Which of the following statements best summarizes the information given in the passage?

Report to the Twenty-Third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1966

Prerevolutionary Russia was an economically backward country. It was . . . a land of the sledgehammer and the wheelbarrow, the wooden plow and the spinning wheel. Despite its rich mineral deposits, the country was acutely short of metal. Its numerous villages were illuminated at night by the miserable flame of a smoky splinter. The people lived in want and overwhelming ignorance . . .

From the time of this report, just five decades had passed since the day the October Revolution of 1917 was won in Russia, and the Bolsheviks (later called Communists) took power into their own hands. In 1922 the United Soviet Socialists Republic (U.S.S.R., or Soviet Union) was established. By 1966 the face of the country had changed beyond recognition. It was no longer the underdeveloped country it used to be, but a much stronger and more prosperous land, yet the people were controlled by the dictates of the Communist Party. In time, the people demanded greater freedom from the central government. In 1991 Communist rule ended. The Soviet Union was dissolved, and the Soviet republics declared their independence. Power was in the hands of the people.

There was a shortage of metal in prerevolutionary Russia.

The Soviet Union has made great progress since the revolution of 1917.

Russians live mainly in small, poorly built villages.

The Soviet economy is still backward and underdeveloped.

The Soviet people need to seize control of their governments.

The passage contrasts Russia before and after the 1917 Revolution. The many improvements since the Revolution are best summarized by this option.

Was asked in this test : Social Studies Pre 1