and MARY rush away nervously) PRINCESS: Yeah, well forgive this. (She throws stones at them) Ha! Got them. (Laughs) That'll teach them. TUTOR: (He comes from castle) Must you treat the peasants that way? PRINCESS: (Pulls his long beard) I must! TUTOR: Can't you behave like a lady? PRINCESS: I will, if you will! (Laughs) TUTOR: Quit acting like such a beast! PRINCESS: Don't call me names or I'll have Daddy chop off your head like he did to the rest of my tutors. TUTOR: I meant it in the kindest way. (She smiles at his change in tone. She throws another stone at a passing peasant) I'm just worried about you. You don't seem to care for anyone or anything. Someday you'll insult the wrong person and you'll be sorry. PRINCESS: No, it's them who will be sorry. Guards! (GUARDS appear and she points to TUTOR) Take him away. TUTOR: What? What did I do? PRINCESS: He bores me. Off with his head. (Laughs as the GUARDS drag him off screaming) So what is on my schedule today? (She snaps her fingers and a SCRIBE appears in a hurry) SCRIBE: (Nervously struggling to hold on to numerous scrolls in his arms) Yes, Princess? PRINCESS: (Knocks all the scrolls out of his arms) Read me my schedule. SCRIBE: (Scrambles to find the right scroll on the ground) Well, you have a hair appointment at 9, a dress fitting at 10, a, PRINCESS: Enough! I want to have a party instead.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Why was the scribe nervous when he addressed the princess?

The scribe dropped all the scrolls

The scribe forgot to do what the princess had asked of him

The scribe had to chop off the tutor’s head

The scribe feared the princess

The scribe was nervous when he addressed the princess because he feared the princess. The excerpt from the play indicates that the princess is ill-mannered and someone who should be feared, as shown by having her tutor’s head chopped off because she was bored with him. The scribe had not yet dropped the scrolls when he appeared nervous; therefore, that option can be eliminated. You can also eliminate the option stating that the scribe had to cut off the tutor’s head, because it was the guards who drug the tutor away. The scribe was able to answer the princess’s questions and the excerpt does not mention that the princess had asked him to do something; therefore, that option can also be eliminated.
The owl is not a wise animal. For its size, the owl has a small brain, and in fact, is not as smart as geese, crows, and ravens. However, from ancient times, people have used the owl as a symbol of wisdom. The very serious look on the owl’s face might have given people the idea that the owl was wise. It has large, bright, wide-awake eyes that point forward. Its long lashes and upper eyelids close over its eyes. The owl cannot move its eyes from side to side in their sockets, but because they do point forward, they can change focus very quickly from near to far objects. The owl’s eyes can focus on individual objects instantly. This is an adaptation, which helps the owl in its hunting activities. But it has nothing to do with wisdom. Although the owl cannot move its eyes, this bird can turn its entire head completely around and look behind it without moving any other part of its body!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following statements is true in regards to an owl’s capabilities?

An owl can turn its entire head completely around

An owl can move its eyes from side to side

An owl has a heightened since of hearing

An owl sleeps with its eyes open

This answer is found in the passage’s fourth paragraph. The passage’s third paragraph informs you that an owl cannot move its eyes from side to side, and the passage does not mention an owl’s since of hearing or how it sleeps; therefore, those options can be eliminated.
Bearded irises are named for the fuzz on their hanging petals, or “falls,” and have grown with the times. Still the stalwarts of spring gardens, these old-fashioned favorites are available in myriad modern hybrids that offer a full spectrum of heights and hues. Many varieties, such as Best Bet and Immortality, are bred to rebloom after a summer resting period. Some bearded irises, like the Batik and Red Hawk, are sweetly scented. By selecting the varieties that flower at different times, you can enjoy iris blooms for several weeks, from April to June, year after year. Irises pair beautifully with other spring perennials, including allium, baptisia, and columbine. Even after the bloom has finished, the spiky, gray-green foliage is a nice textural contrast to other perennials.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According the the passage, which of the following options best answers how the bearded iris received its name?

For the fuzz on its petals

For the way its petals hung down

For its gray-green foliage

For its various heights and hues

The answer to this question is explained in the passage’s first sentence. You may have thought that the correct answer was “for the way its petals hung down,” but if you reread the first sentence, you will see that the bearded iris was named for the “fuzz,” not the hanging petals.
Simply put, cheese making is the science of converting a glass of milk into a block of cheese. Taken a step further, cheese making is the final step in a process that begins with the transfer of sunlight energy into plants; the transformation of that sunlight energy and plant nutrition into milk; and the transformation of sunlight energy, plant nutrition, and animal nutrition into cheese: a natural energy bar high in protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals. Fortunately, nature and the animals take care of the first two parts of the cheese-making process. All a cheese maker has to do is transform liquid milk into a solid. How do they do this? Basically, by repeatedly conducting a scientific experiment under carefully controlled conditions, with different variables such as milk type; time of year; types of starter cultures; types of rennet; and how the curd is cut, worked, formed, and aged. Wonderfully, it's these same variables that make room for art, and successful cheese makers have learned how to use them with the restraint and creativity needed to produce some of the world's most exquisite tastes.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Cheese making is a form of art

