Ged Reading & Writing Practice Test 3 - online test

Read the following passage to answer the question:
One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin. He lay on his armour-like back, and if he lifted his head a little he could see his brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections. The bedding was hardly able to cover it and seemed ready to slide off any moment. His many legs, pitifully thin compared with the size of the rest of him, waved about helplessly as he looked.
"What's happened to me?" he thought. It wasn't a dream. His room, a proper human room although a little too small, lay peacefully between its four familiar walls. A collection of textile samples lay spread out on the table - Samsa was a travelling salesman - and above it there hung a picture that he had recently cut out of an illustrated magazine and housed in a nice, gilded frame. It showed a lady fitted out with a fur hat and fur boa who sat upright, raising a heavy fur muff that covered the whole of her lower arm towards the viewer.
Gregor then turned to look out the window at the dull weather. Drops of rain could be heard hitting the pane, which made him feel quite sad. "How about if I sleep a little bit longer and forget all this nonsense", he thought, but that was something he was unable to do because he was used to sleeping on his right, and in his present state couldn't get into that position. However hard he threw himself onto his right, he always rolled back to where he was. He must have tried it a hundred times, shut his eyes so that he wouldn't have to look at the floundering legs, and only stopped when he began to feel a mild, dull pain there that he had never felt before.
"Oh, God", he thought, "what a strenuous career it is that I've chosen! Travelling day in and day out. Doing business like this takes much more effort than doing your own business at home, and on top of that there's the curse of travelling, worries about making train connections, bad and irregular food, contact with different people all the time so that you can never get to know anyone or become friendly with them. It can all go to Hell!"
What is the purpose of this passage?

To show you what kind of person Gregor Samsa is.

To show what happens when family turmoil reaches a breaking point.

To introduce the problem of the main character as well as some of the mounting pressures that may have led to his feeling of isolation.

To shock the reader.

Read the following how-to guide on essay writing basics.
Knowing how to write a five-paragraph essay is essential for developing good composition skills. It gives the author an easy format for clear organization and explanation of a topic. Many literature and composition classes require five-paragraph essays because of the simplicity and clarity they bring to a specific topic, and that is why understanding the five-paragraph essay is important. A five-paragraph essay consists of three parts—the introduction, the body, and the conclusion—and each part plays a role that is vital to the structure and presentation of the essay.
The introduction consists of one paragraph. This paragraph introduces the reader to the topic and outlines what the reader will learn from the essay. In the introduction, a hook is important to grab the reader’s attention and is usually the first sentence. At the end of the introduction a transitional sentence is helpful so that the essay flows seamlessly from one paragraph to the next. As important as having a hook is to grab attention, the thesis statement is the most important aspect of the introductory paragraph. The thesis is the concise wording of what will be discussed in the body of the paragraph. It should include three main points that correspond to the three body paragraphs that follow the introduction.
The body of the essay consists of three paragraphs that correspond to the three main points made in the thesis statement. Each paragraph will go into more detail on one point and explain why this point supports your opinion or topic. The body paragraphs should contain examples drawn from facts and evidence. They should also contain an explanation of the facts and evidence. The end of each body paragraph needs to contain a conclusion statement that helps prove the thesis. The body is vital to the structure of the essay because it solidifies what was stated in the thesis. Once the body has been developed, a proper conclusion can be made from the introduction and body paragraphs.
The conclusion takes the information presented in the body of the essay and ties it back to the thesis statement. In the conclusion, the thesis statement will be restated and the body paragraphs summarized to show how the conclusion came about. The conclusion is vital to the structure of the essay because it summarizes in a concise manner what the author was presenting in the essay and signals the essay has come to an end.
The introduction, body, and conclusion are all important to a five-paragraph essay because each section provides both structure that makes the essay flow from one paragraph to the next and important information that backs up the author’s thesis statement. The introduction introduces the topic and sets the tone, the body explains the topic using three main points, and the conclusion summarizes the essay and signals the end. The five-paragraph essay is an easy way to clearly explain a topic.
What option best describes the steps involved in completing the process?

Develop a hook to attract reader interest; use that hook as a segue to your thesis statement. Then, write three paragraphs that support your thesis, and bring the essay to a close.

Ask a question to attract reader interest; from there, go immediately in to each of your three points and restate them at the conclusion.

