Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 2 - online test

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: There are two primary types of cells; eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Change “cells;” to “cells:”

Change “are” to “our”

Change “There” to “Their”

Change “types” to “type”

A colon should be used to introduce a list, not a semicolon. A semicolon is used: (1) to join two or more independent clauses; (2) with transitional phrases and conjunctive adverbs; and (3) to separate groups that contain commas. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
The major end uses for cotton fiber include apparel, home furnishings, and other industrial uses such as medical supplies. From the beginning of the 20th century to the end of WWII, cotton accounted for 81% of the world's total fiber consumption. A shift occurred in the 1940s when man-made fibers first appeared in the market. Cotton fiber is made primarily into yarns and threads for use in the textile and apparel sectors, which today account for approximately 60% of cotton consumption. Cotton is the largest natural fiber for textiles and it is estimated that each year there will be a 4.5 billion pound increase for cotton. The United States has proven to be the most reliable producer of high quality cotton. Cotton Incorporated, located in North Carolina, addresses issues in agricultural research, fiber quality, and textile manufacturing. According to the organization, the textile industry currently finds itself at odds. Cotton growers are struggling to grow their crop, and because of the low prices it generates on the world market, they are unable to make a decent profit. With the increase in concern for the environment over the past few years, cotton growers have reduced pesticide and irrigated water use by over 45%.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Cotton growers have reduced the use of pesticides in order to:

Protect the environment

Reduce their costs

Increase their yields

Save the endangered insects

The use of pesticides has been reduced in order to help protect the environment. The cotton growers do need to reduce their costs due to the lack of profit they obtain from the world market, but that is not why they have reduced the use of pesticides. The passage does not indicate that the cotton growers are concerned with endangered insects, nor does it imply that the use of pesticides reduces or increases their cotton yields.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 8: Eventually his design became the norm for all roads everywhere.
If the beginning of sentence 8 was rewritten with "The norm for all roads" what should be the next words?

were his design

is his design

are his design

was his design

The sentence is written in the past tense; therefore, the verb needs to be in the past tense as well. The subject of the sentence is singular (design); therefore, the subject needs to not only be in the past tense, but in the singular as well. Thus, the appropriate option is: “was his design.”
Bearded irises are named for the fuzz on their hanging petals, or “falls,” and have grown with the times. Still the stalwarts of spring gardens, these old-fashioned favorites are available in myriad modern hybrids that offer a full spectrum of heights and hues. Many varieties, such as Best Bet and Immortality, are bred to rebloom after a summer resting period. Some bearded irises, like the Batik and Red Hawk, are sweetly scented. By selecting the varieties that flower at different times, you can enjoy iris blooms for several weeks, from April to June, year after year. Irises pair beautifully with other spring perennials, including allium, baptisia, and columbine. Even after the bloom has finished, the spiky, gray-green foliage is a nice textural contrast to other perennials.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
In regards to the passage, which of the following statements best answers when bearded irises bloom?

Only during the months that they are planted

They have to have full sun to bloom

Different varieties flower at different times

They only bloom from April to June

This is found in the first sentence of the second paragraph. You can eliminate “only during the months that they are planted,” as the passage does not state or imply this. It is true that they have to have full sun to bloom, but that does not answer when they bloom. Irises do bloom from April to June, but that also depends on what varieties are planted, as some varieties can rebloom after the summer resting period.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: His well drained roads were built with three layers: large stones; excavated road material; and a layer of gravel.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 4?