Cheese making is a scientific experiment

Cheese is a solid turned into a liquid

Cheese is a natural energy bar

The passage expresses that cheese is a liquid turned into a solid and cheese is a glass of milk turned into a block of cheese; therefore, cheese is not a solid turned into a liquid. The other three options are all true statements found within the passage.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: Eukaryotes include animals, plants, fungi, and protist.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Change “fungi” to “fungis”

Change “include” to “includes”

Remove the comma after “fungi”

Change “protist” to “protists”

The sentence contains an error in parallelism. The listed items are all plural; therefore, “protist” needs to be changed to “protists” for the list to be parallel. “Fungi” is in its plural form, and does not need changed. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 7: According to legend, the victims of a vampire either dies or becomes a vampire.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 7?

Change “victims” to “victim”

Change “a” to “an”

Change “dies” to “died”

Remove the comma after “legend”

The words “dies” and “becomes” are written in the singular tense; therefore, the subject that they are referring to needs to also be in the singular tense. In this sentence, “dies” and “becomes” are referring to “victims,” which is plural, so by changing “victims” to “victim,” you will correct the sentence. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 6: In February, the village began praying and fasting in order to rid itself of the devils influence.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 6?

Change “itself” to “themselves”

Change “devils” to “devil’s”

Change “village” to “villages”

Remove the comma after “February”

The sentence has the “devil” having possession of “influence.” Thus, you should show “devil” in its possessive form (“devil’s”), not its plural form (“devils”). “Village” should remain singular, as the passage is referring to only “Salem Village.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
The American buffalo is a symbol of the United States, much like the bald eagle. They were once found roaming wild from Alaska down through Mexico. It is estimated that there were once over 60 million buffalo in the United States, traveling in herds throughout the Great Plains. American buffalo, also called bison, are large, shaggy animals with long black horns that end in a sharp tip. Due to their abundance, bison were a central figure in the culture of many Native American tribes, especially those who lived in the plains extending from southern Canada down through most of the central mid-west region of the United States. The Native Americans were able to use every part of the buffalo, letting nothing go to waste. In the middle to late 1800's, the United States government encouraged the slaughter of millions of American buffalo. It was hoped that by getting rid of the buffalo, the government could also solve the problem they were having with the Native Americans. The slaughter reached its peak during the 1870s, with estimates putting the number of buffalo killed during the first three or four years of that decade alone at more than four and a half million. By the time the American government stepped in, reversing its decision on killing the buffalo, there were less than 100 left in the country. It was thought that the American buffalo was headed for extinction. Fortunately, due to individual ranchers, new government legislation, and safe grazing areas on state lands, the bison have made a comeback. There are only two known wild buffalo herds left in North America, but they are raised by the thousands on ranches and farms all over the United States and Canada. Although there will never be as many as there once were, the American buffalo is no longer facing the threat of extinction.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes why the American buffalo was headed for extinction?

The government was trying to solve their issues with the Native Americans

The Europeans were hunting the American buffalo to use as food

The American buffalo was unable to find food during the drought

The Native Americans hunted the buffalo in order to survive

The option that best describes why the American buffalo was almost extinct is: The government was trying to solve their issues with the Native Americans. During the 1800’s, the government encouraged the slaughter of the American buffalo because they were hoping that if the buffalo were gone, the Native Americans would go with them. The passage did imply that the Native Americans hunted the buffalo, but the Native Americans did not over-hunt the buffalo; therefore, you can eliminate that option. The other two answer options were not implied in the given passage; therefore, you can also eliminate them as possible answers.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 2: Express highways are constantly being constructed to and from major hubs or edge cities, and its on these roads where new suburbs are being developed.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct the punctuation in sentence 2?

Insert a comma after “highways”

Replace “cities,” with “cities;”

Insert a comma after “hubs”

Change “its” to “it’s”

In order to correct the punctuation in sentence 2, you should change “its” to “it’s.” The word “it” requires the use of an apostrophe “s,” as it is being used as a contraction to mean: “it is.” “Express highways” is not an introductory phrase and should not have a comma after it. The use of a comma between two independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction (“and”) is appropriate; therefore, you do not need to replace “cities,” with “cities;”. When there are only two items in a list, you should not use a comma after the first item; therefore, you do not need a comma after “hubs.”

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 12: The three women previous denounced as colluding with the devil were marginal to the community.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 12?

Change “were” to “was”

Change “previous” to “previously”

Change “community” to “Community”

Change “marginal” to “marginally”

The adjective “previous” should be rewritten as the adverb “previously,” as it is modifying the verb “denounced.” The plural verb “were” is referring to the three women, not the devil; therefore, it should remain plural. The word community is not a proper noun and should not be capitalized. The adjective “marginal” is not modifying a verb; therefore, it should not be changed to the adverb “marginally.”