Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 1 - online test

Geocaching is an outdoor treasure hunt using hand-held Global Positioning System units. The geocachers hide and seek “treasures,” which are found in waterproof containers and typically include a pencil, small notebook to serve as a logbook for finders, and several trinkets like key chains, small toys, and buttons. Geocaches can range in size from a small film canister to bigger than a 5-gallon bucket. Geocachers hide the geocache and enter coordinates on a website. Others download the coordinates, enter them into a GPS unit and hunt for the geocache. Once the cache is found, the finders enter their names and date into the logbook in the cache. The finders can then take an object from the cache while leaving something of equal or higher value. The finders replace the geocache in the same place where they found it for future geocachers to find.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options identifies the purpose behind geocaching?

To learn how to use a GPS

To hide and seek treasures

To obtain some exercise

To learn how to log your actions

The purpose behind geocaching is to hide and seek treasures, which is identified in the second sentence of the passage. During the act of geocaching, the geocachers will learn how to use a GPS, they will obtain some exercise, and they will learn how to log their findings, but those actions are not the purpose behind geocaching.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below. Sentence 11: Mindfulness compliance, and acceptance for the new dress code will be beneficial for Northern Lights and its employees.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 11?

Replace “its” with “it’s”

Change “will be” to “would be”

Change “for the” to “of the”

Insert a comma after “Mindfulness”

In order to correct sentence 11, you should insert a comma after “Mindfulness.” Commas are used between items in a series. In this question, “mindfulness” and “compliance” are both part of a series that need to be separated with the use of a comma. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
Igloos are built in fields of hard, packed snow. They're made of snow blocks cut from snow well beneath the soft, dry layers on the ground surface. Igloos shouldn't be more than 10 feet in diameter; otherwise you need a perfect dome for structural integrity and heat retention. Large blocks are cut to construct the bottom of the igloo, and smaller ones make up the top. Bricks are layered in a spiral pattern along the igloo's perimeter, placed at a slight slant to create a dome. The blocks support one another so they don't fall in. Blocks are smoothed together, and piled up snow is removed from the dome as it's being built. A hole is dug at the entrance, and blocks are piled over it, forming a tunnel entrance. The inside of the dome is smoothed well using gloved hands so moisture drips down its sides instead of from the roof. Traditional igloo houses have beds made from snow covered in twigs and animal skins. Modern igloos may have the floor covered with camping mattresses. The tenant may cut a niche in the inside to place a candle, cookware or supplies. Entrances are kept open for ventilation purposes, but animal skins or blankets may be placed as a door flap to keep warmth in.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
It can be inferred from this passage that igloos should be:

Used for ice-fishing huts

Built in the mountains

Constructed in cold climates

Insulated with animal skins

From the passage, you can infer that igloos should be constructed in cold climates. Igloos are made from snow blocks; therefore, you can determine that igloos would only last in climates that were cold. Igloos could be used for ice-fishing huts, but the passage does not indicate that they are used for fishing purposes. Igloos could be built in the mountains, but the passage does not mention or indicate that igloos should be built in the mountains. The passage states that animal skins are used for bedding or as a door covering, but it does not imply that they are used to insulate an igloo.
Eighty-Eight by Nicholas Gordan Eighty-eight spends much of life in bed, Interred beyond her time in drugs and pain. Grateful only for the gift of sleep, Having lost the will to laugh or weep, The shrunken doll repeats just one refrain, Yearning for the comforts of the dead. Even so, the trail of pills has led Into a world she grapples with in vain, Grasping for a grace she cannot keep, Harsh and vivid hauntings of the brain That make of life a stew of joy and dread.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following best describes the poem’s subject?

Blessed

Ailing

Irked

Energetic

The poem is about an eighty-eight year old woman who is bedridden and is in much pain; therefore, you can infer that the woman’s health is ailing. The poem does not indicate that the woman feels blessed or energetic, as she yearns for death and is in a lot of pain. You may have thought that the woman was irked, or upset, but the poem does not imply that the woman is mad.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
Which of the following options best describes what type of passage this is?

Expository

Narrative

Persuasive

Technical

This passage is written as a technical passage. A technical passage is one that informs the reader on how to make something or how to do something. In this case, the author is informing the reader on how geocaching works.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 3: However, I do not believe that the benefits of widening main street for more traffic compare favorably to the benefits of keeping the trees.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 3?

Change “that” to “which”

Change “compare” to “compares”

Change “main street” to “Main Street”

Change “benefits” to “benefit”

In order to correct sentence 3, you would need to change “main street” to “Main Street.” The names of streets, roads, and highways are capitalized; therefore, “Main Street” should be capitalized. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.
Originating from Egypt, dukkah is a vibrant mix of nuts and spices that has steadily grown in popularity. The McCormick Flavor Forecast 2013 trend report highlights this blend of flavors and textures as the spice mix of the moment. There’s no exact science to making the perfect dukkah, so customize it to your liking. Swap hazelnuts for pistachios, or even use almonds or walnuts. Toasting the nuts and spices is a must in order to bring out the different flavors in the blend. Try dukkah as a dip with olive oil, use it as a spice rub for meat, or toss it with pasta.

Read the supporting details then answer the following question.
According to the article, what MUST be done to bring out the flavor in dukkah?

It needs infused with olive oil

The nuts and spices need to be toasted

It needs tossed with pasta

The walnuts need replaced with almonds

This answer can be found in the third sentence of the second paragraph. You can eliminate the option stating that it should be infused with olive oil, as the passage only states that it can be used with olive oil as a dip. The other two options can also be eliminated, as they were just suggestions on how to use dukkah, not items that are required to bring out the flavor.

Read the supporting details then correct the sentence below.
Sentence 1: In the United States most jobs are now located in the suburbs than in central cities as a result of the movement of commercial and industrial parks from the inside to the outside of the city.
Which of the following changes should be made to correct sentence 1?

Change “commercial” to “commercials”

Change “than” to “then”

Change “most” to “more”

Change “are” to “is”

In order to correct sentence 1, you should change “most” to “more.” The sentence is referring to jobs that are located in either a suburb or a city (two objects); therefore, you would want to use “more,” as “most” would be used to refer to three or more objects. You would use “than” in a comparative sentence (i.e. suburbs versus cities) and you would use “then” as a time marker or with a sequence of events; therefore, “than” is used correctly in this sentence. The other answer options are not options that would make the sentence grammatically correct.