Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 10 - online test

Resumes are an employee's ticket to landing an interview for a desired job. A resume is a short piece of writing that summarizes your educational and work history and gives potential employees a sense of who you are, what experience you have, and what skills might transfer successfully to their company. Because resumes are a first impression of you, they should be polished and professional. Poorly formatted, incomplete, or inaccurate resumes do not make a good first impression and will likely not land you an interview for your dream job. (1) Want your resume to stand out from the rest? When writing a resume, the last thing you want is a format that puts an employer off! This simple how-to manual will guide you to creating a good-formatted resume. (2) To begin, select a professional font, since the text is the first thing that your perspective employer will read. (3) Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri with a text size of 11 or 12. (4) Next to avoid having your text appear too cramped or far apart, you need to set up a margin of 1 inch around the page. It's recommended that your line spacing is 1.5 inches. (5) You then need to create a heading, which should contain information such as your name, address; date of birth, and contact details. (6) This should stand out from the rest of the resume, so you should put it in size 14 or size 16 font. (7) Finally, list all of your content in a chronological or formulaic order. Also be sure to list your employment and educational history, as well as any qualifications, skills, and references. (8) You could also wish to include examples of voluntary work or awards received to boost your resume. (9) Once you've wrote it, it's important to check your resume for spelling and grammatical errors. (10) If you don't take the extra time to proofread you're work, it may be discarded by a reader whose job it is to scan for errors in submissions. Remember, a resume does not get you a job. Your resume gets you an opportunity for an interview for a job where you can elaborate on the generalities listed in your resume and share specifics about how you would be a great fit for the company or organization to which you are applying. But without a strong resume, you probably won't move ahead in the interview process and you'll never have the opportunity to dazzle them in person.

Which of these corrections should be made to sentence (10) in the attached text?

Insert a comma after "popular job."

Change the word "proofread" to "proof-read."

Change "you're" to "your."

The comma after "work" should be omitted.

"You're" is a contraction for the words "you are" and would not be fitting in this sentence.
Samuel Smith,
62 Cherry Tree Lane
St. Petersburg, FL
George Ions,
Life at Heart Media,
4 Park Road
St. Petersburg, FL Dear Mr. Ions, (1) I am writing to apply for a position- I saw for a video editor at your company. (2) I am applying for this job as I have a extensive portfolio in this line of work. (3) It is something I have been passionate about for most of my life. As instructed, I have attached a job application form, a resume, and two references. I have also compiled a digital portfolio of some of my editing work that I would like to share with you. I would really like to work for your company after talking with your representative at a recent job fair and I hope you'll give me a chance to work at your company because that would be really neat. (4) I am dependable, trustworthy, and creative, and I plan to work tirelessly to help the company acheive its goals. (5) I have alot of experience with a wide variety of video editing applications, from iMovie to Final Cut Pro. (6) Additionally, the job listing I found online stated that two of the Key attributes you are looking for are the ability to meet deadlines and a desire for collaboration with clients. (7) In relation to this, I believe I have great time management skills as a result of juggling both school and a full time job. My positive, extroverted personality can also help me in building successful relationships with clients. I was vice-president of my Senior class in high school and now spend my time volunteering in the community. I enjoy working collaboratively with others and helping people. I love movies, which is why I think I would be a good video editor. I also like meeting and talking with new people from a variety of backgrounds and experiences. I have been editing videos since I was 7. My family says I do a great job and I am their "go-to" person for editing our family reunion videos each summer. (8) I feel your company would be the perfect environment for me to farther my career, and I would love to have the chance to discuss this exciting opportunity in person. (9) Thank you for considering me for this position, if you require additional information, please either see my attached documentation or contact me using the details I have enclosed. (10) I look forward to hearing from you. Hopefully we can meet soon to discuss this position as I have questions about the salary and the company environment. According to your website, there are opportunities for growth and upward movement within the company and I would like to discuss those opportunities more in-depth with you. I am available for an interview most weekday afternoons. Thank you. Sincerely, Samuel Smith

Which correction should be made to section (3) in the attached text?

There should be a comma after the word "and" in the part of the sentence mentioning "and, two references."

Change the period after "life" to a comma.

Sentence 2 should be joined with sentence 3 by placing a comma and the word "and" between the words "work" and "it is something" to read: "work, and it is something."

Change "I have attached" to "I had attached."

Sentence 3 continues the thought of sentence 2, highlighting one of the reasons the applicant is applying fo the job. Additionally, the word "it" at the start of the sentence makes it unclear what the sentence is referring to.

Which correction should be made to sentence (8) in the attached text?

Change "farther" to "further."