Choose wording carefully. Ensure that each paragraph has at least five sentences and that the entire essay has a minimum of five paragraphs. Restate your conclusion at the end.

Start with a hook to engage the reader. Use that hook as a segue to your thesis statement, which should have three main points. Supply a transitional sentence to flow in to the next paragraph. Use supporting details for each point in your thesis statement and make these your body paragraphs. End each body paragraph with a transitional sentence to the next. Write a conclusion that restates the thesis, reviews the three main points and shows how they tied in to the thesis.

What conclusions can be drawn from this statement:
Are you one of those trusng souls who thinks that movie accounts of historical events are accurate? If so, you might want to consider the cinemac fate of Brish sea captain William Bligh (1754-1817).

The author is about to share a history lesson about the life of sea captain William Bligh.

The author is a movie lover and this will be a film essay on the different films made about the life of William Bligh.

The author is writing a piece that illuminates the liberties Hollywood takes with films that are based on true stories.

The author enjoys naval dramas.

Read the first paragraph of this student essay:
Not all thieves lurk in dark alleys and parks. Some sit with their faces lit by the glow of their computer monitors, copying, pasting, and printing.
It may seem like just another helpful source of information, but the Internet has taken the theft of “intellectual property” to a new level. Part of the problem is that most students don’t really know the exact definition of plagiarism or its consequences. Some say that using someone else’s ideas without attributing them is a form of theft, but most people don’t think of it as a serious crime.
Infer the main idea of the rest of the essay.

The student is going to shed light on the growing problem of Internet plagiarism.

The student will endorse the art of plagiarizing without getting caught.

The student will be exposing the problem of Internet plagiarism from a teacher’s perspective.

The student will expose the problem of Internet plagiarism and try to draw attention to how it is defined, why it is important to avoid it, and to know the difference between crediting sources and stealing ideas as your own.

Read this excerpt from the film script for It’s A Wonderful Life.
The dialogue is spoken by George Bailey shortly after his father has died, and it’s directed at Mr. Potter, the film’s villain.
"Just a minute... just a minute. Now, hold on, Mr. Potter. You're right when you say my father was no businessman. I know that. Why he ever started this cheap, penny-ante Building and Loan, I'll never know. But neither you nor anyone else can say anything against his character, because his whole life was... why, in the 25 years since he and his brother, Uncle Billy, started this thing, he never once thought of himself. Isn't that right, Uncle Billy? He didn't save enough money to send Harry away to college, let alone me. But he did help a few people get out of your slums, Mr. Potter, and what's wrong with that? Why... here, you're all businessmen here. Doesn't it make them better citizens? Doesn't it make them better customers? You... you said... what'd you say a minute ago? They had to wait and save their money before they even ought to think of a decent home. Wait? Wait for what? Until their children grow up and leave them? Until they're so old and broken down that they... Do you know how long it takes a working man to save $5,000? Just remember this, Mr. Potter, that this rabble you're talking about... they do most of the working and paying and living and dying in this community. Well, is it too much to have them work and pay and live and die in a couple of decent rooms and a bath? Anyway, my father didn't think so. People were human beings to him. But to you, a warped, frustrated old man, they're cattle.
Well in my book, my father died a much richer man than you'll ever be!"
How do George Bailey’s feelings about his father change during this speech?

He goes from disrespect for his father to admiration.

He sides with Mr. Potter about the fact that his father wasn’t a businessman.

He goes from not understanding why his father lived life the way he did to complete understanding and admiration.

He understands why his father did what he did, but still doesn’t approve.

Read this passage from Edgar Allan Poe's “The Cask of Amontillado.”
The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however, that gave utterance to a threat. At length I would be avenged; this was a point definitely, settled --but the very definitiveness with which it was resolved precluded the idea of risk. I must not only punish but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong.
It must be understood that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunato cause to doubt my good will. I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation.
He had a weak point -- this Fortunato -- although in other regards he was a man to be respected and even feared. He prided himself on his connoisseurship in wine. Few Italians have the true virtuoso spirit. For the most part their enthusiasm is adopted to suit the time and opportunity, to practise imposture upon the British and Austrian millionaires. In painting and gemmary, Fortunato, like his countrymen, was a quack, but in the matter of old wines he was sincere. In this respect I did not differ from him materially; --I was skilful in the Italian vintages myself, and bought largely whenever I could.
It was about dusk, one evening during the supreme madness of the carnival season, that I encountered my friend. He accosted me with excessive warmth, for he had been drinking much. The man wore motley. He had on a tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his head was surmounted by the conical cap and bells. I was so pleased to see him that I thought I should never have done wringing his hand.