Change “were” to “are”

Insert a hyphen between "well" and "drained"

Remove the colon after “layers”

Change “His” to “Him”

In order to correct sentence 4, you should insert a hyphen after “well.” It is grammatically appropriate to connect two words to form a new word that begins with a prefix or to serve as a single adjective. Therefore, “well drained” should be rewritten as “well-drained.” The sentence is written in the past tense; therefore, “were” is the correct word to use, as “are” is in the present tense. It is appropriate to use a colon to introduce a list and “His” is used correctly.
An immensely topical film based on the novel by Walter Krin and directed by Jason Reitman, Up In The Air is rooted completely in today’s corporate culture, ethics of modern living, independence and success along with an envelope of self-ostracism. With all the white-collared bewilderment moving in and out of the film, the movie is something about today's continuous, the people who appear to be heartless souls giving out the fearful firing sheets and the ones who jump off the bridges after getting the sheets. Ryan Bungham (George Clooney), a high-profile, corporate down-sizer, fritters out most of his time in flights, traveling to offices throughout US and sacking out people without disappointing them. He is the well-known recluse who suddenly realizes that there is something more to life besides flying in business class from one office to another and firing people off their jobs. Natalie (Anna Kendrick), a 23-year-old psychology main, is on the brink of putting an end to Ryan’s ways of downsizing by introducing her newfangled proposal of cutting down the heavy bills of the companies by firing on the Internet. Now, Ryan’s boss loves the feisty new proposal and sets up Ryan and Natalie to head the change. And here comes the time when a few lessons of life need to be exchanged by both these generation-gapped corporate buddies. Natalie should be taught to disconnect out with her unworthy boyfriends and Ryan should learn to connect in with his family and girlfriends. The incapability to connect and disconnect along with making up life long relationships and the decoded isolation of the people inside the corporate world is well interpreted throughout the movie. Though the script is small, it’s smart with extremely crisp but real dialogues. All the performances are excellent. Anna Kendrick looks really adorable as the twenty-three old and George Clooney has been perfect as the heartless 21st century wanderer. Jason Reitman and Sheldon Turner have created a fantastic screenplay that is completely packed up with quotable quotes. The movie also stirs off some comedy sequences as well in its serious business world.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Based on the film review, which of the following would most likely enjoy this film?

An individual who likes comedies

An individual who likes dramas

An individual who likes romance movies

An individual who likes action movies

Based on the film review, the person who would most likely enjoy this film is an individual who likes dramas. Dramas are movies that put characters in conflict with themselves, others, or society. In this review, the reviewer states that both of the main characters have a difficult time connecting or disconnecting (conflict) with others. The reviewer states that is stirs “some” comedy sequences; therefore, it doesn’t imply that the movie is a comedy. It has a main male and female character, but the review does not imply that they are a couple, only co-workers; therefore, it doesn’t imply that the movie is a romance. The review also does not imply that the movie contains a lot of action; therefore, an individual who likes action movies would probably not enjoy it as much.
Over the past few decades, nibbling and noshing has become almost constant. One report from the USDA found that people in the United States consume twice as many snacks as we did in 1977. Now, nearly a quarter of the calories in our diet, about 504 per day, are eaten between meals, which aren’t getting any smaller. “If you make smart choices, snacking can provide a nutritious energy boost and help keep appetite in check,” says Judy Caplan, R.D., a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Often, however, we reach for high-cal indulgences such as chips, cookies, and cheese crackers. Nonstop temptation could be to blame. Processed snacks have crept into 41 percent of all retail establishments, even clothing stores and home improvement centers, according to the American Journal of Public Health. As a result, many of us end up grabbing a candy bar whenever we buy new socks or lightbulbs. The better approach, Gerbstadt says: “Pack a snack from home that contains 100 - 200 calories, 10 -15 grams of protein, and 2 - 5 grams of fiber.”

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the passage, which of the following options would constitute as an appropriate snack to eat on the go?

Candy bar

Nachos

Pretzels

Protein bar

According to the passage, a protein bar would constitute as an appropriate snack to eat on the go. The passage’s last sentence states that the better approach is to pack a snack that contains protein and fiber, both of which would be found in a protein bar. The other options can be easily eliminated, as they would not contain the passage’s suggested protein and fiber contents.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 10: ZIP code began on July 1 1963, as scheduled.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 10?