The comma after "career" should be changed to a semicolon.

No changes are necessary.

The comma after "career" should be omitted.

"Farther" refers to a distance you can measure, whereas "further" refers to abstract distance. Because the applicant does not know exactly how much this job will advance his career, the correct choice is "further."

Which correction should be made to sentence (6) in the attached text?

"Key" shouldn't be capitalized.

The comma after "online" should be omitted.

The "for" should be changed to "four."

Both "attributes" and "key" should be capitalized.

Capitalization of words is only appropriate in certain circumstances, which include initials, acronyms, the pronoun "I," and multiple other nouns. Despite the word "key" being a noun, it is not a "proper noun", nor is it a word of any great importance or stature (for example, the word "President").

While some assignments call for specific structures, many use this traditional format: Introduction, ... , Conclusion.

It depends.



Body Paragraphs

Introduction, Body Paragraphs, Conclusion.
Body paragraphs help you prove your thesis and move you along a compelling trajectory from your introduction to your conclusion.

Which of these corrections should be made to sentence (9) in the attached text?

Change "It's" to "its."

No changes are necessary.

Change "grammatical errors" to "grammatical error."

Change "wrote" to "written."

"Wrote" is the simple past tense of the verb "write," while "written" is the past participle. When preceded by auxillary verbs, such as "has" and "have," the verb takes the present-perfect tense (has/have + past participle). Therefore, the word "wrote" should be changed to "written" in this sentence, as "you've" is a contraction for "you have."
A speech given by Susan B. Anthony after her arrest for casting an illegal vote in the presidential election of 1872. At that time, women were not allowed to vote. Friends and fellow citizens: I stand before you tonight under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen’s rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any state to deny. The preamble of the Federal Constitution says: “We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not to the half of ourselves and the half of our posterity, but to the whole people—women as well as men. And it is a downright mockery to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican government— the ballot. For any state to make sex a qualification that must ever result in the disfranchisement of one entire half of the people, is to pass a bill of attainder, or, an ex post facto law, and is therefore a violation of the supreme law of the land. By it the blessings of liberty are forever withheld from women and their female posterity. To them this government has no just powers derived from the consent of the governed. To them this government is not a democracy. It is not a republic. It is an odious aristocracy; a hateful oligarchy of sex; the most hateful aristocracy ever established on the face of the globe; an oligarchy of wealth, where the rich govern the poor. An oligarchy of learning, where the educated govern the ignorant, might be endured; but this oligarchy of sex, which makes father, brothers, husband, sons, the oligarchs over the mother and sisters, the wife and daughters, of every household—which ordains all men sovereigns, all women subjects, carries dissension, discord, and rebellion into every home of the nation. Webster, Worcester, and Bouvier all define a citizen to be a person in the United States, entitled to vote and hold office. The only question left to be settled now is: Are women persons? And I hardly believe any of our opponents will have the hardihood to say they are not. Being persons, then, women are citizens; and no state has a right to make any law, or to enforce any old law, that shall abridge their privileges or immunities. Hence, every discrimination against women in the constitutions and laws of the several states is today null and void, precisely as is every one against Negroes.
Susan B. Anthony—1873

What can the reader infer about the speech’s intended audience?

The speech is written to convince people who may be moved by a logical look at the historical precedent for women’s rights.

The speech is written to convince a group of men who are adamantly against women’s voting rights.

The speech is written to help women learn what next steps they can take to gain voting rights.

The speech is intended to influence the group of people who will decide whether Anthony should be imprisoned for breaking the law.

We do not know from this passage who Anthony is speaking to, but it’s reasonable to assume she is not addressing people who already agree or completely disagree with her, and she doesn’t make a case that charges against her should be dropped. That makes answer (C) the best choice.

Which correction should be made to sentence (1) in the attached text?

Change "heard" to "hear."

There should be an "a" in between "of" and "new."

Change "selling" to "seling."

No changes are necessary.

The correct grammar in the sentence would be "of a new shop." If it were plural, then the "a" would be omitted and the correct sentence would be "of new shops." However, in this situation, there should be an "a in between "of" and "new."

Where should the following sentence be placed in the paragraph below?
Many people have proposed explanations for this drop. 1] Surveys of criminal activity in the United States have shown that the 1990s marked a significant drop in crimes such as vehicle theft, rape, and murder. 2] Economist Rick Nevin argues that one contributing factor is the ban on lead gasoline in the 70s because lead poisoning in children has been linked with criminal behavior later in life. 3] Other theories include the controversial claim that legalizing abortion has led to fewer unwanted children and, as a result, fewer potential criminals. 4] Some politicians, including Rudy Giuliani, even take personal responsibility, identifying their policies as effective deterrents to crime.