Select the answer that has the events in the correct order:

  1. The narrator offers to take Fortunato for a taste of what he says “might” be Amontillado wine.
  2. The narrator decides to annihilate Fortunato.
  3. The narrator appears at the carnival.
  4. The narrator feigns surprise and happiness at having met Fortunato at the carnival.
  5. Fortunato injures the narrator numerous times in an undisclosed manner.
  6. Fortunato gets drunk.

E, F, B, C, A, D

B, F, E, C, D, A

E, B, F, C, D, A

E, D, A, F, D, B

What can you infer will happen next in the story?

The narrator and Fortunato will enjoy a wild night of drinking and reconciling.

The narrator will play a prank on Fortunato.

The narrator will sincerely seek Fortunato’s wine expertise in determining if what he’s come upon is Amontillado.

The narrator will take severe vengeance on Fortunato, perhaps even killing him.

Re-read this excerpt from the story:
It must be understood that neither by word nor deed had I given Fortunato cause to doubt my good will. I continued, as was my wont, to smile in his face, and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation.
Using context clues, choose the best meaning for the word “immolation.”

To be killed as a sacrificial victim.

To embarrass or ridicule.

To set one afire.

To emulate or copy the behaviors of another person.

Read the Challenger Shuttle Disaster Speech from former President Ronald Reagan.
Ladies and Gentlemen, I’d planned to speak to you tonight to report on the state of the Union, but the events of earlier today have led me to change those plans. Today is a day for mourning and remembering. Nancy and I are pained to the core by the tragedy of the shuttle Challenger. We know we share this pain with all of the people of our country. This is truly a national loss.
Nineteen years ago, almost to the day, we lost three astronauts in a terrible accident on the ground. But, we’ve never lost an astronaut in flight; we’ve never had a tragedy like this. And perhaps we’ve forgotten the courage it took for the crew of the shuttle; but they, the Challenger Seven, were aware of the dangers, but overcame them and did their jobs brilliantly. We mourn seven heroes: Michael Smith, Dick Scobee, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Ellison Onizuka, Gregory Jarvis, and Christa McAuliffe. We mourn their loss as a nation together.
For the families of the seven, we cannot bear, as you do, the full impact of this tragedy. But we feel the loss, and we’re thinking about you so very much. Your loved ones were daring and brave, and they had that special grace, that special spirit that says, “give me a challenge and I’ll meet it with joy.” They had a hunger to explore the universe and discover its truths. They wished to serve, and they did. They served all of us.
We’ve grown used to wonders in this century. It’s hard to dazzle us. But for twenty-five years the United States space program has been doing just that. We’ve grown used to the idea of space, and perhaps we forget that we’ve only just begun. We’re still pioneers. They, the member of the Challenger crew, were pioneers.
And I want to say something to the schoolchildren of America who were watching the live coverage of the shuttle’s takeoff. I know it is hard to understand, but sometimes painful things like this happen. It’s all part of the process of exploration and discovery. It’s all part of taking a chance and expanding man’s horizons. The future doesn’t belong to the fainthearted; it belongs to the brave. The Challenger crew was pulling us into the future, and we’ll continue to follow them.
I’ve always had great faith in and respect for our space program, and what happened today does nothing to diminish it. We don’t hide our space program. We don’t keep secrets and cover things up. We do it all up front and in public. That’s the way freedom is, and we wouldn’t change it for a minute. We’ll continue our quest in space. There will be more shuttle flights and more shuttle crews and, yes, more volunteers, more civilians, more teachers in space. Nothing ends here; our hopes and our journeys continue. I want to add that I wish I could talk to every man and woman who works for NASA or who worked on this mission and tell them: “Your dedication and professionalism have moved an impressed us for decades. And we know of your anguish. We share it.”
There’s a coincidence today. On this day 390 years ago, the great explorer Sir Francis Drake died aboard ship off the coast of Panama. In his lifetime the great frontiers were the oceans, and a historian later said, “He lived by the sea, died on it, and was buried in it.” Well, today we can say of the challenger crew: Their dedication was, like Drake’s, complete.
The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honored us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for the journey and waved goodbye and “slipped the surly bonds of earth” to “touch the face of God.”
What best describes the thesis of this speech?