Insert a comma after “1”

Change “code” to “Code”

Remove the comma after “1963”

Change “began” to “begun”

In order to correct sentence 10, you should insert a comma after “1.” You should use commas to set off the items in a date: “July 1, 1963.” However, you would not use a comma between the month and year: “July 1963.” The comma after “1963” is grammatically correct and should not be removed. The use of “code” after “ZIP” is not capitalized and “began” is used in the appropriate context.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes the reviewer’s opinion towards the film?

A film that isn’t worth your time

A great film to view

A film that children shouldn’t view

A film with mediocre characters

The option that best describes the reviewer’s opinion towards the film is: A great film to view. The reviewer stated that it was a fantastic screenplay with excellent performances; therefore, you can infer that the reviewer thought that it was a great film. The review doesn’t mention any issues that would caution parents from allowing children to view, so this option can be eliminated.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 4: Prokaryotic cells however have no true nucleus.
Which of the following options properly rewrites sentence 4?

Prokaryotic cells; however, have no true nucleus.

Prokaryotic cells have no true nucleus however.

However; prokaryotic cells, have no true nucleus.

However, prokaryotic cells have no true nucleus.

A comma should be used to separate an interjection from the rest of the sentence. A semicolon should not be used in this sentence as they are used: (1) to join two or more independent clauses; (2) with transitional phrases and conjunctive adverbs; and (3) to separate groups that contain commas. The placement of the adverb “however” at the end of the sentence is grammatically incorrect.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: The seeds of the hysteria that afflicted Salem Village, Massachusetts were sown in January 1692 when a group of young girls began to display bizarre behavior.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Insert a comma after “Massachusetts”

Change “seeds” to “seed”

Change “that” to “which”

Change “began” to “begun”

When a city and state (“Salem Village, Massachusetts”) appear in the middle of a sentence, a comma should follow the last item in the address (“Massachusetts,”). The pronoun “that” is used appropriately in a restrictive clause and does not need changed to “which.” The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
Play Script Act One – The Village in the Snow MRS. LINDGREN: (exasperated) Oh dear, Christmas is almost here and nothing is ready! Every year we know we have the gathering of the Villages and every year we are not ready in time. MR. LINDGREN: (putting his arm on his wife’s shoulder) Come on dear. Try to relax a little. MRS. LINDGREN: I can’t, there’s just so much to do. I want everything to be perfect; no mistakes this year. MR. LINDGREN: Try not to think about it. At least we don’t have to worry about the presents. (Maya and Olaf come rushing in) OLAF: Hey, Dad, what was that you were saying about presents? MR. LINDGREN: Oh, nothing. We were just saying how Santa won’t be coming this year unless he sees that all the jobs have been done. OLAF: Yeah, we know. You’ve been saying that since before I was born. Why not just blame it on the stupid curse like everyone else does? MRS. LINDGREN: Olaf! Now you watch you’re tongue. I don’t want to have to ... MAYA: (interrupting) Mum, Dad, we’ve something to show you! MRS. LINDGREN: Not now Maya, I’m far too busy. MAYA: C’mon Mum! (Maya drags her parents out to center stage. The other children enter the stage dragging their parents out too) GROWN-UPS: Did you stack the firewood? Have you cleaned the grates? CHILDREN (ALL): YES! GROWN-UPS: Did you sort the apples out? And put them all in crates? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: Have you fed the animals? Has the straw been raked? CHILDREN: YES! GROWN-UPS: What a lot of work you’ve done, it’s everything we’ve said! CHILDREN: YES! Now let’s play in the snow!

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
From this play excerpt, it is clear that Mrs.
Lindgren is:

Happy

Relaxed

Stressed

Laughing

From this play excerpt, it is clear that Mrs. Lindgren is stressed. In this comprehension question, you have to realize that Mrs. Lindgren is stressed about the upcoming gathering of the Villages. You can identify that Mrs. Lindgren is stressed by the insert stating that she is exasperated and by Mr. Lindgren comforting her and asking her to relax.