After sentence 3

After sentence 1

After sentence 4

After sentence 2

The sentence, “Many people have proposed explanations for this drop,” provides an introduction to the short explanations that follow. It should come after the first sentence.
Letter to Alexander Hamilton George Washington Mount Vernon August 28, 1788 Dear Sir: I have had the pleasure to receive your letter dated the 13th. accompanied by one addressed to Genl. Morgan. I will forward the letter to General Morgan by the first conveyance, and add my particular wishes, that he would comply with the request contained in it. Although I can scarcely imagine how the watch of a British officer, killed within their lines, should have fallen into his hands who was many miles distant from the scene of action, yet, if it so happened, I flatter myself there will be no reluctance or delay in restoring it to the family. As the perusal of political papers under the signature of Publius has afforded me great satisfaction, I shall certainly consider them as claiming a most distinguished place in my Library. I have read every performance which has been printed on one side and the other of the great question lately agitated (so far as I have been able to obtain them) and, without an unmeaning compliment, I will say, that I have seen no other so well calculated (in my judgment) to produce conviction on an unbiased Mind, as the Production of your triumvirate. When the transient circumstances and fugitive performances which attended this Crisis shall have disappeared, That Work will merit the Notice of Posterity; because in it are candidly and ably discussed the principles of freedom and the topics of government, which will be always interesting to mankind so long as they shall be connected in Civil Society. The circular letter from your Convention, I presume, was the equivalent by which you obtained an acquiescence in the proposed Constitution. Notwithstanding I am not very well satisfied with the tendency of it, yet the federal affairs had proceeded, with few exceptions, in so good a train, that I hope the political Machine may be put in motion, without much effort or hazard of miscarrying. On the delicate subject with which you conclude your letter, I can say nothing; because the event alluded to may never happen; and because, in case it should occur, it would be a point of prudence to defer forming one's ultimate and irrevocable decision, so long as new data might be afforded for one to act with the greater wisdom and propriety. I would not wish to conceal my prevailing sentiment from you. For you know me well enough, my good Sir, to be persuaded, that I am not guilty of affection, when I tell you, that it is my great and sole desire to live and die, in peace and retirement on my own farm. Were it even indispensable a different line of conduct should be adopted; while you and some others who are acquainted with my heart would acquit, the world and Posterity might probably accuse me [of] inconsistency and ambition. Still I hope I shall always possess firmness and virtue enough to maintain (what I consider the most enviable of all titles) the character of an honest man, as well as prove (what I desire to be considered in reality) that I am, with great sincerity and esteem, etc.

Why is this letter significant in discussing American history?

It contains sentiments commonly expressed by U.S. citizens.

It shows the language habits and forms of U.S. citizens at the time.

It is written from one general to another, discussing war tactics.

It pertains to the Constitution, a document forming the basis of U.S. government.

While the letter may be written by a general, it does not discuss war tactics. Although it may express sentiments many Americans espouse, and use colloquial language, neither of these factors form the greatest concern of the letter: the Constitution and its inception.

Which correction should be made to sentence (3) in the attached text?

The words "despite this" should be omitted.

Insert a period after the word "purchase."

Change "brought" to "bought."

No changes are necessary.

Despite only having one different letter, "brought" and "bought" have two completely different meanings. "Brought" is the past tense of "bring", whereas "bought" is the past tense of "buy." The correct word in the context is "bought."

Which correction should be made to sentence (9) in the attached text?

Change "understaffed" to "under staffed."

No changes are necessary.

Delete the comma after the word "was."

Change "weight" to "wait."

"Weight" and "wait" are homonyms of each other. "Weight" means mass or heaviness, while "wait" means the time spent in anticipation of an event. In the context, "wait" is the correct word to use.

Which correction should be made to sentence (5) in the attached text?

Change "DVDs" to "DVD's."

Change "excepted" to "accepted."

No changes are necessary.

Insert a comma after "rude."

"Excepted" and "accepted" are homonyms with very different meanings. "Excepted" means to exclude, while "accepted" means to agree to receive. In the context, the latter is the correct word to use.

Which of the following represents the best version of sentence 3?

It is very bad for their physical fitness and mental health.

This "Nature-Deficit Disorder" is very bad for their physical fitness and mental health.

This is very bad for their physical fitness and mental health.

Very bad for their physical fitness and mental health.

The sentence needs a subject. This answer is the one that most clearly identifies a subject.

Tell whether this group of words is a fragment, a run-on, or a complete sentence. Adds a coat of wax to the car.