President Reagan is equating the loss of the seven astronauts to a tragedy that extends beyond the families involved, to the nation as a whole.

President Reagan is about to discuss the nation’s fiscal report card.

President Reagan is describing how deeply hurtful the tragedy is to him and wife Nancy.

President Reagan will be launching into a defense of the space program in light of the tragedy.

Re-read the conclusion of Reagan’s Challenger speech:
There’s a coincidence today. On this day 390 years ago, the great explorer Sir Francis Drake died aboard ship off the coast of Panama. In his lifetime the great frontiers were the oceans, and a historian later said, “He lived by the sea, died on it, and was buried in it.” Well, today we can say of the challenger crew: Their dedication was, like Drake’s, complete.
The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honored us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for the journey and waved goodbye and “slipped the surly bonds of earth” to “touch the face of God.”
What effect is caused by the closing two paragraphs?

The conclusion demonstrates President Reagan’s specific religious beliefs.

The conclusion draws parallels to space exploration and the sea.

The conclusion honors the victims of the tragedy by equating their desire for discovery with the great explorers of the past, who conquered the seas for the spread and advancement of civilization and progress. It also acknowledges the honor that such spirit of adventure deserves from the society it serves.

The conclusion condemns space exploration as a result of the disaster.

Read the following paragraph from the student essay, “Cloning.”
Do you want a twin that is cloned from you? Do you think it is necessary? Or do you think it is unethical and should be banned? I strongly believe that cloning is a new technology that is necessary for our world. I have various reasons for this: it is necessary for the treatment of some illnesses such as leukemia and it provides our children better lives. Some people claim that cloning causes some disadvantages, but I think they are really making a mistake.
First of all, even in our time, we still have some illnesses that have no cure or treatment or that have long and painful treatments that are applied with difficulty. We can give leukemia as an example. In the treatment of leukemia, you have to find a person whose tissues match those of the person suffering from leukemia, and the probability is very low, unless they are identical twins. If we use the cloning technology in these cases, we can find a solution to these kinds of diseases easily. Therefore, I think if it has such advantages why shouldn’t it be used?
Secondly, if we use this technology in the birth of children, we not only decrease the risks of cancer, stroke and dementia, but also increase the cognitive potential and talents of children, as Lee Silver mentioned in his article. I want to say that the quality of new generation will increase, so better lives are waiting for us at least for our children, after we improve and start cloning.
Finally, some scientists believe that cloning has many disadvantages. For example, cloned ones get older faster, and live shorter. On the other hand, we shouldn’t forget that it is a very very new technology and it needs some time to be improved. I believe that after a while and after worked on seriously, it will really provide us the advantages that I mentioned before, so I think at this moment, all we can do is to wait and see what our scientists can do.

The following transitional words or phrases are used throughout the piece for proper sequencing. Choose the answer that arranges these words and phrases in the right order from first to last.

First of all
Secondly
Therefore
as an example
On the other hand
Finally

First of all
Therefore
as an example
Secondly
Finally
On the other hand

Secondly
First of all
as an example
Therefore
Finally
On the other hand

First of all
as an example
Therefore
Secondly
Finally
On the other hand

In the context of the piece, the author uses the Answer 4 sequence to properly move from one idea to the next.

Referring to passage from question 11, what is implied from use of the transitional phrase, “as an example”?

That the author is about to tell how cloning would not be useful in the treatment of leukemia.

That the author is about to give leukemia as an example of a serious issue in the United States.

That the author is about to tell how cloning is amoral.

That the author is about to demonstrate how leukemia treatment would be an area where cloning could benefit mankind.