It depends



This group of words is a sentence fragment. A sentence fragment is a string of words that does not form a complete sentence; there is a necessary component of a complete sentence missing. "Adds a coat of wax to the car" -This is a fragment with a missing subject.

An adjective describes a noun or pronoun. It usually answers one of the following questions: which one? what kind? how many? Read this paragraph. Identify adjectives. Amelia Earhart was born on July 24, 1897, in Atchison, Kansas. Amelia and her sister Muriel were adventurous. They liked to collect interesting creatures like insects and frogs.

Interesting creatures

Interesting, adventurous

Amelia and her sister Muriel

It's not clear

These words: interesting, adventurous are adjectives.
Questions 7 through 12 refer to the following passage: Workplace Smoking Policy
Secondhand smoke—breathing in other people’s tobacco smoke—has now been shown to cause lung cancer, heart disease, and many other illnesses in nonsmokers. Section 2 (2) (e) of the Health and Safety at Work Etc. Act 1974 places a duty on employers to provide a working environment for employees that is: safe, without risk to health, and adequate with regards to facilities and arrangements for their welfare at work. The Health Act 2006 requires workplaces to be smoke-free by the end of May 2007. Smoking rooms will no longer be allowed. The employer acknowledges that breathing other people’s tobacco smoke is both a public hazard and a welfare issue. Therefore the following policy has been adopted concerning smoking in this organization.
General Principles
This smoking policy seeks to guarantee nonsmokers the right to work in air free of tobacco smoke, while taking account of the health needs of those who smoke. All premises will be designated smoke-free from this day forward. Smoking will only be permitted at designated smoking areas outside the buildings. Smoking while on duty will only be allowed during official break periods.

In the passage, what is the effect of the word hazard in the third paragraph?

It reminds the reader that smoking is a kind of blinking light.

It informs the reader that smoking in public is frowned upon.

It cautions the reader not to assume the employer is against smoking.

It advises the reader that the employer sees smoking as actively dangerous to other people besides the smoker.

In this case, hazard is used as to mean “a likely danger.”

Choose the correct pronoun.
To pass the class, a student must complete all of (his or her, their) homework.



His or her


To pass the class, a student must complete all of his or her homework.

Choose the correct word to correctly complete the sentence.
Thank you for the nice ____________!

Both words are correct



It depends

A compliment can be a verb meaning to give someone praise or admiration. It can also be a noun meaning an expression of praise or admiration. So the correct sentence is: Thank you for the nice compliment!
From The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne (1850)
After her return to the prison, Hester Prynne was found to be in a state of nervous excitement that demanded constant watchfulness, lest she should perpetrate violence on herself, or do some half-frenzied mischief to the poor babe. As night approached, it proving impossible to quell her insubordination by rebuke or threats of punishment, Master Brackett, the jailer, thought fit to introduce a physician. He described him as a man of skill in all Christian modes of physical science, and likewise familiar with whatever the savage people could teach, in respect to medicinal herbs and roots that grew in the forest. To say the truth, there was much need of professional assistance, not merely for Hester herself, but still more urgently for the child; who, drawing its sustenance from the maternal bosom, seemed to have drank in with it all the turmoil, the anguish, and despair, which pervaded the mother’s system. It now writhed in convulsions of pain, and was a forcible type, in its little frame, of the moral agony which Hester Prynne had borne throughout the day.

Read the following sentence from the passage:
“To say the truth, there was much need of professional assistance, not merely for Hester herself, but still more urgently for the child; who, drawing its sustenance from the maternal bosom, seemed to have drank in with it all the turmoil, the anguish, and despair, which pervaded the mother’s system.”
The description of the baby’s illness enhances the story by:

Revealing that the baby was born ill.

Sharing with readers a physical description of the mother and baby.

Connecting an old-fashioned belief in evil to a modern-day understanding of what medicine can accomplish.

Explaining the medical condition of the baby was tied to the mother’s nervous state.

The sentence from the passage enhances the story by connecting the mother’s agitated state to the baby’s illness. Whether you believe that is scientifically possible or not is not important. Remember, in a passage from an older work, like this one, you will not always find modern ideas.

Decide if this statement tells a Fact, states an Opinion or states Both a fact and an opinion. Horses and cows sleep standing up.




It depends

Facts can be proven and usually do not change. Horses and cows sleep standing up-this is a fact.

Sentence 8 is poorly written.
What can we infer the initial "This" of the sentence refers to?




Child abduction

The "this" logically must refer to child abduction. Although not stated explicitly, it is the only choice that could logically be described as "a terrible thing" and "very rare."

Read each paragraph and choose the main ide
Maria and her friend, David, went bowling last Thursday. Ivy had never bowled before, but she was excited to try. First, David's ball landed in the gutter. Then, he knocked down one or two pins on most of his turns. David did not get any strikes or spares. Maria said to David, “The score doesn't matter as long as we are having fun.”
The main idea of this paragraph is:

Maria is an excellent bowler

David is not a good bowler.

David and Maria will go bowling again.

It's not clear.

The main idea is the point of the paragraph. It is the most important thought about the topi "David is not a good bowler." is the best option.

Using the context clues, choose the best definition for the underlined word
The homes on the north side of the tracks were poor and shabby, but those on the south side were obviously affluent.

new, recently built


prosperous, well off


antonym of ‘poor and shabby’

Which word is the subject of this sentence?
According to engineers, computers can give us an amazing amount of information about a car.





According to engineers, computers can give us an amazing amount of information about a car.
“The Gift of the Magi”
One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Pennies saved one and two at a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher until one’s cheeks burned with the silent imputation of parsimony that such close dealing implied. Three times Della counted it. One dollar and eighty-seven cents. And the next day would be Christmas. There was clearly nothing left to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating. While the mistress of the home is gradually subsiding from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the look-out for the mendicancy squad. Della finished her cry and attended to her cheeks with the powder rag. She stood by the window and looked out dully at a grey cat walking a grey fence in a grey backyard. Tomorrow would be Christmas Day, and she had only $1.87 with which to buy Jim a present. She had been saving every penny she could for months, with this result. Twenty dollars a week doesn’t go far. Expenses had been greater than she had calculated. They always are. Only $1.87 to buy a present for Jim. Her Jim. Many a happy hour she had spent planning for something nice for him. Something fine and rare and sterling— something just a little bit near to being worthy of the honor of being owned by Jim …. Suddenly she whirled from the window and stood before the glass. Her eyes were shining brilliantly, but her face had lost its color within twenty seconds. Rapidly she pulled down her hair and let it fall to its full length. Now, there were two possessions of the James Dillingham Youngs in which they both took a mighty pride. One was Jim’s gold watch that had been his father’s and his grandfather’s. The other was Della’s hair. Had the Queen of Sheba lived in the flat across the airshaft, Della would have let her hair hang out of the window someday to dry just to depreciate Her Majesty’s jewels and gifts. Had King Solomon been the janitor, with all his treasures piled up in the basement, Jim would have pulled out his watch every time he passed, just to see him pluck at his beard from envy. So now Della’s beautiful hair fell about her, rippling and shining like a cascade of brown waters. It reached below her knee and made itself almost a garment for her. And then she did it up again nervously and quickly. Once she faltered for a minute and stood still while a tear or two splashed on the worn red carpet. On went her old brown jacket; on went her old brown hat. With a whirl of skirts and with the brilliant sparkle still in her eyes, she cluttered out of the door and down the stairs to the street. Where she stopped the sign read: “Mme Sofronie. Hair Goods of All Kinds.” Della ran up the steps to the shop and collected herself, panting. “Will you buy my hair?” asked Della.

You can tell that Della and Jim’s relationship is:

(B)Good when they give each other presents


(D)One of protagonist and antagonist

(A)Caring and loving

The other answers are not true of the couple. The couples are not protagonist and antagonist (D) because we see that they care deeply for each other. If anything, the only protagonist—or force—in the story is the fact that they are poor.

Fill in the blank with either accept or except.
John could not __________ the jo


both words are correct


It depends

accept = verb meaning to receive or to agree
“In Flanders Fields”
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved, and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

The poem is written through the voice of:

(A)The poet, John McCrae

(C)Colonel McCrae’s staff

(B)The dead soldiers

(D)The priest

The second and third verses both say the soldiers are dead, yet they speak to the living. Answers (A), (C), and (D) all contradict the evidence that the dead soldiers are speaking.

Read the passage below and answer the question that follows it.
Anastasia sat by the fountain in the park with her head in her palms. She was weeping mournfully and wearing all black. In between gasps and sobs, Anastasia cried out, “Oh... John…” And then her cell phone beepe Her hand dived into her purse and her heart skipped a beat. It was a text message from John! She opened up the message and read the few stark words, “I need to get my jacket back from you.” Anastasia threw her head onto her arms and resumed sobbing.
Why is Anastasia crying?

John has die

John hasn’t called her for a long time.

She’s broken up with John.

John’s broken up with her.