Read the following passage from Nicolo Machiavelli’s The Prince.
Coming now to the other qualities mentioned above, I say that every prince ought to desire to be considered clement and not cruel. Nevertheless he ought to take care not to misuse this clemency. Cesare Borgia was considered cruel; notwithstanding, his cruelty reconciled the Romagna, unified it, and restored it to peace and loyalty. And if this be rightly considered, he will be seen to have been much more merciful than the Florentine people, who, to avoid a reputation for cruelty, permitted Pistoia to be destroyed.(*) Therefore a prince, so long as he keeps his subjects united and loyal, ought not to mind the reproach of cruelty; because with a few examples he will be more merciful than those who, through too much mercy, allow disorders to arise, from which follow murders or robberies; for these are wont to injure the whole people, whilst those executions which originate with a prince offend the individual only.
What is the author's purpose?

To demonstrate the passive aggression is a better form of government.

To demonstrate that might makes right.

To demonstrate that what some consider cruelty is actually more merciful than too much passivity if that passivity allows damage to the whole of society.

That Machiavelli was a cruel man.

Read this excerpt from a student’s persuasive essay:
In the past, many people thought raising children to be the only goal and responsibility of women. Now, Japanese women no longer seem interested solely in raising children, and society needs to accept this. Japanese women want to work, either for money or for their own interests. In fact, like many women in the world today, they would like to both work and raise children. But Japanese society is against this. Some companies, for example, even tell women to quit working when they get married or have children. As a result, Japanese women are having fewer children or no children at all. Society should help set up ways for them both to work and to have children.

What is the explicit purpose of this paragraph?

To state that a women’s place is in the home.

To identify the key cause of why Japan is having a childbirth shortage.

To speak out against having kids.

To identify a cause of the childbirth shortage and persuade society to enable women to be both workers and mothers without sacrificing one over the other.

What is the implicit purpose of the above paragraph?

To show that society must progress beyond social norms in order to survive.

To show that society cannot survive without women.

To show that society cannot survive without children.

To show that Japan is prejudiced towards women.

Read the following argumentative essay arguing against Marine Parks in Australia
The issue of whether we should allow marine parks to stay open has been widely debated in our community recently. It is an important issue because it concerns fundamental moral and economic questions about the way we use our native wildlife. A variety of different arguments have been put forward about this issue. This essay will consider arguments for having marine parks and point to some of the problems with these views. It will then put forward reasons for the introduction of laws which prohibit these unnecessary and cruel institutions.
It has been argued that dolphin parks provide the only opportunity for much of the public to see marine mammals (Smith, 1992). Most Australians, so this argument goes, live in cities and never get to see these animals. It is claimed that marine parks allow the average Australian to appreciate our marine wildlife. However, as Smith states, dolphins, whales and seals can be viewed in the wild at a number of places on the Australian coast. In fact, there are more places where they can be seen in the wild than places where they can be seen in captivity. Moreover, most Australians would have to travel less to get to these locations than they would to get to the marine parks on the Gold Coast. In addition, places where there are wild marine mammals do not charge an exorbitant entry fee - they are free.
Dr Alison Lane, the director of the Cairns Marine Science Institute, contends that we need marine parks for scientific research (The Age, 19.2.93). She argues that much of our knowledge of marine mammals comes from studies which were undertaken at marine parks. The knowledge which is obtained at marine parks, so this argument goes, can be useful for planning for the conservation of marine mammal species. However, as Jones (1991) explains, park research is only useful for understanding captive animals and is not useful for learning about animals in the wild. Dolphin and whale biology changes in marine park conditions. Their diets are different, they have significantly lower life spans and they are more prone to disease. In addition, marine mammals in dolphin parks are trained and this means that their patterns of social behaviour are changed. Therefore research undertaken at marine parks is generally not reliable.
It is the contention of the Marine Park Owners Association that marine parks attract a lot of foreign tourists (The Sun-Herald 12.4.93). This position goes on to assert that these tourists spend a lot of money, increasing our foreign exchange earnings and assisting our national balance of payments. However, foreign tourists would still come to Australia if the parks were closed down. Indeed, surveys of overseas tourists show that they come here for a variety of other reasons and not to visit places like Seaworld (The Age, Good Weekend 16.8.93). Tourists come here to see our native wildlife in its natural environment and not to see it in cages and cement pools. They can see animals in those condition in their own countries Furthermore, we should be promoting our beautiful natural environment to tourists and not the ugly concrete marine park venues.
Dolphin parks are unnecessary and cruel. The dolphins and whales in these parks are kept in very small, cramped ponds, whereas in the wild they are used to roaming long distances across the seas. Furthermore, the concrete walls of the pools interfere with the animals' sonar systems of communication. In addition, keeping them in pools is a terrible restriction of the freedom of fellow creatures who may have very high levels of intelligence and a sophisticated language ability. Moreover, there are many documented cases of marine mammals helping humans who are in danger at sea or helping fisherman with their work.
In conclusion, these parks should be closed, or at the very least, no new animals should be captured for marine parks in the future. Our society is no longer prepared to tolerate unnecessary cruelty to animals for science and entertainment. If we continue with our past crimes against these creatures we will be remembered as cruel and inhuman by the generations of the future.