We know that John broke up with Anastasia [and not the other way around] because she is obviously unhappy. She is excited to hear from him and was upset by his impersonal text. Anastasia wants John back and is mourning.
U.S. Department of Labor’s Disability Employment Policy
What is the ADA?
The ADA is a federal civil rights law that was passed in 1990 and went into effect beginning in 1992. Its purpose is to protect people with disabilities from discrimination in employment, in the programs and activities offered by state and local governments, and in accessing the goods and services offered in places like stores, hotels, restaurants, football stadiums, doctors’ offices, beauty parlors, and so on. The focus of this guide is Title I of the ADA, which prohibits discrimination in employment and requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities. Who must comply with Title I of the ADA? Only “covered entities” must comply with Title I of the ADA. The term “covered entities” includes employers with 15 or more employees, employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint labor-management committees. For simplicity, this guide will refer to covered entities as “employers.” For more information about covered entities, see .html#2-III-B. Who is protected by Title I of the ADA? Title I protects “qualified employees with disabilities.” The term “qualified” means that the individual satisfies the skill, experience, education, and other job-related requirements of the position sought or held, and can perform the essential job functions of the position, with or without reasonable accommodations. For additional information about the definition of qualified, see ADAtam1.html#II. The term “employee” means “an individual employed by an employer.” The question of whether an employer-employee relationship exists is fact-specific and depends on whether the employer controls the means and manner of the worker’s work performance.

Read this sentence from the second complete paragraph:
The term “covered entities” includes employers with 15 or more employees, employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint labor-management committees.
What can be inferred about covered entities from this sentence?

Businesses with 14 or fewer employees do not have to follow the ADA.

“Covered entities” are considered to be any kind of business, no matter how many employees work there.

Businesses with 14 or fewer employees are not considered “covered entities” under the ADA.

All “covered entities” are also businesses.

It’s tempting to guess one of the other answer choices, but only answer (B) is proven by rereading the passage.

What is the meaning of parsimony in paragraph 1?





Della has to be thrifty to make her small amount of money last. Parsimony makes her cheeks burn. She’s not happy (C) about it, but neither does she show the tradesmen that she’s overly emotional (D). You can’t substitute the word generosity (A) for parsimony: you can’t be broke and generous, at least not with money.

Choose the sentence that should be ended with an exclamation point:

Do you know when the first match starts

What a wonderful idea

We went to the mall and the movies

Susan asked if you wanted to go out for dinner tomorrow

Need to indicate emotion.

Which correction should be made to sentence (4) in the attached text?

The comma after "organized" should be changed to the word "and."

The word "fiftieth" should be capitalized.

No changes are necessary.

Insert a hyphen between "well" and "marked."

The comma after "organized" should be changed to the word "and" because the words "everything is well marked" should be included with the rest of the sentence and not set apart with a comma.

Choose the correct idiom to complete each sentence.
Kristen was coughing and sneezing. She was feeling...

under the weather

down to earth

early bird


To feel under the weather means to feel sick.
(1) Believe it or not, it is more than possible to make a film in 48 hours. You won't get a feature-length blockbuster for your efforts, but you will get a short film of around 5 minutes and a lot of memories because it's such a unique experience. This how-to guide serves as a rough introduction to making a 48-hour film. (2) The first thing you probably kneed to do is to go to the store and buy some caffeine because you won't be getting much sleep. Before you begin, it is important to evaluate your assets. (3) See what you have, available to you in terms of locations, equipment, crew, and cast. Successful films don't always require fancy sets, exotic locations, or A-list actors; some of the most poignant films are those the audience can really connect with because they can relate to the characters and their struggles. You will need the technology necessary to film and record both the audio and visual and the programs to edit and compile everything into a completed masterpiece. Many of these programs can be found online and are free or low-cost. B:
(4) Once the clock has started ticking, the first thing to do is to create a story. Keep in mind the assets you have axes to. (5) You should then right a screenplay and a shot plan—examples of these can be easily found online. When all is set, it's time to shoot your film. (6) You don't need anything overly advanced to begin, although, it's probably recommended that you record your visual and audio content onto different devices. The audio portion of the shoot is just as, if not more important than the visual or picture portion. Most video cameras that amateur filmmakers have access to do not have sufficient audio recording capabilities. Environmental factors including wind and background noise can also affect audio quality. So, recording audio and visual on different devices allows you to set up the best environment for audio recordings to ensure it's clear and easy to understand. C:
(7) After filming, you have to get your footage onto the computer. How you go about doing this depends on the type of camera you have used. (8) Next is the editing process, which may take up the majority of your time. Unfortunately, it is very unlikely that your editing process will be less then 18 hours long. (9) One of the first tasks you may encounter in post production is to synchronize your sound clips with your visual ones. You then have to edit, which can be done in any program, ranging from free software to professional programs with monthly fees. (10) When you have finished, all you have to do is to render and export, and you got yourself a 48-hour film! Now it's time to set up your film's release and invite all of your friends and family to a viewing party!