Select the answer that has the events in the correct order:

  1. However, as Jones (1991) explains, park research is only useful for understanding captive animals and is not useful for learning about animals in the wild. Dolphin and whale biology changes in marine park conditions. Their diets are different, they have significantly lower life spans and they are more prone to disease. In addition, marine mammals in dolphin parks are trained and this means that their patterns of social behaviour are changed. Therefore research undertaken at marine parks is generally not reliable.

  2. It has been argued that dolphin parks provide the only opportunity for much of the public to see marine mammals (Smith, 1992). Most Australians, so this argument goes, live in cities and never get to see these animals. It is claimed that marine parks allow the average Australian to appreciate our marine wildlife. However, as Smith states, dolphins, whales and seals can be viewed in the wild at a number of places on the Australian coast.

  3. Indeed, surveys of overseas tourists show that they come here for a variety of other reasons and not to visit places like Seaworld (The Age, Good Weekend 16.8.93). Tourists come here to see our native wildlife in its natural environment and not to see it in cages and cement pools. They can see animals in those condition in their own countries Furthermore, we should be promoting our beautiful natural environment to tourists and not the ugly concrete marine park venues.

  4. Dolphin parks are unnecessary and cruel. The dolphins and whales in these parks are kept in very small, cramped ponds, whereas in the wild they are used to roaming long distances across the seas. Furthermore, the concrete walls of the pools interfere with the animals' sonar systems of communication. In addition, keeping them in pools is a terrible restriction of the freedom of fellow creatures who may have very high levels of intelligence and a sophisticated language ability. Moreover, there are many documented cases of marine mammals helping humans who are in danger at sea or helping fisherman with their work.

B, C, D, A

B, A, C, D

A, C, B, D

C, A, D, B

Which sentence indicates the author will use his previous statements to begin his next argument, which is to describe the [whatever effect something had on his life]?

The issue of whether we should allow marine parks to stay open has been widely debated in our community recently.

It is an important issue because it concerns fundamental moral and economic questions about the way we use our native wildlife.

It has been argued that dolphin parks provide the only opportunity for much of the public to see marine mammals.

In conclusion, these parks should be closed, or at the very least, no new animals should be captured for marine parks in the future.

Read the following sentence:
You can’t prove that there aren’t Martians living in caves under the surface of Mars, so it is reasonable for me to believe there are.
Identify why the reasoning is fallacious.

Appeal to authority: Attempt at truth by tying a person of authority to the belief; does not use factual evidence to prove the point.

Appeal to popular opinion: Saying that because most people believe something it must be true.

Attacking the person: Attempts truth by attacking the person rather than the argument.

Appeal to ignorance: Attempts truth by stating that because someone can’t prove your viewpoint, you’re justified in accepting your own as fact.

Read the following excerpt from a student essay on birth control necessity:
First of all, a high birth rate means an ever-growing population, which needs more accommodation, education, and health care. When you fail to control high birth rates, this will bring about an expansion in the population. Increasing needs of the expanding population cannot be provided easily. Hence, it will cause malnutrition, health problems and dissatisfaction among people. Furthermore, with a high birth rate in a rapidly growing population, social problems will lead to social crises and explosion. Therefore, high birth rate in a population is a very serious problem that should be solved as fast as possible to avoid crises in the country in concern.
What type of fallacy is employed in this paragraph?

Appeal to probability: when one takes something for granted because it would probably be the case (or might be the case)

Equivocation: the misleading use of a term with more than one meaning (by glossing over which meaning is intended at a particular time).

Etymological fallacy: which reasons that the original or historical meaning of a word or phrase is necessarily similar to its actual present-day meaning.

If-by-whiskey: an argument that supports both sides of an issue by using terms that are selectively emotionally sensitive.