Which correction should be made to sentence (2) in the attached text?

No changes are necessary.

Insert commas after the words "store" and "caffeine."

Change "buy" to "bye."

Change "kneed" to "need."

Despite being homonyms, "need" and "kneed" have very different meanings. "Need" is a noun or verb that means "to require something." "Kneed" is a verb that refers to "making physical contact with another person or object with your knee." In this context, "need" is the correct word to use.

Choose the appropriate transition word
First, John went to basketball practice. __________, he went to the ice cream shop with his friends.

After that



As well as

A transition word is a word that links two ideas or clauses in a sentence. First, John went to basketball practice. After that, he went to the ice cream shop with his friends.

Some states have very similar abbreviations.
Choose the correct abbreviation of this state: Missouri





MO is the abbreviation of the state of Missouri.
This is an article published in World Science News ( that cites evidence for the theory that some bacteria may have a sense of sight. It was written with the support of eLife. How Slime Sees (1) “The idea that bac­te­ria can see their world in bas­ic­ally the same way that we do is pret­ty ex­cit­ing,” said lead re­searcher Con­rad Mul­l­i­neaux, a bi­ol­o­gist at Queen Mary Un­ivers­ity of Lon­don. “The fact that bac­te­ria re­spond to light is one of the old­est sci­en­tif­ic ob­serva­t­ions of their be­hav­ior,” he added. But the fact that they use their bo­dies as eye­balls, he said, though, is “pret­ty ob­vi­ous with hind­sight… we nev­er thought of it un­til we saw it. And no one else no­ticed it be­fore ei­ther, de­spite the fact that sci­en­tists have been look­ing at bac­te­ria un­der mi­cro­scopes for the last 340 years.” (2) His team of Brit­ish and Ger­man re­search­ers de­scribes in the jour­nal eLife how bac­te­ri­al cells act as the equiv­a­lent of a mi­cro­scop­ic eye­ball or the world’s old­est, small­est cam­era eye. (3) Cya­no­bac­te­ria live in huge num­bers in wa­ter bod­ies or can form a slip­pery green film on rocks. The spe­cies used in the stu­dy, Sy­ne­cho­cys­tis, lives in freshwa­ter lakes and riv­ers. Cyanobac­te­ria evolved an es­ti­mat­ed 2.7 bil­lion years ago. The fact that they can pro­duce ox­y­gen and con­vert car­bon di­ox­ide to or­gan­ic ma­te­ri­al us­ing en­er­gy from the sun—the pro­cess of pho­to­syn­the­sis—is thought to have caused mass ex­tinc­tions and the old­est known ice age. (4) As pho­to­syn­the­sis is cru­cial to these bac­te­ri­a’s sur­viv­al, sci­en­tists have sought to un­der­stand how they sense light. Pre­vi­ous stud­ies have shown that they con­tain light-sens­ing mo­le­cules and that they can per­ceive and ap­proach a light source, a pro­cess called pho­to­tax­is. (5) The new study found they can do this be­cause the cell body acts like a lens. As light hits the round sur­face, it re­fracts, or bends in­to a point on the oth­er side of the cell. This trig­gers move­ment by the cell away from the fo­cused spot. With­in min­utes, the mi­crobe grows ti­ny tentacle-like things called pi­li that reach out to­wards the light. As they at­tach to the sur­face that they’re on, they re­tract and pull the bac­te­ria along. (6) Sy­ne­cho­cys­tis serves as a spher­i­cal lens but the team thinks that rod-shaped bac­te­ria can al­so trap light and sense the di­rec­tion it is com­ing from us­ing re­frac­tion, act­ing like an op­ti­cal fi­ber. (7) The sci­en­tists called the find­ings a likely ex­am­ple of con­ver­gent evo­lu­tion—where two or more or­gan­isms evolve si­m­i­lar struc­tures, but us­ing dif­fer­ent ge­net­ic means. (8) “The phys­i­cal prin­ci­ples for the sens­ing of light by bac­te­ria and the far more com­plex vi­sion in an­i­mals are sim­i­lar, but the bi­o­log­i­cal struc­tures are dif­fer­ent,” said co-author An­negret Wilde from the Un­ivers­ity of Frei­burg in Ger­many. (9) A Sy­ne­cho­cys­tis cell is about half a bil­lion times smaller than the hu­man eye. As with the ret­i­na in the hu­man eye, the im­age on the rear of the cell will be up­side down. But its res­o­lu­tion will be much low­er, so only a blurred out­line of any ob­ject can be per­ceived. The abil­ity of op­ti­cal ob­jects to dis­tin­guish fi­ne de­tail is de­ter­mined by “an­gu­lar res­o­lu­tion.” In the hu­man eye this is an im­pres­sive 0.02 de­grees; in Sy­ne­cho­cys­tis, an esti­mated 21 de­grees.

Which of these quotations from the passage supports the idea that other bacteria besides Cya­no­bac­te­ria can sense light?

“The abil­ity of op­ti­cal ob­jects to dis­tin­guish fi­ne de­tail is de­ter­mined by ‘an­gu­lar res­o­lu­tion.’ ” (paragraph 9)

“Pre­vi­ous stud­ies have shown that they con­tain light-sens­ing mo­le­cules and that they can per­ceive and ap­proach a light source, a pro­cess called pho­to­tax­is.” (paragraph 4)

"Sy­ne­cho­cys­tis serves as a spher­i­cal lens but the team thinks that rod-shaped bac­te­ria can al­so trap light and sense the di­rec­tion it is com­ing from us­ing re­frac­tion, act­ing like an op­ti­cal fi­ber.” (paragraph 6)

“But the fact that they use their bo­dies as eye­balls, he said, though, is ‘pret­ty ob­vi­ous with hind­sight… we nev­er thought of it un­til we saw it…’” (paragraph 1)

This is the only sentence in the passage that mentions any other type of bacteria besides Cya­no­bac­te­ria.
Downin Park Needs More Trees
Since the early 1800s, Downin Park has provided our town with a place to enjoy nature with our family and friends. Many residents use the park for biking, hiking, picnicking, and sunbathing. But in the last few years, development of residential apartment blocks to the west of the park has led to the removal of many trees in that area. Downin Park no longer provides the deep shade it once did. We need to fix this! As a lifelong resident of this town, I’m disappointed that the Town Council has allowed development to occur so close to the park. We don’t have need for expensive apartment housing like that being constructed. Nevertheless, the developers and the Council could help by replacing the lost trees cut down to make way for the new apartment buildings. Trees should be planted on the other side of the park fence, and the sooner the better. It’s alarming to realize that it will still take decades for Downin Park to recover the shade it once offered, but that’s no reason to put off planting the trees. Even if the people of my generation are not here to see the trees at their full beauty, our children will be. Isn’t that the most generous act of all, to undertake work that we may not see the results of ourselves? I hope with all my heart that the Town Council and the developers will listen to reason and plant trees in Downin Park. Let’s save the park!

The author wrote and published this op-ed because:

(A)She wanted to see her name in the paper.

(B)She believes the new apartment developments are ugly and should not be built.

(D)She wants to draw attention to the need to plant more trees in Downin Park.

(C)She wants the people in her town to stop cutting down trees.

Answer (A) isn’t proven by the passage, and answer (B) is about a smaller point in the passage. The main point is in answer (D).
Contract for Purchase of a Car
Buyer’s name:_______
Address: ______ Phone: ______Seller’s name: _______
Address: _____________
Phone: ____________
The Seller hereby conveys to the Buyer full ownership and title to the motor vehicle described below:
Description of motor vehicle sold:
Year: _____ Make: ______________ Model: _____________ VIN: ____________
The Buyer hereby agrees to pay the Seller $X on MM/DD/YY, and $Y on the Nth day of each month beginning MM/DD/YY, until all payments made to the Seller total $X. If the Buyer fails to make a payment on or before its due date, a late fee of $X shall be added to the balance due and shall be payable immediately. Both parties hereby agree that this is an “as-is” sale, with no warranties of any kind expressed or implied.
This agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of ________ and the County of _______ and any applicable U.S. laws. The parties hereby signify their agreement to the terms above by their signatures affixed below:
Buyer’s signature, date: _________
Seller’s signature, date: ____________

Which statement summarizes the content or main idea of this contract?

(A)A buyer and seller are still discussing the price of the car.

(D)A buyer agrees to buy and a seller agrees to sell a car for a stated amount of money to be paid in a certain amount of time.

(B)The buyer will fill out the contract because all the responsibility is with him or her.

(C)The buyer and seller agree to terms of the sale and promise to abide by them.

This is the only answer that includes all the main idea elements. Answer (A) is incorrect because you sign a contract only after the details (including the price) have been decided, while answer (B) is an incorrect detail. Answer (C) is correct as far as it goes, but it is not the complete main idea.