Read this letter followed by the response.
Dear Car Dealer:
I am very upset with the service that I received during a recent trip to your lot. A salesman immediately targeted me while I was trying to look at the cars. When I said I was just looking, he persisted and went in to a sales pitch regarding the car I was looking at. After repeatedly telling him I was just looking, he stormed off and huffed at me. I don’t appreciate being pressured, and this sales associate was incredibly annoying. No one likes to be pestered. I will not be buying from you.
Thank you,
Upset Customer



Dear Upset Customer:
Thank you for contacting us. We want to express our apologies at your experience and hope that you do reconsider the decision not to purchase from us. Our associates work on commission, but they are advised never to pressure customers, and that type of behavior is unacceptable. We will continue to train our employees to do better, and hope to see you return soon. If you choose to do so, I will give you my personal guarantee that you will not be hassled or pressured in any way. We hope to see you soon.
Best wishes,
Car Dealer
What is the key difference between the letter and reply?

The first letter proactively seeks retribution for a perceived wrong, while the response is dismissive of the customer’s complaint.

The first letter is a reactive complaint written for the sole purpose of voicing discontent, while the response is a constructive attempt to alleviate the customer’s concerns and win them back.

The first letter seeks to get the offending employee fired for a perceived wrong, while the response defends the associate’s actions.

The first letter makes fun of the company and voices approval for a competitor, while the response is dismissive.

Identify the common nouns in the following sentence from Les Miserables by Victor Hugo:
The sweat, the heat, the journey on foot, the dust, added I know not what sordid quality to this dilapidated whole.

sweat, heat, journey, foot, dust, quality

sweat, heat, journey, foot, dust, quality, whole

sweat, heat, journey

sweat, heat, journey, I

Idenfy the sentence that correctly uses who or whom.

I consulted a florist who I met in Arizona.

I picked a child who I thought was very sweet.

I selected a speechwriter who I’d known for several years.

I consulted a florist whom I met in Arizona.

Complete the sentence with the correct form of verb.
Hours of waiting in the emergency room __________ ahead of us.

lay

lie

has lie

lain

The past tense of "to lie" is "lay" and that's the only option matching the tense of the sentence.

Identify the mistakes in the following paragraph.
Looking back on a childhood filled with events and memories, I find it rather difficult to pick on that leaves me with the fabled "warm and fuzzy feelings." As the daughter of an Air Force Major, I had the pleasure of traveling across America in many moving trips. I have visited the monstrous trees of the Sequoia National Forest, stood on the edge of the Grande Canyon and have jumped on the beds at Caesar’s Palace in Lake Tahoe.

Grande should be Grand.

Caesar's Palace should be Ceasar's Palace.

"pick on" should be "pick one"

None of the above

Answer 1 and 3 only

It's clear that the writer left an "e" off the word "on in the first sentence. Grand Canyon does not have an "e" on the end of "Grand."

The following is an example of a famous narrative written by John Updike, "Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu":
"The afternoon grew so glowering that in the sixth inning the arc lights were turned on--always a wan sight in the daytime, like the burning headlights of a funeral procession. Aided by the gloom, Fisher was slicing through the Sox rookies, and Williams did not come to bat in the seventh. He was second up in the eighth. This was almost certainly his last time to come to the plate in Fenway Park, and instead of merely cheering, as we had at his three previous appearances, we stood, all of us, and applauded."
Choose the option that best describes the mood of the scene.

Somber and desperate

Joyful and elated

Bored and meaningless

Fun and carefree

The descriptive words of the passage -- "glowering," "wan," comparing the arc lights during the day like headlights on a funeral procession -- add up to a day that seems like it isn't going too well for the Sox. When Williams comes up the final time at Fenway Park, the crowd reacts more strongly than they did before. They're hopeful, yes, but when combined with the somber mood of the rest of the passage, it's clear that hope is overshadowed by a prevailing emotion of desperation. They want so badly for this at-bat to be special that they're willing to change their entire behavior as if that might help.

What literary device is primarily being used in this essay excerpt?
Billy Ray's Pawn Shop and Lawn Mower Repair looked like a burial ground for country auction rejects. The blazing, red, diesel fuel tanks beamed in front of the station, looking like cheap lipstick against the pallid, wrinkled texture of the parking lot sand.

Alliteration

Allegory

Personification

Imagery

Read the following excerpt and choose the option that best answers the question.
Did you know that 7 out of 10 students have cheated at least once in the past year? Did you know that 50 percent of those students have cheated more than twice? These shocking statistics are from a survey of 9,000 U.S. high school students. Incredibly, teachers may even be encouraging their students to cheat! Last year at a school in Detroit, teachers allegedly provided their students with answers to statewide standard tests.
Which type of essay might this be?

Narrative

Creative

Descriptive

Expository

Read the following essay on MMOGs and choose the response that best answers the question.
Online games aren't just a diversion, but a unique way to meet other people. As millions of gamers demonstrate, playing online is about friendship and cooperation, not just killing monsters. These games are a viable social network because players focus on teamwork, form groups with like-minded people and have romantic relationships with other players.
Massively-Multiplayer Online Games (MMOGs) feature millions of players interacting in the same environment. The games are social in nature as they allow players to band together and complete missions based on a story line, or test their skills by fighting against each other. At the start of the game, the user creates a fictional character, and customizes its physical appearance. Since many games involve combat, players also outfit their characters with armor and weapons, as well as choose their "profession."
Many popular game titles like World of Warcraft and Everquest follow a fantasy theme, so most professions have magical abilities like healing other players or raising undead minions. While the process seems simple, players may spend hours agonizing over the perfect look for their character, from their armor color to the type of skills to use in battle. Once their character is created, the player is free to explore the vast, digital world and interact with other players; however they must pay on average $15 a month for game content.
MMOG users are mostly male - usually between the ages of 18-34 - although titles like World of Warcraft have a healthy population of female players as well. With millions of players, there are plenty of people to adventure with.
The writer of the piece feels that MMOGs are unique ways of meeting other people for what reason?

They only cost $15 per month.

They're a lot of fun.

They allow individual players to interact in the same environment.

They give players the opportunity to focus on teamwork and form relationships with others.

Answer 4 is set forth as the thesis statement, or that which the rest of the essay will be about, in the last sentence of the first paragraph. Cost and fun factors are not directly credited with why this is unique. And while they do allow interaction in the same environment, this statement doesn't touch on the interaction that goes on outside, but as a result of, the gaming environment.

Read the following school admission essay -- "The Unathletic Department" -- and choose the option that best answers the question below.
A blue seventh place athletic ribbon hangs from my mantel. Every day, as I walk into my living room, the award mockingly congratulates me as I smile. Ironically, the blue seventh place ribbon resembles the first place ribbon in color; so, if I just cover up the tip of the seven, I may convince myself that I championed the fourth heat. But, I never dare to wipe away the memory of my seventh place swim; I need that daily reminder of my imperfection. I need that seventh place.
Two years ago, I joined the no-cut swim team. That winter, my coach unexpectedly assigned me to swim the 500 freestyle. After stressing for hours about swimming 20 laps in a competition, I mounted the blocks, took my mark, and swam. Around lap 14, I looked around at the other lanes and did not see anyone. “I must be winning!” I thought to myself. However, as I finally completed my race and lifted my arms up in victory to the eager applause of the fans, I looked up at the score board. I had finished my race in last place. In fact, I left the pool two minutes after the second-to-last competitor, who now stood with her friends, wearing all her clothes.
The blue for the first loser went to me.
However, as I walked back to my team, carrying the seventh place blue, listening to the splash of the new event’s swimmers, I could not help but smile. I could smile because despite my loss, life continued; the next event began. I realized that I could accept this failure, because I should not take everything in life so seriously. Why should I not laugh at the image of myself, raising my arms up in victory only to have finished last? I certainly did not challenge the school record, but that did not mean I could not enjoy the swim.
So, the blue seventh place ribbon sits there, on my mantel, for the world to see. I feel no shame in that. In fact, my memorable 20 laps mean more to me than an award because over time, the blue of the seventh place ribbon fades, and I become more colorful by embracing my imperfections and gaining resilience-but not athleticism.
What statement best describes the author's purpose?

The author's purpose is to tell the world how poor of a swimmer she is.

The author's purpose is to relate an embarrassing moment in her life.

The author's purpose is to demonstrate confidence through her imperfections.

The author's purpose is to feign humiliation.